Table of Contents
Collection Overview +/-
Collection Inventory +/-
series: I. Personal
box 1: Autobiography
No photostatic copies of items in this box.
volume 1: "The Life Story of B. H. Roberts"
This copy of the autobiography of Brigham Henry Roberts was obtained from Dr. Sterling M. McMurrin. It is a photostat of a copy of the original manuscript typed by Georgia Roberts Livingston, a daughter of B. H. Roberts. The story is well-written in an interesting manner. The print quality of this copy is poor. Speaking of himself in the third person, Roberts details his life through 1927 when he was released as president of the Eastern States Mission of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (L.D.S. church). Roberts begins his story with his 1866 arrival in New York from England. He had been left in the care of friends by his mother who immigrated to Utah four years earlier. He describes his life in England and his early years in Utah. Most of the story is concerned with his involvement in the L.D.S. church. Roberts goes into great detail about his proselytizing missions for his church, especially those years he spent in Tennessee, the Southern States Mission, and Great Britain. Roberts includes information about his family only as it is pertinent to other events in his story. He does describe his arrest and imprisonment for "unlawful cohabitation." The only other events covered in his story are his role as a delegate to the Utah State Constitutional Convention and his subsequent involvement in politics which brought him into conflict with L.D.S. church leaders. Even though he was a chaplain and served in France during World War I, he makes no mention of this military service in his autobiography.
folder 1: "The Life Story of B. H. Roberts"
Copy of a letter from Sterling M. McMurrin describing how he obtained a copy of the autobiography and giving information regarding its authenticity.
box 2: Journals, Family Records, Notebooks, Certificates, Miscellaneous
Photostatic copies of items in this box are located in Box 7. Specific copy location is indicated in parentheses following each folder title. The first number is the box number, the second is the folder number, unless preceeded by "Bk" which indicates a book within the given box.
folder 1: Journal (7:Bk 1) (1882-1883)
Brown, leather-bound ledger, 5 inches by 8 inches. 1 January to 17 October 1883. From the first of this journal to the fifteenth of May 1882, B. H. Roberts was serving an L.D.S. church mission in Tennessee. At the end of each month's daily entries is a summary of the miles traveled and by what means, the number of meetings held, remarks on his reading for the month, and comments on the weather. Roberts was released from his mission in May of 1882. At this point the character of the writing changes and he notes that he is writing in 1883 to bring his journal up to date. After doing a summary of the year 1882 he again begins daily entries on 29 March 1883 when he returns to Tennessee. The 1883 section contains no monthly summaries. The journal is interspersed with prayers, quotations, and poetry. Throughout the journal he refers to his "scrapbooks" by volume and page number for reports and minutes of conferences or for other items which relate to particular incidents recorded in his journal. The journal ends abruptly with an entry dated 17 October 1883.
folder 2: Journal (7:Bk 2) (1884-1885)
Black, leather-bound, tooled "Record" in silver and gold colors, 3 1/2 inches by 5 inches. 4 October 1884 to 6 March 1885. Roberts covers the period from 4 October to 27 November in the first portion of the journal. He opens with a report on the semi-annual L.D.S. church conference in Salt Lake City, but by the fifteenth of October he has left to take charge of the Southern States Mission. Because of the "Cane Creek Massacre" in which four people were killed, including two L.D.S. missionaries, and the growing animosity toward members of the Mormon church, many of the converts emigrated from the South to Colorado. Roberts details his role in helping these Mormon converts reach Colorado. The journal stops when he arrives back in Salt Lake City in November (page 71). Roberts resumes writing on 26 January 1885 (page 95). During January, February, and March, Roberts describes his travels through the state speaking at meetings and canvassing for subscriptions to the Mutual Improvement Association's publication the This portion of the journal also includes a song he wrote about plural marriage and other poetry. The journal ends abruptly May 6 with the entry "Went about a mi. up the Mts."
folder 3: Journal (7:Bk 3) (1886-1887)
Black, leather-bound, 4 inches by 6 3/4 inches. 5 December 1886 intermittently to 8 August 1887, with some undated entries. Roberts begins this journal with a description of his arrest on 5 December for "'unlawful cohabitation' with Sarah L. Roberts & Celia Dibble." However, his explanation ends in mid-sentence. There are a number of blank pages, then a few brief comments on Roberts's first visit to London in 1887. Skipping a few more pages, he begins a description of travels around England between 2 and 5 April. On the fifth he visited the former home of the poet Lord Byron, and writes a description complete with quotes from the poet. These entries are badly water stained but still legible. Roberts leaves more blank pages and begins with an entry dated "Aug. 30th 1887," which is probably July, as the following entries date from the first to the eighth of August. This portion of the journal describes Roberts's trip across Scotland. The journal entries end on 8 August 1887 with his return to Liverpool. Tucked into the entry for 3 August are four pages from a small notebook labeled "The Scripture Testimony to the Christ: Especially the Testimony of St. John." Following the journal entries are pages of personal accounts, inscriptions from grave stones, remarks about the roles of women and men, notes on books, and poetry. On the last page of the volume under a pasted-in poem is the note: "Married Lena 23 Jan. 1884 Wednesday Ets. She is 23/3d Aug '87." His "temple records" show his marriage to Celia Dibble, whom he called Lena, on 4 October 1884. Celia's birthday is recorded as 3 August 1864.
folder 4: Journal (7:Bk 4) (1890-1893)
Maroon, leather-bound, "Record" in gold-colored letters, 5 1/2 inches by 8 1/2 inches. 3 November 1890 to May 1892 and 13 January to 24 June 1893. During this period Roberts spends most of his time at home rather than in the mission field. For this reason his family life is more in evidence than in his previous journals, although notations are still made only incidentally. The journal entries are daily from 3 November to 11 December 1890. Most of his time is devoted to his work on his book and writing for the semi-weekly newspaper. In his attempt to clarify his position within the L.D.S. church, he is released to attend to his own affairs while holding himself in readiness to serve if called. In February of 1893 Roberts begins to fill in his journal from memory for the two previous years. Here he records his feelings on hearing of the Woodruff Manifesto and traces the history of plural marriage within the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. He also makes lengthy comments on the relationships between the L.D.S. church and state politics. Roberts records the conflict with church leaders involving himself and Moses Thatcher, both Democrats, over differing political views. This portion of the journal ends abruptly on page 73. On page 101 Roberts again begins daily entries with 15 January 1893. He continues work on his religious writings, including a revision of Between 13 February and 29 March, Roberts spends time on a mission to Mexico, including New Mexico, Arizona, Texas, and California. He visits the Mormon settlements in these areas to organize "Quorums of Seventies." Between March and June he continues his church work in Salt Lake City, including duties attendant to the dedication of the completed Salt Lake Temple. This journal ends on 24 June 1893.
folder 5: Journal (7:1) (1917-1918)
Loose-leaf pages, 4 inches by 6 inches. 5 August 1917 to 24 December 1918. Titled "The Chaplains Journal of Dates & Incidents," these twelve small pages contain remarks about the movements of the 145th Field Artillery, the First Utah, of which B. H. Roberts was chaplain. He also includes dates of deaths, with causes, for those men for whom he was responsible. There are some remarks about the war and the armistice.
folder 6: Family Records--Temple Record (7:Bk 5)
Black, leather-bound, ledger-type volume, 9 inches by 12 inches. In the front pages of the volume are pasted a number of newspaper clippings dealing with the L.D.S. church's "Law of Adoption." Also glued in is a list of the ancestors and relatives of Ann Everington, B. H. Roberts's mother, in her handwriting and a typescript. A letter from Roberts's sister Mary and its accompanying clipping about their mother has been pasted on two pages. Finally there is a list of his mother's marriages and children written by the daughter of Roberts's oldest sister. At the end of the book are handwritten lists of births, baptisms, and deaths for B. H. Roberts's two families, including some of his grandchildren (pp. 60-61, 63-65). Loose sheets inserted into the book have been removed and placed in the four following folders. However, these items, when photocopied, were bound together in the photocopy of the Temple Record in Box 7.
folder 7: Family Records--Temple Records and Genealogies (7:Bk 5) (1869-1930)
Includes an "Application for Endowments" for Ann Nichols, Roberts's mother; a letter from Heber J. Grant affirming that the sealing of Ann Everington (mother) and John W. Woolley has been cancelled; and temple forms for work-for-the-dead with a handwritten list of temple work done in 1928. The genealogies include a list of people with the last name of Roberts taken from the Shrewsbury Burgess Role and a letter from the American Genealogical Society informing Roberts of the publication of
folder 8: Family Records--Patriarchal Blessings (7:Bk 5) (1875-1902)
Blessing copies for Sarah Louisa Smith, Brigham Henry Roberts, and Ann Everington Woolley.
folder 9: Family Records--Father's Notebook (7:Bk 5)
Small, paper-bound notebook with the notation "Ben Roberts Note book (Father to B H Roberts[)]" on the outside. Recorded on the pages are accounts and birth dates of the children of Benjamin and Ann Roberts. Notes on the marriages of Ann Reed Everington Roberts Nichols Dustin Woolley were possibly written by B. H. Roberts.
folder 10: Family Records--Obituaries (7:Bk 5) (1929-1931)
Newspaper clippings with Roberts's handwritten notes about the deaths of his sisters Mary Ann Martha Roberts Day and Anna Roberts Willey.
folder 11: Notebooks--Subject Record (7:Bk 6) (1929-1931)
This small, leather loose-leaf titled "Subject Record. and General Notes Quotations Poems etc," has alphabetical dividers behind which the notations are filed. Included are poems, quotations, notes on items to be read, names, and a few newspaper clippings.
folder 12: Notebooks--Thought Book (7:Bk 7)
This loose-leaf titled "B H Roberts' Thought Book No_," contains prayers, quotations, poems including a lengthy one titled "The Leper" possibly composed by Roberts, and other similar notations.
folder 13: Certificates--Citizenship (7:2) (1882)
6 September, original certification of citizenship for Brigham H. Roberts.
folder 14: Certificates--Elders's Certificate (7:3) (1886)
27 December, affirmation that Roberts is an elder of the L.D.S. church for his mission to Great Britain.
folder 15: Certificates--Election Certificate (1898-1899)
10 December 1898, affirmation that B. H. Roberts was elected to the United States House of Representatives from Utah. , 1899. Summation of Roberts's reply in the United States House of Representatives' proceedings to unseat him because of his background and belief in polygamy. Undated, article about the Roberts case being used as a precedent for unseating five Socialists elected to the New York State Assembly.
folder 16: Certificates--Minister's Certificate (7:4) (1922)
29 May, affirmation that Roberts is an elder in the L.D.S. church. Given when he was appointed president of the Eastern States Mission. Also included are the letter of appointment and a blessing given to Roberts on that same day.
folder 17: Miscellaneous--Biographical Notes and Information
Undated, includes a photograph of a sketch of B. H. Roberts at about ten years of age, pencil notes for use in an autobiography, a sample of Roberts's father's handwriting, and other biographical data such as a clipping from
series: II. Correspondence
box 3: Family, General, Book of Mormon
Photostatic copies of items in this box are in Box 8. Specific copy location is indicated in parentheses following each folder title. The first number is the box number, the second the folder number, unless preceeded by "Bk" which indicates a book within the box.
folder 1: Family--Roberts, Ben (son) (8:1) (1918)
21 March, Salt Lake City, Ben to B. H. Roberts.
Controversy between B. H. Roberts and his wife Louisa, Ben's mother, over water rights and title to a piece of property in Centerville, Utah.
folder 2: Family--Roberts, Celia "Lena" Dibble (wife) (8:2) (1891) (1892)
22 November 1891, Manassa, Colorado, Celia to "Dear Grandma."
Celia sends news of her children, the weather, and a proposed dance. She misses Henry (B. H. Roberts) and wishes he would visit more often, lamenting "was in hopes Henry would be here [for the dance] but suppose I will be disappointed as I never have the pleasure of attending anything nice with him."
