English print publisher John Boydell studied engraving in London. It is as the publisher of works of other engravers, however, that he is best known. In 1786 he began the publication, by subscription, of prints illustrating Shakespeare’s works. The leading English artists, including Sir Joshua Reynolds, Benjamin West, and Henry Fuseli, were commissioned to paint scenes from Shakepeare's works. Boydell built a gallery to house these works. In 1803, Boydell published the engravings based on the paintings in the gallery. Because of the Boydell prints, some images of scenes from Shakespeare are, to this day, indelibly fixed in the public mind. The paintings commissioned by Boydell were used repeatedly to illustrate the works of Shakespeare, and they appear in all sorts of modified, adapted, and borrowed forms in engravings and drawings for subsequent publications. Because of financial reverses, due chiefly to the French Revolution and consequent closing of the continental market, the collection was sold by lottery in 1804.