Gottsched, Johann Christoph (1700-1766) Leipzig: B.C. Breitkopf, 1746-1750 Neue verb. Aufl. The works of Johann Gottsched helped develop the purification of the German language. Gottsched’s intent was to reign in excessive and vulgar German literary tastes of the time. His concern was justified, but others rejected his attempt, objecting to artificial rules and championing the cause of imagination. Gottsched stood his ground but was defeated. Before the end of his life he was mocked and sneered at for being doctrinaire. Later critics of Gottsched agree that early modern German theater owed more to him than his contemporary critics gave him credit for. Gottsched wrote several plays, including adaptations of English and French tragedies. Deutsche Schaubühne, is a six volume collection of drama, mostly translations of French plays. The second edition of The German Theater with its new preface was the culmination of Gottsched’s life work.
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