4 January 1892, Manassa, Colorado, "Lena" to "Dear Grandma."
Celia gives the family news and mentions B. H. Roberts's short visit at Christmas. She is homesick and longs to visit Utah, saying "Henry has given me the chance to come home in the spring and stay all summer. but obey the how do you think I will stand it."
folder 3: Family--Roberts, Sarah Louisa Smith (wife) (8:3) (1880-1896)
20 December 1880, Eldora, Iowa, B. H. Roberts to Louisa.
Roberts forwards a photograph of himself as a Christmas present and informs her he is being transferred from Iowa to the Southern States Mission.
27 December 1880, Eldora, Iowa, B. H. Roberts to Louisa.
Brief note asking Louisa to send his money received for Christmas to two other missionaries to reimburse them for funds loaned to him.
21 September 1881, Duck River, Tennessee, B. H. Roberts to "Dear Lu."
News of his missionary activities, including the organizing of the Cane Creek Branch of the L.D.S. church.
10 February 1882, Duck River, Tennessee, B. H. Roberts to Louisa.
Writes of his activities and how he sees her face everywhere, missing her after twenty-two months away from home.
3 May 1882, Nashville, Tennesse, B. H. Roberts to Louisa.
Describes his travel through Tennessee to hold a conference and other meetings. He will soon return home as he has been honorably released from his mission. Included with this letter is a post office registry receipt dated 29 April 1882.
16 February 1885, Payson, Utah, B. H. Roberts to "My Own Dear Lou."
Writes of the success of his meetings and his canvass for subscriptions to the In a postscript he tells her of his sudden fit of melancholy.
22 July , Centerville, Utah, Louisa to "Dear Henry."
Louisa sends him news of the family's health and informs him of the death of Abraham H. Cannon on 19 July 1896.
21 October 1896, Centerville, Utah, Louisa to "Dear Henry."
She has received his letter from Cincinnati. Writes him the family news and "kisses for papa" from the children.
September, Undated, Centerville, Utah. Louisa to "Dear Henry."
Louisa sends news of a violent wind storm, the resultant damage to home, and problems with property taxes. A postscript from his daughter, Adah, asks her father for advice as she has started school, needs books, and "Ma can't get them she has hard work to make both ends meet now."
folder 4: Family--Woolley, Ann Everington Roberts Nichols, Dustin (mother) (8:4) (1877-1878)
Two letters from B. H. Roberts to his mother.
Letters written while he was working for the Centerville Dairy Company (1877). One sends greetings to his sisters Mary and Annie.
Two letters from B. H. Roberts to his mother, one 1878 and one undated.
Both letters are concerned with problems resulting from the reappearance of her husband Seth Dustin.
folder 5: Family--Woolley, Ann Everington Roberts Nichols Dustin (mother) (8:5) (1880)
B. H. Roberts to his mother.
These letters, all from Iowa, send his mother news of his progress and travels while on his mission.
folder 6: Family--Woolley, Ann Everington Roberts Nichols, Dustin (mother) (8:6) (1881-1882)
B. H. Roberts to his mother.
These letters, all from various places in Tennessee, report on his missionary activities and theological ideas. He inquires about the health and lives of his relatives and friends in Utah.
folder 7: Family--Woolley, Ann Everington Roberts Nichols Dustin (mother) (8:7) (1883)
B. H. Roberts to his mother.
Letters from Tennessee, Kentucky, and North Carolina describing his travels to various conferences throughout the Southern States Mission. He also mentions threats of mob violence against the missionaries and Southern Mormons. Roberts inquires after the family and sends greetings to his sisters.
25 June 1883, Chattanooga, Tennessee.
Roberts tells his mother he just came from a conference in Alabama where he "had a splendid time" but that the missionaries "were under the necessity of moving so extremely cautious on account of the great amount of predjudice existing there, and the threats which had been made of mobbing."
folder 8: Family--Woolley, Ann Everington Roberts Nichols Dustin (mother) (8:8) (1884)
B. H. Roberts to his mother.
Letters from Tennessee, Ohio, and Mississippi relating his return trip to the South. He again mentions mob violence and the removal of Mormon converts from the South to Colorado. He inquires about family matters and sends his advice.
9 February 1884, Chattanooga, Tennessee.
Roberts mentions his trip to Independence, Missouri, and his opportunity to visit the "temple lot" there. He describes the area around Independence and of the temple ground writes "No unhallowed hand has been permitted to desecrate it, and I pray that it may remain in that condition untill  the time has come for the Saints to build the Temple."
20 May 1884, Jackson, Mississippi.
Writing of the Mississippi Conference, Roberts describes an act of mob violence. "The Elder who came ... to meet me ... had a bucket of tar thrown over him, and a mob made some threats but nothing more serious happened."
29 October 1884, Chattanooga, Tennessee.
The "Cane Creek Massacre" which occurred on 10 August left two missionaries and two sons of the Condor family, who were Mormon converts, dead at the hands of an organized mob. Roberts helped move some of the Southern converts to Colorado and writes his mother, "We are making every effort to get our brethren and sisters off Cane Creek, though it is questionable whether Sister Condor will be able to stand the trip or not."
folder 9: Family--Woolley, Ann Everington Roberts Nichols Dustin (mother) (8:9) (1885)
B. H. Roberts to his mother.
Letters from towns in Utah and one from Missouri. All these letters tell of Roberts's work for the L.D.S. church. He writes of his concern for his family and how often he is away from Louisa, but does not write of Celia, whom he married in October of 1884.
folder 10: Family--Woolley, Ann Everington Roberts Nichols Dustin (mother) (8:10) (1886-1887)
B. H. Roberts to his mother.
Letters from Liverpool, England, where Roberts was working for the while on another L.D.S. church mission. He explains to his mother that it was his arrest for "unlawful cohabitation" which caused him to leave on such short notice. He writes of his desire to bring "the Gospel" to all his kin in England. He writes her of his work for the and the and describes places he visited or lectured at around England. In all the letters he sends greetings to his sisters.
16 December 1886, "Mid Ocean."
Describes his arrest for "unlawful cohabitation" and his resultant trip to England. He writes his mother "The explanation to my going away is simply this: To stay in the hands of my enemies meant several years imprisonment, and my liberty for that length of time was worth more than $1,000 to me."
6 July 1887, Liverpool England.
After lamenting the fate which has not allowed him to improve his circumstances and care for his family as he would like, Roberts sends greetings to his sisters. In a postscript he writes, "There are some movements being made by the Church just now that appear strange to me. They are altogether beyond my ken to understand."
17 September 1887, Liverpool, England.
This letter includes a flyer announcing lectures to be delivered by Roberts in Birmingham, England, 2 and 3 October.
folder 11: Family--Woolley, Ann Everington Roberts Nichols Dustin (mother) (8:11) (1888-1890)
B. H. Roberts to his mother.
Two letters from Liverpool, England; one from Butte, Montana; and one from Chicago, Illinois. In the letters from England Roberts writes of how well received his writings have been. He also asks his mother to be patient with his wife Louisa. Apparently there has been some conflict between the two women. The letters from Montana and Illinois are brief notes telling his mother he is well. A poem lauding his mother is included with the Montana letter.
folder 12: Family--Woolley, Ann Everington Roberts Nichols Dustin (mother) (8:12) (1893-1895)
B. H. Roberts to his mother.
Two letters from Chicago, Illinois; one from San Bernardino, California; and one from Ogden, Utah. The letters from Chicago send news of Roberts's second family in Colorado. He also tells his mother of preparations and attempts to receive a hearing before the World's Parliament of Religions which was the reason the L.D.S. church presidency sent him to Chicago. The California letter tells of his speaking tour throughout the state in February of 1894. The September 1895 letter from Ogden reports his nomination for Utah's seat in the United States House of Representatives by the Democratic Convention.
folder 13: Family--Woolley, Ann Everington Roberts Nichols Dustin (mother) (8:13) (1896-1900)
B. H. Roberts to his mother.
Two letters from St. Louis, Missouri; one each from Cincinnati, Ohio; Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; New York City; and two from Washington, D. C. The first four letters, written from Midwestern cities in 1896 and 1897, send news of Roberts's travels and labors while on a tour of United States cities lecturing for the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. The other three letters, written in 1899 and 1900, discuss Roberts's fight to keep his seat in the United States House of Representatives.
26 October 1899, New York City, New York.
Roberts writes his mother not to worry about all the publicity in the newspapers about his case in Congress because "while they make considerable noise they will not be able to do much . . . . The most aggrivating part of the whole business is the contemptible course my enemies take in dragging my family into the matter, that I confess tries my patience."
11 January 1900, Washington, D. C.
Two weeks before the decision which removed him from his seat in Congress, Roberts writes "I see that by special telegrams the Utah papers are keeping pace with the developments of my affairs here at Washington, though they do not express as much confidence in my untimate  success, as I myself entertain .... my judgement is that the majority report at least will favor my being sworn in."
folder 14: Family--Woolley, Ann Everington Roberts Nichols Dustin (mother) (8:14) (1906)
B. H. Roberts to his mother.
One letter each from Cleveland, Ohio; Chattanooga, Tennessee; and Jacksonville, Florida. These letters tell of his travels through the East and South lecturing at various L.D.S. church conferences. The last letter is a loving remembrance of his mother's birthday.
folder 15: General--Cowley, Matthew F. (8:15) (1910)
11 December, Baker City, Oregon, Matthew F. Cowley to B. H. Roberts. Cowley is concerned about remarks made by B. H. Roberts regarding the political position of Senator and L.D.S. Apostle Reed Smoot. (See one of Roberts's speeches about Smoot in Box 5, Folder 24). This lengthy letter exhorts Roberts to yield to the view of the L.D.S. church authorities if there is "any danger of your standing in the quorum [of Seventy] being taken from you."
folder 16: General--Dern, George H. (8:16) (1928)
Utah State Governor George H. Dern to B. H. Roberts and carbon of reply.
Governor Dern compliments Roberts on his skill at political speaking and asks him to speak in Ogden for the Democratic party to boost their chances in the coming election. Roberts replys he will do so if possible.
folder 17: General--Deseret Book Company (8:17) (1927-1933)
T. Albert Hooper, manager of Deseret Book Company, to B. H. Roberts, and one 1927 reply.
The letters concern proper citations for passages in Roberts's books being published by the company and information about copyrights.
folder 18: General--Grant, Heber J. (8:18) (1922) (1923)
9 January 1922, B. H. Roberts to Heber J. Grant, president of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints.
B. H. Roberts sent this letter to be added to the record of the conference on Roberts's study on the Book of Mormon. Roberts claims the conference resolved nothing and expresses his disappointment "over the net results of the discussion." He deals with criticisms made by others, especially over the matter of linguistics, by citing numerous references to other works. Roberts concludes by writing "I was quite disappointed in the results of our conference, but notwithstanding that I shall be most earnestly alert upon the subject of Book of Mormon difficulties ... to the vindication of what God has revealed in the Book of Mormon; but I cannot be other than painfully conscious of the fact that our means of defense, should we be vigorously attacked along the lines of Mr. Couch's questions are very inadequate."
15 March 1923, B. H. Roberts to Heber J. Grant, Salt Lake City, Utah.
Roberts writes the L.D.S. church general authorities that he has continued his study of the Book of Mormon from the position that, as their faith in the book was firm, they could "look without fear upon all that can be said against it." He submits his brief of the work "A Book of Mormon Study" to the presidency for their review.
Undated, B. H. Roberts to Heber J. Grant.
Draft of a letter with corrections and insertions dealing with the power, authority, and functions of the First Council of Seventy of which Roberts was a member.
folder 19: General--Hill, George E. (8:19) (1928)
George E. Hill, secretary-treasurer of Crater Mines, Incorporated, to and from B. H. Roberts.
Letters about rumors spread by William W. Silck, a Republican and second counselor in the Rigby Stake Presidency, that attempted to discredit B. H. Roberts following a speech he made for the Democrats in that area of Idaho.
folder 20: General--Lyman, Richard R. (8:20) (1908) (1927)
30 March 1908, Salt Lake City, Utah, B. H. Roberts to Richard R. Lyman.
Letter outlines Roberts's opinion on "Why Reed Smoot should not be returned to the Senate of the United States." After enumerating his reasons, especially with respect to the separation of ecclesiastical and temporal functions and loyalties (Smoot was an L.D.S. church apostle), Roberts argues that his points "should be regarded in the light of absolute certainty that Utah is destined to become a non-Mormon State . . . . It is for those who are directing the policy of our Church to consider whether they will have it anti-Mormon as well as non-Mormon."
24 October 1927, B. H. Roberts to Richard R. Lyman.
Letter transmitting a parallel between the Book of Mormon and Ethan Smith's , published eight years before the Book of Mormon. Roberts writes that there are many more parallels which could be drawn and be equally as striking as those he presents. A copy of the "Parallel" is included.
folder 21: General--Morgan, John (8:21) (1888)
15 January, Salt Lake City, Utah, John Morgan to B. H. Roberts.
From John Morgan, president of Southern States Mission when Roberts served there, written while Roberts was in England. Morgan sends news of his life and family as well as current events in Utah. Of the political situation he writes "It seems to me that our people are about as completely politically, as the Christian World is religiously: there are more political M.D.s than crooked sticks in a mountain mahogany, and all warranted to cure."
folder 22: General--Morgan, Nicholas G. (8:22) (1917)
25 September, Salt Lake City, Utah, Nicholas G. Morgan to B. H. Roberts.
Letter transmitting a stock certificate for a promising mining concern as a gift to "Major Roberts" in appreciation of the "magnificent work in which you are now engaged."
folder 23: General--Moses, Bernard (8:23) (1931)
8 December, Baltimore, Maryland, Bernard Moses to B. H. Roberts.
Letter of thanks for a personally inscribed six volume set of Roberts's Included is a typed copy of the in-scriptions written in each volume by Roberts.
folder 24: General--Nibley, Charles W. (8:24) (1908)
10 June, Salt Lake City, Utah, Charles W. Nibley to B. H. Roberts.
Nibley's letter rebukes Roberts for his attitude toward Reed Smoot expressed in a letter to Richard R. Lyman (See folder 20) which was published without the knowledge of Roberts in a local newspaper. Nibley writes "You are on dangerous ground ... go to your brethren and say 'I have made a mistake and I want you to forgive me and from this time on I will try to do more and say less.'" He refers to Roberts as a "talking machine."
11 June, Salt Lake City, Utah, B. H. Roberts to Charles W. Nibley.
Roberts's lengthy reply is a point by point essay answering questions raised by Nibley, as well as a defense of his political position and role in the doctrinal development of the L.D.S. church. Roberts closes by denying he has any need to seek pardon from the church leaders saying, "I have earned my right to speak in my Father's house, by long years of faithful service as mortal man ever gave to a cause; and Biship Nibley, I shall not abdicate that right, or exercise it in a bondsman's key, but as a free son of God, who has a right to be heard."
folder 25: General--Russell, Isaac K. (8:25) (1912) (1920)
1912, Isaac K. Russell to Bishop F. S. Spalding.
Writes his study of the Egyptian papyri held in the Metropolitan Museum of Art, at the request of Bishop Spalding. He attempts to answer Spalding's questions about the "Book of Abraham" and B. H. Roberts's comments on it.
1920, Isaac K. Russell to B. H. Roberts.
Letters from various eastern cities between January and June. Russell writes about Utah and his own "revisionist" brand of Mormon history. He describes his conflict with various L.D.S. church authorities and their apparent "game of starve-out" to deny him the recognition he feels is his due.
9 January 1920, Minneapolis, Minnesota, Isaac K. Russell to B. H. Roberts.
Russell feels that Utah and Mormon historians have neglected or ignored the contributions of people in the territory prior to the arrival of the Mormon settlers and written favoring Brigham Young and the Young family. Russell claims "we are indebted much more directly than I supposed to both Cooke and Kearny for the success of the Mormon Pioneers."
12 February 1920, Washington, D. C., Issac K. Russell to B. H. Roberts.
Russell, who was an American volunteer in the Philippines and possibly served under Richard W. Young, writes in a postscript that he "was darn glad to read that you [Roberts] were away from Salt Lake at the big R. W. Y. funeral." Russell feels that Young "hogged honors in the Phillippines" to win an undeserved brevet rank.
6 March 1920, Woodhaven, Long Island, New York, Isaac K. Russell to B. H. Roberts.
As part of his continuing efforts to see the trappers, early explorers, and members of the Mormon Battalion given credit for their contributions in the settlement of Utah, Russell wrote an article rejecting the thesis that Brigham Young was responsible for the use of irrigation in the arid west. He asked for the opinion of Roberts regarding its possible publication. In the cover letter to the manuscript, Russell also expressed his opinion of Brigham Young and his feelings that persecution of the L.D.S. church was often based on something more than religious tenants.
12 June 1920, New York City, New York, Isaac K. Russell to B. H. Roberts.
Because of a conversation with John W. Young and the Widtsoes in which Mrs. Widtsoe inquired if he (Russell) knew that "B. H. Roberts is trying to take away the credit from the Pioneers for starting irrigation in Utah?" Russell writes wanting to know if anyone else has seen his manuscript on irrigation. Russell also informs Roberts of his various confrontations with church officials, his opinion that the L.D.S. church authorities wish leadership to remain in the hands of "men of independent means and men of insurance agencies and sugar stocks," and of his lack of recognition for efforts on behalf of the L.D.S. church.
folder 26: General--Russell, Isaac K. (8:26) (1920)
Isaac K. Russell to B. H. Roberts.
Letters written from New York between August and November. Russell writes about his further research into Mormon history and the role he feels Joseph Smith and the Mormon Battalion had in securing the West for the United States. He continually speaks of the jealousy of the Young family and their attempts to keep any but Brigham Young from receiving "any place in the Pioneer story." He feels the whole L.D.S. church leadership, the "Young-Cannon faction," is committed to perpetuating the myths surrounding Brigham Young, including the irrigation issue which he further discusses. Russell writes he has sent letters to Heber J. Grant (and sends a carbon of one he sent to Grant for Roberts) explaining his position and expressing his opinion that the jealousy of the Youngs is behind the lack of enthusiasm for a monument to the Mormon Battalion, which Roberts is promoting (See folder 29).
7 August, Woodhaven, Long Island, New York, Isaac K. Russell to B. H. Roberts.
"You have also got to blast off that fool story that Brigham Young led a forlorn band across trackless wastes to an unknown land. The Pioneers carried out a policy matured by Joseph Smith who knew all about the Far West and the American need to take it and check British agressio[n] with its advanced outpost in our own Ogden valley."
2 September, New York City, New York, Isaac K. Russell to B. H. Roberts.
"I can't imagine you care about the irrigation Item one way or the other. I would like to write President Grant that it does not matter and has no place in the [Mormon Battalion] monument design or inscription--and then test his strong assertion that this thing alone holds back his hearty support."
29 November, New York City, New York, Isaac K. Russell to B. H. Roberts.
"Well--isn't it funny. Our state is the only state in the Union where a legitimate interest in its natural story is stifled and those who would write it are choked off and practically banished from its scholarship and literature--put face to face with fatheads like John Q. at the News, and Levi Edgar at the U." Enclosed with this letter is a carbon copy of one of Russell's letters to Heber J. Grant in which he explains his position on Mormon history and defends Roberts against his detractors (See folder 29).
folder 27: General--Russell, Isaac K. (8:27) (1921)
1921, Isaac K. Russell to B. H. Roberts.
Letters written from New York between August and December. In this series of letters, Russell discusses his continuing argument with L.D.S. church authorities over Utah and Mormon history, claiming he has made some progress. He makes further remarks about church leaders using their ecclesiastical positions for their own personal benefit to the severe detriment of others. Russell writes Roberts of his intervention with L.D.S. church President Heber J. Grant in Roberts's behalf regarding the writing of the history of the church and of other correspondence with Grant.
1 September, New York City, New York, Isaac K. Russell to B. H. Roberts.
"I don't know when anything has made me feel as indignant as I do over what they have done to you in the matter of your six volume history of the Church. "What they have done to you, however, is precisely and exactly what they did in the case of every person hereabouts with whom I have seen the new administration deal."
7 November, Woodhaven, Long Island, New York, Isaac K. Russell to B. H. Roberts.
"I then suggested that he [Heber J. Grant] could inspire all of us with the fact that we could work in the hopes of getting a square deal, eventually, if he would rescue you and your work from Widtsoe and Jos F. Jr. and give you the square deal that alone could build morale in ours or any other organization."
12 November, New York City, New York, Isaac K. Russell to B. H. Roberts.
Of his visit and discussion with Heber J. Grant, Russell writes that Grant "went all over the Thatcher thing, and for the first time I learned that a Bullion Beck Company quarrel was at the center of that disruption of the Quorum of the Tweleve."
folder 28: General--Russell, Isaac K. (8:28) (1922)
22 January, Chicago, Illinois, Isaac K. Russell to B. H. Roberts.
Writes of his new job with the American Bankers Association, and his conflict with the L.D.S. church leadership as the cause for leaving his journalistic position in New York. Russell encloses a carbon copy of his latest letter to Heber J. Grant in which he fully expresses his dissatisfaction and resentment at his treatment by the church leadership.
folder 29: General--Russell, Isaac K. (8:29) (1920)
16 August, Santa Monica, California, Heber J. Grant, president of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints to Isaac K. Russell.
This letter, in answer to one Russell sent defending B. H. Roberts and the proposed monument to the Mormon Battalion (see Folder 26, 29 November 1920), is a repudiation of every point in Russell's letter. Grant does not feel that either Russell or Roberts have proved their case regarding irrigation in the valley. He also rejects Russell's assertion that the Young family is jealously guarding the limelight for themselves, saying, "I am inclined to think that even you have a very high opinion of your grandfather [Parley P. Pratt] and that you are jealous of his securing all the credit that is his just due."
23 September, Salt Lake City, Utah, Heber J. Grant to Isaac K. Russell.
Grant writes he will reply to Russell's lengthy letter another time and assures him of the respect in which B. H. Roberts is held by the L.D.S. church leadership. Grant also tells Russell to go ahead with his articles "on the difficulties of trying to break the market" on sugar, as he is "sure that all of the Directors of the Utah-Idaho Sugar Company would very much appreciate these articles, including myself, although there is no danger at all of my getting into trouble [with the federal government] because I voted no on the proposition of raising the price."
folder 30: General--Russell, Isaac K. (8:30) (1920)
2 November, Salt Lake City, Utah, John A. Widtsoe, president of the University of Utah, to Isaac K. Russell.
The letter is a mild defense of Brigham Young and his role in opening the West, without detracting from the contributions of others. He gives his opinion about the controversy which has developed over the monument to the Mormon Battalion, writing that the idea of the Battalion being responsible for irrigation "was a mistake, and led to a temporary controversy, which ... is not heard once in a thousand times in Utah."
folder 31: General--Talmage, James E. (8:31) (1933)
James E. Talmage to B. H. Roberts with carbon copy of reply.
Talmage compliments Roberts on his book and inquires about a reference for a questionable passage. Roberts replies that the passage is an error and he corrects the item.
folder 32: General--Veterans Administration (8:32) (1931)
Letters to and from the regional offices regarding Roberts's disability allowance.
folder 33: General--Wells, Emeline B. (8:33) (1910)
20 March, The White House, Waterloo [Ward], Salt Lake City, Utah, Emeline B. Wells to B. H. Roberts.
Friendly letter thanking Roberts for his gift of white roses on the occasion of her birthday. Typed transcript included.
folder 34: General--Miscellaneous (8:34) (1918-1935)
Correspondence from friends and acquaintances arranged by date.
Included are letters from 1934 and 1935 about the erection of a graveside monument by the missionaries who served in the Eastern States Mission while B. H. Roberts was mission president.
folder 35: Book of Mormon (8:35) (1921-1922)
Letters exchanged among William E. Riter, James E. Talmage, R. V. Chamberlin, George W. Middleton, and B. H. Roberts.
Letters prompted by five questions asked of Riter by a Mr. Couch of Washington, D. C., regarding some inconsistancies in the Book of Mormon. Mr. Couch wondered how the Book of Mormon could be reconciled with the scientific knowledge concerning the rapidity of language change and the presence in America during that time period of horses, steel, scimeters, and silk. Riter sent the questions to Talmage who forwarded them to Roberts for his consideration. The questions were reviewed and answered in lengthy letters from Chamberlin and Middleton before Roberts framed his final reply to Riter to pass on to Couch. It was this correspondence, and the lack of sufficient answers, which prompted Roberts's research into this standard religious text of the L.D.S. church. The research resulted in his "Book of Mormon Difficulties," which was an explanation and defense of the Book of Mormon. Roberts continued his research as other aspects of the Book of Mormon seemed to demand further explanation. His second manuscript "A Book of Mormon Study" may not have been submitted to the church authorities for their discussion and comments, as Roberts was disappointed in the results of a meeting concerning the first book. (See also folders 18 and 20, correspondence from Heber J. Grant and Richard R. Lyman).
series: III. Book of Mormon Research
box 4: Book of Mormon Research
Photostatic copies of the manuscripts in this box have been bound and are in Box 9. Specific copy location is indicated in parentheses following each folder title. The first number is the box number, the second, preceeded by Bk, is the book number within the given box. The "Book of Mormon Difficulties" is a ribbon copy of a typescript with handwritten notes and revisions presumably made by B. H. Roberts. A bound copy of this work, which has been widely circulated, is lacking the second chapter which is available in this collection.
folder 1: "Book of Mormon Difficulties"--Introduction (9:Bk 1)
The introduction consists of a letter sent to L.D.S. church President Heber J. Grant and the First Council of the Twelve. The letter explains how questions from Mr. Couch prompted Roberts's interest in investigating the Book of Mormon. He is submitting the manuscript so that as a collective group they may find further and more complete answers to the questions asked. (See also box 3, folders 18 and 35).
folder 2: "Book of Mormon Difficulties"--Chapter I: Linguistics (9:Bk 1)
Roberts examines the question of language diversity among the American Indians given the Book of Mormon precept that the present Indians are descended from the ancient Hebrews. Mr. Couch questions that diversity could develop from the highly sophisticated Hebrew language in the time period allowed in the Book of Mormon chronology.
folder 3: "Book of Mormon Difficulties"--Chapter II: Domestic Animals, Metals, Grains (9:Bk 1)
Roberts addresses himself to the question "Were Domestic Animals--Horses, Asses, Oxen, Cows, Sheep, Swine; Iron and Steel; Swords and Scimeters; Silk, Wheat, barley, and Wheel Vehicles known to Native American Races in Pre-Columbian, and within Historic Times?" Roberts's concern is to reconcile Book of Mormon statements with scientific knowledge in these areas.
folder 4: "Book of Mormon Difficulties"--Chapter III: Origin of Races and Culture (9:Bk 1)
Although not a question posed by Mr. Couch, Roberts felt it necessary to consider the origin of the native Americans and their culture in light of the various theories propounded both for and against their being of European, Asiatic, or Hebraic origin. Roberts finally appeals to his colleagues in the L.D.S. church to consider the problems presented and do their utmost to discover solutions because "In the last analysis of things silence would be acknowledgement of deafeat [sic]."
"A Book of Mormon Study" is composed of two parts. All but three pages of Part I is a typed ribbon copy, but Part II is a carbon copy of a typescript. Both parts contain handwritten notes and revisions presumably made by Roberts. The main portion of Part I is an indepth comparison of Ethan Smith's , first published in 1823, and the Book of Mormon, published in 1830 by Joseph Smith. Part II is titled "Internal Evidence That the Book of Mormon is of Human Origin-Considered." See box 9, folders 1-6 for another version of Part II, Chapters I to VI, of "A Book of Mormon Study."
folder 5: "A Book of Mormon Study"--Folder Notation
Copies of notes made by Roberts on the folder containing copy of "A Book of Mormon Study."
folder 6: "A Book of Mormon Study"--Part I, Chapter I (9:Bk 2)
"Introductory: Literature Available to Joseph Smith as a Ground-Plan for the Book of Mormon." Roberts assessed the possible influence on Joseph Smith of contemporary books on American antiquities.
folder 7: "A Book of Mormon Study "--Part I, Chapter II (9:Bk 2)
"Ethan Smith's Book, 'View of the Hebrews', as Structural Material for the Book of Mormon: Unity of the American Race: American Language from One Source-the Hebrew." Consideration of the possible use of Ethan Smith's book by Joseph Smith in light of its local availability, and a summary of the book's contents. (See also a parallel of these two works by Roberts in box 3, folder 20.)
folder 8: "A Book of Mormon Study"--Part I, Chapter III (9:Bk 2)
"Outline of Book of Mormon Features." Summary of the Book of Mormon as a history of a people in six areas: origin, migrations, divisions in the New World, fate of the people and their civilization, religion, and the prophecies of their future.
folder 9: "A Book of Mormon Study"--Part I, Chapter IV (9:Bk 2)
"'View of the Hebrews', and the Ground Plan of the Book of Mormon: Time, Place and Race, Subject Matter-Destruction of Jersualem and the Scattering of Israel: Restoration of Judah and Israel: Quotations from Isaiah." This and the following chapters are more detailed comparisons of the and the Book of Mormon.
folder 10: "A Book of Mormon Study"--Part I, Chapter V (9:Bk 2)
"'View of the Hebrews', and the Ground Plan of the Book of Mormon; The Eighteenth Chapter of Isaiah; An Address to 'Christian' America? Relation of Gentile America to Hebrew America."
folder 11: "A Book of Mormon Study"--Part I, Chapter VI 9:Bk 2)
"Migrations of Ethan Smith's 'Ten Lost Tribes of Israel', and the Book of Mormon Peoples to the New World, Journey to the Land 'Where Never Man Dwelt-Parallels, 'Ethan'--'Ether'."
folder 12: "A Book of Mormon Study"--Part I, Chapter VII (9:Bk 2)
"'View of the Hebrews'; and the Ground Plan of the Book of Mormon; Structural Material. The American Race Separated into Two Divisions--Civilized and Barbarous in Both Books."
folder 13: "A Book of Mormon Study"--Part I, Chapter VIII (9:Bk 2)
"'View of the Hebrews'; and the Ground Plan of the Book of Mormon; Structural Material--Did the Suggested Traits of Civilization of Ethan Smith's Book, Suggest the Traits of the Nephite Civilization? Mechanic Arts, Letters, Navagation, Use of Iron."
folder 14: "A Book of Mormon Study"--Part I, Chapter IX (9:Bk 2)
"Theory of Ten Lost Tribes Sustained by Argument: Unity of Race: Extent of Occupancy of the New World: Sameness of Language: Hebrew Origin: Translation: Whence Urim and Thummim."
folder 15: "A Book of Mormon Study"--Part I, Chapter X (9:Bk 2)
"The Trait of the Worship of One God-Idolatry and Human Sacrifice: Regard for the Poor: Polygamy and Chastity--Parallels."
folder 16: "A Book of Mormon Study"--Part I, Chapter XI (9:Bk 2)
"Miscellaneous Traits Common to Ethan Smith's 'View of the Hebrews' and the Book of Mormon: The Last Book of God: The Culture of a Written Language: Migrations: A Touch of Egypt."
folder 17: "A Book of Mormon Study"--Part I, Chapter XII (9:Bk 2)
"Miscellaneous Traits Common to Ethan Smith's View of the Hebrews and the Book of Mormon: Military and Sacred Towers: From Monarchies to Republics: Opposition in All Things: The Hunters Feast and Laying the Foundation of Zion."
folder 18: "A Book of Mormon Study"--Part I, Chapter XIII (9:Bk 2)
"The Messiah in the New World-Quetzalcoatl."
folder 19: "A Book of Mormon Study"--Part I, Chapter XIV (9:Bk 2)
"The Imaginative Mind of Prophet Joseph Smith: Evidence of Its Existence-Examples of Its Force."
folder 20: "A Book of Mormon Study"--Part II, Chapter I (9:Bk 3)
"The Want of Perspective and Consistency in the Alleged Historical Incidents of the Book of Mormon. Parallel Between Nephite and Jaredite Migrations. Special Difficulties of the Jaredite Sea Voyage."
folder 21: "A Book of Mormon Study"--Part II, Chapter II (9:Bk 3)
"Parallels in Nephite and Jaredite Traits and Incidents After Arrival in the New World: The Problem of Solomon's Temple: Kings, Nephite and Jaredite: Things Miraculous That Test Credulity."
folder 22: "A Book of Mormon Study"--Part II, Chapter III (9:Bk 3)
"Parallels Found in Nephite Traits and Incidents in Different Nephite Periods: Anti-Christs-Sherem, Nehor, Korihor."
folder 23: "A Book of Mormon Study"--Part II, Chapter IV (9:Bk 3)
"Parallels Continued, War Chieftains-War Methods and Principles-Miracles and Absurdities-Nephite and Jaredite War of Extinction-The Question of History or Wonder-Tale."
folder 24: "A Book of Mormon Study"--Part II, Chapter V (9:Bk 3)
"Parallelism in the Book of Mormon! The Similarity of Conversions in the Different Periods of Book of Mormon History: and the Likeness of These to the Christian Conversions of the Period and Vicinage When and Where the Book of Mormon was 'Translated' and Published."
folder 25: "A Book of Mormon Study"--Part II, Chapter VI (9:Bk 3)
box 5: Book of Mormon Research, Writings, and Miscellaneous
Photostatic copies of items in this box are located in Box 10. Specific copy location is indicated in parentheses following each folder title. The first number is the box, the second indicates the folder within that box. Not every item in this box has been copied. Materials without a photocopy have been indicated.
folder 1: Book of Mormon Research--Campbell, Alexander
(Boston: Benjamin H. Green, 1832), Reprint 1925.
folder 2: Book of Mormon Research--Ivins, Anthony W.
"The Book of Mormon Bears Witness of Christ," , vol. 89, nos. 39-40, pp. 609-614, 625-631.
folder 3: Book of Mormon Research--Sjodahl, Janne Mattson
"Book of Mormon Facts," , June 1922, pp. 305-309.
At the bottom of the first page of the article is a handwritten note stating "The article herein is of the kind that makes our Mormon argument contemptible. R."
folder 4: Book of Mormon Research--Article Extracts
Crawford, M. D. C., "The Master Weavers of the Desert Empire," , July 1916.
Portions of an article about the quality of cloth made by ancient Peruvians.
Ellis, William, "Polynesian Researches," undated.
Notes compiled by D. M. McAllister about the relationship of the native Americans to the people of Polynesia.
Wyman, W. E., no title, undated.
Notes about horses in the New World.
folder 5: Book of Mormon Research--Early Publications
Lists, extracts, and title pages from publications about American antiquities, the origin of American Indians, and geography used for Roberts's "A Book of Mormon Study."
folder 6: Book of Mormon Research--Smith, Joseph
"Joseph Smith's Account of the Origin of Mormonism."
Holograph copy in a cardboard cover. Penman unknown.
folder 7: Book of Mormon Research--Notes
Notes and references for information about the Book of Mormon.
Handwritten and typed.
folder 8: Book of Mormon Research--Book of Abraham
Egyptian hyroglyphic characters. Facsimiles of three pages.
series: IV. Writings
box 5: Book of Mormon Research, Writings, and Miscellaneous
folder 9: Publications--Lists (10:4) (1892-1911)
"List of the Works of B. H. Roberts with the Date of Publication of First Editions," 1892-1911.
"Discourses," 1901-1912, by B. H. Roberts.
List with titles and dates.
folder 10: Publications--Pamphlets
Roberts, B. H. (Independence, Missouri: Zion's Printing and Publishing Company); Roberts, B. H., (Salt Lake City: Deseret News Company); Roberts, B. H., (Salt Lake City: Deseret News Company); Roberts, B. H., "The Larger Vision of the Land of Zion," , pp. 373-375.
folder 11: Manuscripts--Church and Politics (10:5)
"Doctrine of the Church Respecting Earthly Governments - The Relations of Church & State."
Typescript with handwritten revisions.
folder 12: Manuscripts--Church and Politics (10:6)
"Respecting the Relations of the Church to the State and the Use of What is Commonly Called 'Church Influence' in Politics."
Includes a series of half-sheets dealing with the inquiry over L.D.S. church influence of Senator and church Apostle Reed Smoot. Typescript with handwritten revisions.
folder 13: Manuscripts--Church and Politics (10:7) (ca. 1907)
Untitled--Re: Union of Church and State.
Concerned with officially stated church policy regarding "ecclesiastic interference with ... political freedom." Carbon of a typescript with handwritten insertions and revisions.
folder 14: Manuscripts--Church and Politics (10:8) (ca. 1908)
"'Mormon' Church Influence in Politics."
Also concerned with the propriety of having Reed Smoot represent both church and state. Carbon of a typescript.
folder 15: Manuscripts--Church and Politics (10:9) (1909)
21 January, Statement to Francis M. Lyman and the Council of Twelve regarding "the principles and policies of the Church in its relations to civil government." The cover letter explains that this thirty-eight page manuscript is Roberts written opinion requested on the subject. Carbon of a typescript with handwritten insertions and revisions.
folder 16: Manuscripts--Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints
"Economic Aspects of the Career of the Mormons."
Introduction and editorial notes by Dean May. Photocopy of a typescript.
folder 17: Manuscripts--Isaac K. Russell (10:10)
Untitled article of "grizzley bear tales."
Possibly written for newspaper publication. Carbon copy of a typescript with handwritten additions and revisions.
folder 18: Speeches (10:11) (1914)
Opening political speech for the election campaign of 1914.
Included in Roberts's remarks are statements about Senator Reed Smoot's possible reelection. Handwritten additions and revisions. Carbon copy of a typescript on half-size sheets of paper.
folder 19: Speeches (10:12) (1916)
8 April, Jefferson Day Banquet speech, Hotel Utah, Salt Lake City.
Typescript with handwritten revisions, much is crossed out as though deleted in the oral presentation.
folder 20: Speeches (10:13) (1916)
16 September, Notes on a speech to introduce William Jennings Bryan in Salt Lake City, Utah. Holograph.
folder 21: Speeches (10:14) (1918)
November, "The Men Who Died of Spanish Influenza in the Camp of the 145th F.A.," Remarks made by Chaplain Roberts at Camp De Souge, France.
Includes a list of fourteen names with rank and date of death. Typescript.
folder 22: Speeches (10:15) (1918)
November, "Speech of Chaplain B. H. Roberts At Memorial Services Early in November, 1918, Over the Graves of His Comrades at Camp De Souge France."
This speech is essentially the same as the pre-ceeding one. Typescript of a recording made by Mae Noall on 12 February 1932, in Salt Lake City, Utah.
folder 23: Speeches (10:16)
"Mr. Roberts Withdraws from the Gubernatorial Race."
Roberts alludes to pressure from the "dominant Church in Utah" and the adverse effect his continued candidacy may have on the Democraticparty as his reasons for withdrawal. Holograph written in the first person singular and signed "B. H. Roberts."
folder 24: Speeches (10:17)
"Senator Reed Smoot's Slander of President Wilson."
Roberts asks Senator Smoot for a full, public explanation and "bill of particulars" regarding Smoot's inuendos about Wilson's character. Carbon copy of a typescript with handwritten alterations.
folder 25: Speeches--Smoot, Reed (10:18) (1925)
14 October, Speech made at the Columbia Theatre in Provo, Utah.
series: V. Miscellanneous
box 5: Book of Mormon Research, Writings, and Miscellaneous
folder 26: World War I--"My Reasons for Enlistment" (10:19) (1917)
20 December, written from Camp Kearny, California, to his eldest sons, Benjamin and Harold. Roberts explains that he feels this is a "war to end war itself" and he has enlisted for a number of reasons. He encouraged others to enlist and wanted the Roberts family to be represented, but, because of obligations or the age of others, felt he was the logical one to go. His major reason seems to be his desire to redeem his honor so his posterity cannot be reproached over his incarceration for polygamy or his being denied his seat in Congress. He also says that his enlistment is in service to the L.D.S. church as most of the men of the First Utah Field Artillery are members. Typescript.
folder 27: World War I--Honorable Discharge Papers (10:20) (1919)
B. H. Roberts's "Special Orders" giving him an honorable discharge, 25 January--tattered carbon copy. Honorable Discharge certificate, 28 January. "Memorandum of information" about B. H. Roberts's Compensation and War Risk Insurance.
folder 28: World War I--"A World Wide Application of the Monroe Doctrine, the Purpose of the Present World War"
Summary of a speech made to the Telephone Society Number Thirteen printed in the
folder 29: World War I--"God and the World War of 1914" (10:21) (1914-1915)
Four-part article arranged by B. H. Roberts. Within each portion are comments by Roberts in conjunction with excerpts on the subject from various magazines of 1914 and 1915. The article deals with the challenge of survival presented to modern civilization and Christianity by a major world war.
folder 30: World War I--"Agnostic View of God in the War" (10:22) (1916)
Article appeared in the for 22 January 1916 and is a brief debate between the Reverand R. J. Campbell and an avowed agnostic, Robert Blatchford. Typescript of article.
folder 31: World War I--"Christianity and the War" (10:23) (1916)
Notes taken from an article by J. W. Carlial in the for January 1916, pages 256 to 267. Handwritten.
folder 32: World War I--Pamphlets (1917) (1919)
Anderson, Edward H., "In the Footsteps of their Forefathers," , undated, pages, 321-329.
Article about the march to "Old Town" from Camp Kearny, California, by the descendants of the Mormon Battalion, including B. H. Roberts, serving in the 145th Field Artillery during World War I.
(Deseret News Book Store, April 1917).
Comprises President Woodrow Wilson's Address, War Resolution of Congress, President's Proclamation, Theodore Roosevelt's Comment, President Poincare's Message, and President Wilson's Reply to King George. Handwritten marginal notes and one page of typed remarks on the Monroe Doctrine.
"The War Message and Facts Behind It: Annotated Text of President Wilson's Message, April 2, 1917," , No. 1, June 1917 (Washington, D. C.: Committee on Public Information).
Handwritten marginal notes and underlined passages.
(Washington, D. C.: Committee on Public Information, 15 June 1917). Includes the President's messages of 22 January and 2 April 1917.
Van Vorst, B., (Paris: Lang, Blanchong and Co., ca. 1919). Summary of American service in France during the First World War.
folder 33: World War I--Dedication Program (1927)
8 October, program and invitation to the dedication ceremonies for a monument to the 145th United States Field Artillery (First Utah) in Memory Park, Salt Lake City, Utah.
folder 34: World War I--Agreement (10:24) (1933)
20 September, agreement between Lewis A. Ramsey and B. H. Roberts for Ramsey to "execute in oil painting on board canvass (20" x 30") a picture to be copied from an enlarged kodack picture taken . . . of the battalion of the 145th F.A. (First Utah) in closing prayers of the regular Sunday services." Ramsey was to receive payment of $350.00. Included is a printed statement which describes the picture and why it was taken. The faded photograph and an enlargement have been placed in the Multimedia Division of Special Collections.
folder 35: World War I--Statistics (10:25) (ca. 1919)
"Mobilized Strength and Casualty Losses of the Belligerents."
Tattered carbon copy of a typescript with handwritten additions.
folder 36: Newspaper Clippings--World War I (10:26) (1919)
13 September, article from the in defense of the peace treaty ending World War I. The article is a speech given in the Tabernacle on 8 September in reply to an attack on the treaty by Major J. Reuben Clark on 2 September. Roberts defends the treaty and the proposed League of Nations on political and religious grounds.
folder 37: Newspaper Clippings--World War I (10:27) (1914-1933)
Articles by and about B. H. Roberts and his role as a chaplain during the war.
folder 38: Newspaper Clippings--Personal (10:28) (1901-1934)
Articles about B. H. Roberts, including lengthy obituaries.
folder 39: Newspaper Clippings--Personal (10:29) (1910) (1924)
Obituaries for Roberts's mother, Ann Everington Roberts Nichols Dustin Woolley, and his third wife, Dr. Margaret Curtis Shipp Roberts.
folder 40: Newspaper Clippings--Personal (10:30) (1908-1913)
Articles about Loa Roberts, B. H. Roberts's daughter, an acting student with the University of Utah Dramatic Club under the direction of Maud May Babcock.
folder 41: Miscellaneous--Perpetual Emigrating Fund (10:31) (1862) (1869)
Promissary Note for $114.27 drawn from the Fund by Ann Roberts in 1862 and one 1869 receipt for $100.51 for work done on the Utah Central Railroad by B. H. Roberts applied toward payment of the loan. Also included is an envelope marked "emergration."
folder 42: Miscellaneous--Notice of Location (10:32) (1903)
6 August, copy of Notice of Location of the "B. H. Roberts Placer Petroleum & Hydrocarbon Claim," with a letter asking to have the Utah County Recorder record the document. Holograph.
folder 43: Miscellaneous--Copyrights (10:33) (1907, 1908)
Library of Congress copyright certificates for , Volume I, 1907; , 1907; , 1908.
folder 44: Miscellaneous--Bills (1928) (1931)
Two bills sent to Roberts, one from a pharmacy and one from a tailor.
folder 45: Miscellaneous--Tribune (10:34) (1906)
13 March, "God's Herald of the Resurrection--Woman." Signed "B H Roberts" with the notation "Written and sent to my Mother on the 49th anniversary of my own birth." Typescript.
folder 46: Miscellaneous--Poetry and Songs (10:35) (1880-1924)
21 April 1880, "Reflections Inspired by once more standing on the banks of the ," signed "B H Roberts.
1917 (corrected copy 19 October 1926), "Native Land: An American War Song," adapted from "Maryland, Maryland," by Roberts on the entrance of the United States into World War I. Holograph.
13 March 1924, "Many Happy Returns of the Day." The holograph copy contains a note by Roberts that this is a song his mother and sisters used to sing to him as a child so for his birthday his sister Annie wrote it from memory for him. Holograph and typescript.
folder 47: Miscellaneous--World Fellowship of Faith (10:36) (1933)
Information leaflets, programs, and clippings about the World Fellowship of Faith to be held in Chicago. Heber J. Grant and Senator Reed Smoot were invited to speak, but B. H. Roberts was appointed to go in their place. Included in the folder is a letter from Grant informing Roberts of this appointment and enclosing a copy of Grant's letter to the head of the conference.
series: VI. Books
box 6: Books
There are no photostatic copies of items in this box or of the books kept in the safe. Books 4-6 are only available upon request from the Manuscripts Division curator.
volume 1: Strang Pamphlets, Etc.
Volume, probably privately bound, of pamphlets about James Jesse Strang and his claim to head the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints when its founder Joseph Smith died. There are two newspaper clippings on the same subject fastened into the volume.
volume 2: Roberts, Brigham Henry, The "Falling Away," or the World's Loss of Christian Religion and Church Discourses Delivered Over Radio Station KSL, Salt Lake City, Sunday Eveninqs from March 10 to June 30, 1929. (Salt Lake City: Deseret Book Company) (1931)
The book is inscribed "To my Son Woodrow - Xmas 1931. From Grandfather The Author." (See also 13:3.)
volume 3: Roberts, Brigham Henry, Rasha--The Jew: A Message To All Jews (Salt Lake City: Deseret News Press) (1932)
This volume is inscribed "To Loa, My Daughter, Loving Xmas Remmbrance [sic] Dec 23rd, 1932 B H Roberts Author."
volume 4: Book of Mormon Palmyra (1930)
Original, first edition inscribed "B H Roberts Book." The book is annotated throughout in Roberts's handwriting. There are corrections of grammar and punctuation as well as notes concerning changes in the new edition of the Book of Mormon. Portions are underlined and there are annotations with references to the Doctrine and Covenants and remarks about the questions which prompted Roberts to write his "Book of Mormon Difficulties." There appear to be more marginal notes at the beginning of the volume. Pages 319 and 320 are missing, and a marginal note acknowledges this.
volume 5: Doctrine and Covenants (Liverpool: John Henry Smith, 1884), Third Electrotype Edition (1884)
Personal copy belonging to B. H. Roberts with copious notes throughout which compare the original Book of Commandments with the Doctrine and Covenants. Some lengthy comparisons were written on small sheets of paper and glued into place in the volume.
volume 6: The Camp-Meeting Hymn Book: Containing the Most Approved Hymns and Spiritual Songs, Used by the Methodist Connexion in the United States (Rochester: Marshall and Dean) (1832)
Inscribed "Presented to B H Roberts June 7/22 By Old Book Store Proprieter at Rochester, 67 Spring St. B H Roberts."
series: VII. Photographic Copies
box 7: Personal--Journals, Family Records, Notebooks, Certificates, Miscellaneous
Original copies of items in the box are located in box 2
box 8: Correspondence--Family, General, Book of Mormon
Original copies of items in this box located in box 3.
box 9: Book of Mormon Research
box 10: Book of Mormon Research--Writings, Miscellaneous
Originals of these items are located in box 5.
series: VIII. Brigham Young University Materials
These items are photocopies from the collection housed at Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah.
box 11: Personal, Young Men's Mutual Improvement Association
folder 1: Personal--Family Correspondence (1895-1927)
20 September 1895, Centerville, Utah, Lena Roberts (daughter) to "Dear Papa."
Tells him about her eleventh birthday and, briefly, the family's health.
9 November 1914, Salt Lake City, Utah, B. H. Roberts to "My Dear Sister Polly" (Mary Ann Martha Roberts [Mrs. James Day]).
Letter transmitting an unplanned photograph of himself and an oil painting of his father taken in Roberts's "work shop."
31 July 1922, no location. B. H. Roberts to "My Dear Daughter (Georgia Roberts).
Letter to his daughter serving a mission in Albany, New York, telling her about his activities and about monetary affairs relative to her release from her brief mission.
7 September 1922, no location, B. H. Roberts to "My Dear Daughter" (Georgia Roberts).
Writing as her mission president, Roberts informs Georgia of her honorable release from the mission field.
9 March 1927, no location, B. H. Roberts to "My Dear Georgia" (daughter).
Letter transmitting a series of tracts he has written and giving her the news of the mission field.
folder 2: Personal--Correspondence: Moses Thatcher (1896)
6 November 1896, Cincinnati, Ohio, B. H. Roberts to Moses Thatcher.
After greetings and a review of his health and the success of church meetings, Roberts launches into a ten-page reply to a letter from Thatcher about Thatcher's "standing in the Church and the course the brethren have taken" in dealing with him. The problem stems from the political activities of Thatcher and Roberts, both Democrats, in the campaigns of 1895. After the elections that year the L.D.S. church authorities issued the "Political Manifesto" which enjoined churchmen to obtain permission from higher authorities before running for public office. Roberts made his peace with the "Authorities" and signed the manifesto; Thatcher did not. Roberts mentions his conversation with the church presidency over allusions that there were "some shortcomings" in Thatcher's behavior. He reported to Thatcher that "President Cannon was especially emphatic in saying it was wrong and went on to explain at some length that had you seen your way to have united with your Brethren in signing that document, your name would have been presented to the Conference [for affirmation as an apostle] as usual." Roberts advises Thatcher not to jepordize his church standing, but to see the right of the "Authorities" and make his peace with the brethren. (See also letter from Matthew F. Cowley to Roberts in 3:15 and 8:15, and Isaac K. Russell's letter to Roberts of 12 November 1921 in 3:27 and 8:27.)
folder 3: Personal--Correspondence: United States Congress (1899)
15 December, two telegrams regarding the presence of J. R. Letcher as a witness in the House of Representatives proceedings to keep B. H. Roberts from taking his seat as the duly elected representative from Utah. The second telegram states Letcher cannot come to Washington, D. C., but a deposition is enclosed regarding Roberts's plural marriages. (See also 1:Bk 1:202-209; 2:15; 3:13; 5:38; 8:13; 10:28.)
folder 4: Personal--Correspondence: Miscellaneous (1911) (1912) (1932)
1911, solicitation for subscriptions to
1912, from Heber J. Grant, but the "enclosure" transmitted about "uncle Erastus" is not enclosed.
1932, regards from Alonzo A. Hinckley, California Mission president.
folder 5: Personal--Correspondence: Bust of B. H. Roberts (1946) (1965)
1946, receipt from Mahonri M. Young to Georgia Roberts Livingston for $300 for a bronze bust of B. H. Roberts.
1965, informs Georgia Roberts Livingston Mowry that the bust of B. H. Roverts can be displayed at the Brigham Young University Religion Department.
folder 6: Personal--Tributes (1931) (1933)
To B. H. Roberts, his life and work, most written as obituaries.
folder 7: Personal--Biographical Sketch: Ann Reed Everington (mother)
Brief sketch by Haven G. Day a grandson of Mary Ann Martha Roberts Day. From Eldon M. Stephenson, a descendant of Annie Roberts Willey about family history.
folder 8: Personal--Biographical Sketch: Celia Dibble Roberts (wife)
Sketch by Georgia Roberts Livingston about her mother, second wife of B. H. Roberts. Included are histories of some of the Dibble ancestors. Only a small portion is typed.
folder 9: Young Men's Mutual Improvement Association (1912-1913)
General Orders for the Pioneer Trail Party of Y.M.M.I.A. Scouts for 21 July 1912.
Series of form letters from B. H. Roberts as chairman of the Committee of Vocations and Industries of the General Board of Y.M.M.I.A. for 1913.
box 12: Eastern States Mission, Notebooks
folder 1: Eastern States Mission--Correspondence (1922-1926)
Two letters written to Roberts asking for proper references and spiritual citations; one letter from Roberts to Dr. Jane W. Skolfield explaining the circumstances regarding the possible early release of her daughter from a mission.
folder 2: Eastern States Mission--Instructions to Missionaries (1923-1927)
Form letters sent by Roberts as president of the Eastern States Mission to inform missionaries about mission school openings, instructions for "Campaigns," and other information.
folder 3: Eastern States Mission--Cumorah Conference (1923)
21-24 September, information about this conference held to commemorate the "one hundredth anniversary of the revealed existance of the Book of Mormon." Includes the menu and letters from Roberts to Eastern States missionaries concerning this conference and its results.
folder 4-5: Eastern States Mission--Birthday Congratulations (1923)
3-13 March, From friends and missionaries congratulating Roberts on reaching his sixty-sixth birthday.
folder 6: Notebooks--Bible Companion (1924)
Section I is labeled "Miscellaneous Notes" from his "War Time Bible." This forty-eight page portion includes an index. Section II is called a "Subject Outline Book" for 1924, which contains entries dealing with religion.
folder 7: Notebooks--Personal Scriptural Reference Book
Includes scriptures appropriate to various subjects and some poetry.
folder 8: Notebooks-- Americana Church History
Notes for the arrangement of Roberts's articles on L.D.S. church history, published over three years in , into volumes for publication as books.
folder 9: Notebooks--Pamphlet Notes
Six pages on Roberts's tract "Why Mormonism?" and seventeen pages on the "Needed Personal Qualities of a Missionary."
folder 10: Notebooks--Religious Subjects
Newsclippings, thirteen pages of an outline for "A Brief Series of Subjects on Fundamentals of the Gospel," and a chart of the "Historical Outline of Successive Dispensations.
folder 11: Notebooks--Religious Subjects
Twenty-three page outline of lessons for "Historical Outline of Successive Dispensations of the Gospel," and forty-four pages of Eastern States Mission school lesson outlines. There are also a number of other shorter entries on religious subjects such as life after death and morality.
folder 12: Notebooks--Religious Subjects
Brief remarks or thoughts on subjects arranged alphabetically. The only long entry is seventeen pages of notes about the Mormon Battalion.
folder 13: Notebooks--World War I and Religion
Outlines of remarks made during regimental services as well as notes about the effects of the war and religious subjects.
folder 14: Notebooks--Scrapbook Current No. I
Notes and remarks for articles under preparation for the , church magazine, and other miscellaneous notes.
box 13: Publications, Articles, Books, Miscellaneous
folder 1: Publications--Roberts, B. H. (1894)
(Salt Lake City: Deseret News Publishing Company).
The front pages include a newspaper clipping about the "Josephites" (Reorganized Church of Jesus Christ of Latter Day Saints), handwritten notes, and a copy of an article by B. H. Roberts titled "A Sufficient Answer to Josephites."
folder 2: Publications--Roberts, B. H. (1907)
Roberts's notes throughout.
folder 3: Publications--Roberts, B. H. (1931)
Handwritten notes throughout. (See also 6:Bk 2).
folder 4-7: Publications--Roberts, B. H. (1933)
Lesson I: "Preaching" (photocopy); Lesson II: "Extemporaneous Speaking" (photocopy); Lesson III: "The Narrative and Textual Methods of Speech" (original and photocopy); Lesson V: "Tracting" (original and photocopy).
folder 8: Publications--Roberts, B. H.
Pamphlets--bound volume of tracts, including (22 pages); , numbers one through five (40 pages); numbers one through four (79 pages); (15 pages); (16 pages); and including "The Relation of the Church to Christian Sects," "Origin and History of 'Mormonism,'" "Doctrines of the Church," "Church Organization," and "Present Status" (published in 1923, 78 pages).
folder 9-14: Articles-- Deseret News (1910-1932)
Clippings written by B. H. Roberts primarily on religious subjects, including sermon texts and series of articles titled "New Dispensation Thoughts."
folder 15: Articles--"A New Outlook Upon Mormonism"
Radio address by B. H. Roberts. Typescript.
folder 16: Articles--Untitled Discourse
Concerning L.D.S. church doctrine on God. Typescript with Roberts's handwritten notes.
folder 17: Books--Pearl of Great Price (1902)
Photocopy of Roberts's personal copy with notes throughout.
folder 18: Miscellaneous--Manuscripts
Four manuscripts, authors unidentified. "Bountiful (North Canyon Ward) History," "Statement of Rev. S. F. Whitney on Mormonism," "Science Again Evidences Mormon Philosophy," and "Notes on Lindburgh."
folder 19: Miscellaneous
B. H. Roberts's inscription from the flyleaf of John L. Emmett's set of the , a 1933 letter from "George" to "Miss Cook" asking about endowment of Joseph Smith and her reply, and remarks by Truman Madsen on Roberts's possible use of "The Hoofman Painting."
series: IX. ADDENDUM
box 14: Autobiography, Correspondence, Scrapbooks
folder 1-5: Autobiography
Chapters 1 through 5. Original typescript with carbon copy.
folder 6: Correspondence (1973)
Letter dated 23 December 1973 from Heber M. Holt to Grant Ivins about Roberts's Book of Mormon research. Photocopy.
folder 7: Scrapbook (1874-1889)
Clippings on Utah and the Mormons with handwritten notations.
folder 8: Scrapbook (1898)
Clippings and information on Roberts's congressional campaign.
volume 1: Scrapbook (1898)
Clippings and information on Roberts's congressional campaign.
box 15: Book of Mormon Difficulties, A Book of Mormon Study
folder 1-4: "Book of Mormon Difficulties"
Introductory material and chapters 1 through 3. Carbon copies with handwritten corrections and additions.
folder 5-18: "A Book of Mormon Study, Part I"
Chapters 1 through 14. Carbon copies with handwritten corrections and additions.
folder 19-24: "A Book of Mormon Study, Part II"
Chapters 1 through 6. Carbon copies with handwritten corrections and additions.
box 16: Book of Mormon Research, Miscellaneous
folder 1: View of the Hebrews
By Ethan Smith. Photocopy with Roberts's annotations.
folder 2: View of the Hebrews Comparison
Roberts's comparison of the Book of Mormon with Ethan Smith's work.
Original typescript with pencil corrections and additions.
folder 3-4: "A Parallel"
Written by Roberts comparing the Book of Mormon with Carbon of typescript with handwritten annotations and mimeographed copies.
folder 5: "The Newark Holy Stone"
Article on the discovery of the Newark Holy Stone and its exposure as a fraud. Original typescript and carbon copy.
folder 6-7: Book of Mormon Research
Includes the "Confession of Oliver Overstreet" and notes from publications contemporary with the Book of Mormon.
folder 8: Miscellaneous
These appear to be references to sources of information on Mormon history. Small, handwritten notes possibly made by Roberts.
folder 9: Miscellaneous
Recommendations and assessments of the B. H. Roberts papers formerly in the possession of Brigham E. Roberts by H. Michael Marquardt in 1977.
box 17: The Truth, the Way, the Life
box 18: The Truth, the Way, the Life
box 19: The Truth, the Way, the Life
box 20: Book of Mormon Difficulties, A Book of Mormon Study
This box contains photocopies of the material located in box 15.
box 21: Autobiography, Personal, and Young Men's Mutual Improvement Association Material
This box contains photocopies of material located in box 1 and 11.
folder 1-3: Autobiography
folder 4: Correspondence, Family (1895, 1914, 1922, 1927)
folder 5: Correspondence, Moses Thatcher (1896)
folder 6: Correspondence, Re: U.S. Congress
folder 7: Correspondence, Miscellaneous (1911, 1912, 1932)
folder 8: Correspondence, Re: Bust of B.H.R. (1946, 1965)
folder 9: Tributes (1931, 1933)
folder 10: Biographical Sketch: Ann Reed Everington
folder 11: Biographical Sketch: Celia Dibble Roberts
folder 12: Young Men's Mutual Improvement Association (1912-1913)
box 22: The Truth, the Way, the Life
box 23: History of the Mormon Church , Vols. 1-2
box 24: History of the Mormon Church , Vols. 4-5
box 25: History of the Mormon Church , Vol. 6
box 26: Robert's Annotated Books
Biographical Note/Historical Note +/-
Ann Everington Roberts was baptized into the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormon Church) in 1851. When a son was born to her and her husband, Benjamin, on 13 March 1857, in Warrington, Lancashire, England, he was named Brigham Henry Roberts in honor of the current leader of the Mormon Church, Brigham Young. Mrs. Roberts's desire to emigrate to Utah to "gather with the Saints in Zion," and Benjamin's lack of enthusiasm for his wife's religion drove a wedge between them. For some time they lived apart, until 1862 when Ann Roberts took her daughter Ann and baby son Thomas and left for America. The oldest daughter, Mary Ann Martha, was sent to relatives to work as an apprentice milliner, and Brigham Henry was placed with some new LDS Church members from Scotland until such time as their mother could raise funds to send for them.
Brigham Henry Roberts led a difficult, deprived life with the new converts, a stonecutter and his wife who traveled under various names and were not altogether honest. He narrowly escaped being apprenticed to a shoemaker and "sold" into the army as a drummer-boy. It was four years before Brigham Henry and his sister were sent from England to join their mother in Utah. They arrived in Salt Lake City in October of 1866 with the last group of pioneers to make the plains trip completely by wagon.
In the intervening four years a number of changes had taken place in the family. The baby, Thomas, a victim of hydrocephalus, had died and was buried near Chimney Rock. In March of 1863 Ann Roberts had married Wilham Nichols. Their marriage lasted only two and a half years before Nicholas was killed in an accident with a threshing machine. Brigham Henry and Mary Ann Martha arrived in Utah to find their mother a widow with a two-year-old daughter named Elizabeth Auddrey. The family settled in Bountiful in a small, unfinished house.
Brigham Henry was baptized into the LDS Church in 1867 by Seth Dustin and two years later, on April 5, Dustin became his stepfather. He brought his family of sons to live in the small house, completing the roof on the unfinished section. Life was uncomfortable for the two families living together, and Roberts never was close to his stepbrothers. Sometime in the years following, Dustin deserted the family. After several reappearances, he finally disappeared completely, and Ann Dustin was granted a divorce in 1884.
Between 1871 and 1874, B. H. Roberts lived and worked at the Dry Canyon Mine in the Ophir Mining District where his stepfather, Dustin, had financial interests. While he was at the mining camp, a half-sister, Byrnina Ann Dustin, was born July 17, 1872. Through the insistence of his mother, B. H. was brought home and apprenticed to a blacksmith, his father's trade. For three years he lived in Centerville learning to be a blacksmith and acquiring as much formal schooling as possible. Roberts read voraciously as he sought to make up for his neglected education, and attempted to free himself of objectionable habits he acquired living in the rough mining camp.
Because he did not relish the life of a blacksmith, Roberts took a job for the summer of 1877 riding the range for the Centerville Dairy Company. He started school at Deseret University that fall. Roberts studied hard, completing the two-year course at the normal school in one year, graduating as valedictorian.
On 31 January 1878, while completing his studies, Roberts married Sarah Louisa Smith, a daughter of William R. Smith, a member of the LDS Church presidency and prominent farmer. After graduation Roberts was ordained a Seventy in his local church branch. He taught school to support his family, which increased with the birth of Adah Everington Roberts on 17 February 1879. During 1880 Roberts began constructing a house on property acquired in Centerville while he was apprenticed to the blacksmith. The house remained unfinished for some time as Roberts was called on his first mission in March of 1880.
He was sent to Iowa and Nebraska, but because the cold weather was hard on his health, he was transferred to Tennessee in December of 1880. Roberts remained in Tennessee until he was "honorably released" in May of 1882. During that time he rose to prominence as the president of the Tennessee Conference of the Southern States Mission. His life pattern, working for the Mormon church, was firmly established.
Roberts taught school for a year before being "set aside" as assistant president of the eleven-states Southern States Mission under John Morgan. In April of 1883 he was back in Chattanooga, Tennessee, while a committee in Centerville completed his house. Six months later, in August, his oldest son Benjamin was born.
On 10 August 1884, an event occurred which shook the foundations of the LDS Church mission in the South. In a small community known as Cane Creek a mob attacked and murdered John H. Giggs and William S. Berry, LDS missionaries, and two of the sons of their host. As resident mission president, Roberts felt it was his responsibility to recover the bodies of the two missionaries and return them home. With the help of friends and disguised as a tramp because of local hostility, he was able to recover the bodies for their families in Utah.
Following the "Cane Creek Massacre," Roberts returned to Utah for a brief rest from the tension in Tennessee. While there he married his second wife, Celia Dibble 2 October 1884. Barely two weeks later Roberts started for the South to complete his mission. During the last two months of the year he organized and shepherded a number of Southern Mormon converts from Tennessee to the settlements in the San Luis Valley of Colorado.
Released from his Southern mission, Roberts returned to Utah to spend the first three months of the new year canvassing the state for subscriptions to the Mutual Improvement Association publication the Contributor. On 12 July 1885, a son Thomas was born to Louisa, but he lived only one day. The latter part of the month found Roberts traveling in Missouri for his church. During the year he continued canvassing and lecturing in southern Utah. While he was in the southern part of the state, Celia's first child Lena was born.
Early in 1886 Roberts obtained the position of associate editor of the Salt Lake Herald. In the fall federal warrants were issued for his arrest on the charge of unlawful cohabitation. He eluded the federal marshals and continued to work for the newspaper. In October his daughter, Louisa Emeline, named for her mother, was born, and his mother remarried, this time to John W. Woolley. While working in the offices of the Herald on 5 December 1886, Roberts was arrested and taken before the Third District Court. With the assistance of friends he posted a $1,000 bond and was released to appear in court the next day. Roberts left for a mission to England that night traveling under the name John Reed.
For the next two years in England, Roberts continued his journalistic career as assistant editor of the LDS Church publication the Millennial Star. He also traveled throughout England and Scotland, several times debating with "anti-Mormon" speakers, notably William Jarman. While in England he completed his first book, The Gospel; An Exposition of Its First Principles, which was published in 1888.
In September of 1888 Roberts was released from his mission. He was chosen to fill a vacant position in the First Council of Seventy, a post he held until his death. He also became editor of the Contributor, and continued his work of writing to promote and strengthen the Mormon church.
Tiring of evading federal authorities, Roberts surrendered in April of 1889. The court instituted proceedings against him for unlawful cohabitation, and he was sentenced to five months in prison with a $400 fine. Because he did not have the money to pay his fine he served an extra month in the Utah Territorial Prison. When he was released, he moved Celia and his second family to Manassa, Colorado. A year later, in October of 1890, Wilford Woodruff, president of the LDS Church, issued the Manifesto abolishing polygamy. Sometime prior to this Roberts married a third wife, Dr. Margaret Curtis Shipp. The Woodruff Manifesto left many church members feeling as if their sacrifices and trials because of their religious convictions had been for nothing.
In 1891 Utah Territory, eager to become a state, finally divided along national party lines rather than religious ones. Roberts declared himself a Democrat, and at times his outspoken support of his party brought him into conflict with the LDS Church leadership. During 1893 and 1894 the church appropriated more of his time by sending him on speaking tours and to visit missions throughout the United States. During this time he represented the LDS Church at the World's Parliament of Religions, whose organizing committee was reluctant to allow him a hearing.
By the time he was elected as the Davis County Delegate to the Utah State Constitutional Convention in 1894, Roberts had published four more books and fathered five more children. His eleventh child was born in January before the convention assembled. Between March 8 and May 4, 1885, the delegates drew up a constitution. Throughout this time B. H. Roberts proved a vocal member, particularly on the issues of woman suffrage, which he did not support, and prohibition.
In September of 1895 the State Democratic Convention nominated B. H. Roberts as their candidate for the United States House of Representatives. Roberts lost this election to Republican C. E. Allan. He felt the LDS Church leaders, who were predominately Republicans, had unfairly influenced the election by publicly reprimanding him and fellow Democrat Moses Thatcher for running for office without express permission of the Church authorities. In order to insure against possible repetition of this event, the Mormon church issued what became known as the "Political Manifesto" of 1895. The manifesto guaranteed individual church members their political freedom, but also clearly stated that no one holding a church position could run for public office without the approval of higher authorities, to insure that their church duties would not be neglected. B. H. Roberts finally signed the political manifesto.
During 1896 and 1897 Roberts again toured the United States giving lectures and holding public meetings for the Church. He also continued working on his manuscripts and articles on religious topics. Celia gave birth to twin daughters, Georgia and Joanna, in April of 1898. Less than a year later their thirteen-year-old daughter Lena died.
Roberts was again nominated by the State Democratic Convention to run for the United States House of Representatives in 1898. Despite the sometimes vicious attacks on him involving his family relationships, Roberts won the election. Because of his Mormon background and polygamous marriages, a number of petitions were circulated and protests made against allowing him to take his seat as Utah's Representative. After a year's battle, the United States House of Representatives, on 25 January 1900, declared his seat vacant. Roberts returned to Utah and William H. King finished his term.
Between 1901 and 1922 Roberts was an active member of the Mormon Church's Young Men's Mutual Improvement Association General Board. He assisted with the Y.M.M.I.A. scouting program and was chairman of the Committee of Vocations and Industries. And he continued his work with the Council of Seventy. Also in these twenty years he wrote and published eleven more books and numerous articles, and lectured for the Mormon church in various cities in the nation. Roberts remained politically vocal, particularly over the issue of whether Reed Smoot, a church apostle, could adequately represent Utah's secular interests in the United States Congress.
Roberts interrupted his church-oriented occupations in 1917 when the United States declared war on Germany on April 6 and Roberts volunteered to serve in the army as a chaplain. Previously, he had been appointed to the military staff of Governor Simon Bamberger as a chaplain with the rank of major in the Utah National Guard. Although the age limit for induction as a chaplain was forty, the rule was waived and on August 4 Roberts became a first lieutenant in the First Utah Field Artillery. In October the First Utah was sent to Camp Kearney, California, as part of the United States 145th Field Artillery, for training. Roberts went along as chaplain to the entire battalion. This group arrived in France in September of 1918 as part of the First American Army under command of General John J. Pershing. Two months later the Armistice was signed, and Roberts arrived home in January of 1919.
In May of 1922 Roberts was appointed president of the Eastern States Mission. He and his third wife Maggie went to New York where both carried on active roles in the LDS Church. Roberts brought some innovations to the mission field, the most notable of which was his "mission school." These schools were four-week, intensive programs for missionaries to teach them the most effective ways to present their message. While Roberts was mission president between 1922 and 1927, five of these schools were held, the last in February of 1927.
At the Hill Cumorah Conference held in September of 1923 "in commemoration of the Centennial anniversary of the revealed existence of the Book of Mormon," Roberts collapsed. He was suffering from diabetes. After a period of recuperation and treatment involving the relatively new use of insulin, Roberts returned to his position as mission president. About this same time, his first wife Louisa died, leaving a family of six children. While still in New York, Roberts was elevated to the position of president of the First Council of Seventy.
In the spring of 1926, Roberts third wife Margaret died and she was brought home to Utah for interment. A year later Roberts was released as mission president, and he returned to Utah where he continued to work with the Council of Seventy. During the next few years Roberts wrote a number of articles and three more books, including one of his most important works, the Comprehensive History of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, Century I, published in 1930.
On 27 September 1933, shortly after returning from representing the LDS Church at the World Fellowship of Faiths in Chicago, Roberts died in Salt Lake City from complications related to diabetes. He was survived by thirteen children by his wives Louisa and Celia, and by his second wife Celia (Louisa and Margaret predeceased him).
Content Description +/-
The B. H. Roberts papers (1869-1965) contain a variety of materials documenting the life and work of Roberts, widely regarded as the foremost LDS Church historian and theologian. The personal materials have been arranged chronologically as far as is practical. Roberts's autobiography is a photocopy of a typescript by Georgia Roberts Livingston, a daughter of B. H. Roberts. Included in the personal materials are journals, temple records from the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, two of Roberts's subject notebooks, and a number of certificates.
The correspondence has been divided into three categories and arranged alphabetically, then chronologically within the alphabetical designation. The family letters include a few to and from his children and wives and a great many written by B. H. Roberts to his mother, Ann Reed Everington Roberts Nichols Dustin Woolley, between 1877 and 1906. Most of these letters discuss the routine affairs of everyday life, although a few contain remarks on more philosophical subjects. The general correspondence includes letters from friends, antagonists, and business associates. These are also arranged alphabetically with the subject matter ranging from politics to religion. The final portion of the correspondence deals with the Book of Mormon. Beginning with a series of five questions by a Mr. Couch regarding discrepancies in the Book of Mormon, the file contains answers and musings from various people. It was this series of questions that prompted B. H. Roberts to begin his investigations into the Book of Mormon, a standard scripture of his religion. The research he did and its resultant manuscripts are in the third division of the collection.
The Book of Mormon research section contains typescripts of "Book of Mormon Difficulties," and "A Book of Mormon Study." The first manuscript was written in answer to Mr. Couch's questions and deals primarily with these questions. The second study resulted when Roberts found additional questions raised by his beginning study. Roberts especially emphasizes parallels found between the Book of Mormon and Ethan Smith's View of the Hebrews. Included with the manuscripts are some pamphlets, articles, and notes used in the research.
In the fourth division is a sampling of the writings of B. H. Roberts. There are publication lists, manuscripts, and speeches. Most of the manuscripts and speeches deal with the political role of the LDS Church. Roberts writes about the powerful influence exerted by the dominant religion in Utah politics. The speeches deal mainly with the reelection of Senator Reed Smoot.
Items comprising the fifth portion of the collection include materials about Roberts's stint as a chaplain in World War I, newspaper clippings, and a few other pieces such as bills and poetry. As a chaplain during World War I, Roberts was interested in the role of religion and the possible breakdown of the Christian culture in a war as extensive as this one. He wrote notes and articles on the subject which are filed with his justification for going to war written to his two oldest sons. The newspaper clippings also include a number of articles by and about Roberts, his actions in World War I, his religious activities, and his family.
The final section of original material consists of six books, three of which are in the Special Collections Department safe because of their value. These three books--B. H. Roberts's personal, annotated copies of a first edition of the Book of Mormon (1830), the Doctrine and Covenants, and a small Methodist camp meeting hymn book--can be used for serious research by making prior, special arrangements. The other three books are two written by Roberts and a bound volume of pamphlets relating to James Jesse Strang.
The seventh division of the collection consists of photographic copies of the original material. Except for special research needs, the photocopies will be used by researchers rather than the delicate originals. The copies are arranged in the exact order of the original material. Some material has not been copied. The inventory of the original material indicates where corresponding copies are located or if there is no duplicate.
The eighth portion of the collection consists of duplicated materials acquired from Brigham Young University. Any original material in this section is specially noted. Personal materials include letters from and to Roberts's children, an eleven-page letter to Moses Thatcher concerning Thatcher's politics and standing in the LDS Church, tributes to Roberts, and biographical sketches of Roberts's mother and his wife Celia. Filed under the heading "Young Men's Mutual Improvement Association" are form letters from Roberts as chairman of the General Board's Committee of Vocations and Industries.
A portion of the materials, dealing with Roberts's role as president of the Eastern States Mission, includes some correspondence and form letters of instructions to missionaries. Menus, form letters, and other information about the 1923 LDS Church conference arranged by Roberts at the Hill Cumorah in New York are included. Finally there are a number of letters from friends and missionaries congratulating him on his sixty-sixth birthday in 1923. Nine notebooks were included with these exchange items from Brigham Young University. These are small books with remarks or outlines on a variety of subjects which interested Roberts. Most of these are on religious subjects, although there are remarks about World War I and sayings and quotations.
Photocopies of Roberts's publications have been filed with the collection. Some of these publications include annotations and lengthy remarks by Roberts. One of the books is a bound volume of six tracts prepared by Roberts for use by missionaries. There are also a number of articles on religious subjects written by Roberts, and clippings from the Deseret News.
Roberts's personal copy of the Pearl of Great Price, another of the LDS Church's religious works, has been photocopied complete with Roberts's annotations. Other materials are four manuscripts by unidentified authors and a few miscellaneous items.
The addendum to the collection is contained in Boxes 14 through 17. Carbon copies of portions of Roberts autobiography, a letter from Heber M. Holt, and three scrapbooks of newspaper clippings are filed in the first box. The "Book of Mormon Difficulties" and "A Book of Mormon Study" manuscripts (carbon copies) are filed in the second box. The third box of the addendum contains research materials on the Book of Mormon including a photocopy of Ethan Smith's View of the Hebrews with annotations by Roberts, copies of Roberts's comparisons of the View of the Hebrews and the Book of Mormon, and other research notes. Also there is an evaluation of the collection by H. Michael Marquardt. The final box of the addendum contains photocopies of portions of a typescript of "The Truth, the Way, the Life," by B. H. Roberts.
Collection Use +/-
Restrictions on Access:
Twenty-four hours advance notice encouraged. Access to parts of this collection may be restricted under provisions of state or federal law.
Restrictions on Use:
It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain any necessary copyright clearances.
Permission to publish material from the B. H. Roberts papers must be obtained from the Special Collections Manuscript Curator.
Initial Citation: B. H. Roberts papers, Ms 106, Box [ ]. Special Collections and Archives. University of Utah, J. Willard Marriott. Salt Lake City, Utah.
Following Citations:Ms 106.
Administrative Information +/-
Donated by Adele W. Parkinson, Virginia D. Roberts, and Thom D. Roberts in 1976, 1978, and 1979.
Donated by Brigham Young University, Provo, Utah in 1980.
Donated by Adele W. Parkinson in 1991.
Purchased from Curt Bench in 2002.
Processed by Marlene Lewis in 1980-1981.
Processed by Emma McFarland in 2011.
Roberts, B. H. (Brigham Henry), 1857-1933
Collection materials is in English.
11.5 linear feet
Language of the Finding Aid:
Finding aid was encoded in English.
Author of the Finding Aid:
Finding aid prepared by Marlene Lewis
EAD Creation Date: