Table of Contents
Collection Overview +/-
Collection Inventory +/-
series: Personal Materials
box 1: Sidney S. Fox, Personal Materials (1951-1974)
folder 1: Address Books
folder 2: Address Books
folder 3: Autobiography
folder 4-6: Awards (1974)
Materials documenting Fox's receipt of the Silver Medal Award. Items include congratulatory correspondence, program, and speech given by Richmond T. Harris.
folder 7: Awards
University Broadcasters Award.
folder 8: Biographical Materials
folder 9: Family Documents (1951)
Earnest money receipt, offer to purchase, and statement to seller for home at 2349 Berkeley St.
folder 10: Family Documents (1951)
Warranty deed for land at Country Club Acres.
folder 11: Family Documents (1957)
Certificate and notice of assessment for grave plots, B'nai Israel Cemetery Association, 1957.
folder 12-14: Family Documents (1964-1971)
Insurance policies, record books, beneficiaries, changes in policies.
folder 15: Family Documents
Jewelry appraisals from Leyson Pearsall Co.
folder 16: Letters of Recommendation (1969-70)
folder 17: Personal Notebook
folder 18: Personal Notes
folder 19: B'nai B'rith Lodge
Membership and committee list.
folder 20: Benevolent and Protective Order of Elks
Newsletters, invitations, dues receipts.
folder 21: Salt Lake Jewish Welfare Fund
Verification and pledge statements.
folder 22: Masonic Lodge, Miscellaneous
box 2: Family Files (1934-1967)
The materials housed in this box are mostly legal documents detailing the settlement of estates, stock transactions, and financial information concerning Fox's immediate relatives. Also included are materials concerning Miriam's Incorporated.
folder 1: Eva Provol Fox Estate (1948)
folder 2: Zelda McQuarrie Fox (1934)
Hamburg Mining Company stock certificate dated November 26.
folder 3: Zelda McQuarrie Fox (1949)
Marriage certificates, August 7 and 8.
folder 4: Zelda McQuarrie Fox Estate (1964-1966)
folder 5: Jessie Fox Loeb Estate (1958-1959)
folder 6: Jessie Fox Loeb (1958)
Safe deposit box inventory
folder 7: Jessie Fox Loeb (1959)
folder 8: Leo A. Loeb (1959)
Last will and testament
folder 9: Leo A. Loeb Estate (1967)
folder 10: Miriam's Incorporated (1954-1958)
Furniture, fixture, and window display inventories, August 1958. Correspondence, survey of accounting system, 1954.
folder 11: Miscellaneous Family Materials
The bulk of the correspondence was kept within its own particular subject and filed elsewhere in the collection. Correspondence in this portion of the collection has been divided into two sections, personal and general. Letters and greeting cards from immediate family and close relatives are housed in box three. Correspondence from other relatives and close friends can be found in box four. Because Fox's business dealings were very often of a personal nature, some record of that may be reflected in the personal and general correspondence in this section. General correspondence is filed alphabetically in box four.
box 3: Personal Correspondence
The materials in this box are primarily cards to Sidney from his first and second wives. Folders ten and eleven contain miscellaneous correspondence from relatives. See also box four.
folder 1: Eva Provol Fox
Birthday cards to Sidney from Eva.
folder 2: Eva Provol Fox
Christmas cards to Sidney from "Putsie."
folder 3: Eva Provol Fox
Father's day cards to Sidney from Eva.
folder 4: Eva Provol Fox
Miscellaneous greeting cards to Sidney from Eva.
folder 5: Zelda McQuarrie Fox
Birthday cards to Sidney from Zelda.
folder 6: Zelda McQuarrie Fox
Christmas cards to Sidney from Zelda.
folder 7: Zelda McQuarrie Fox
Father's day cards to Sidney from Zelda.
folder 8: Zelda McQuarrie Fox
Miscellaneous greeting cards to Sidney from Zelda.
folder 9: Sidney S. Fox, Miscellaneous
Handwritten letter (torn) from Fox acknowledging financial help.
Handwritten letter addressed "My dearest," dated February 3, 1979.Handwritten letter addressed "Dear Hank."
Miscellaneous greeting cards signed by Fox.
folder 10-11: Miscellaneous Correspondence from Relatives
box 4: Personal and General Correspondence
Personal correspondence in this box consists of greeting cards and letters to Fox from close friends and relatives. General correspondence in this box deals primarily with subject matters not mentioned elsewhere in the collection. Letters have been filed alphabetically within each classification.
folder 1-23: Personal Correspondence, A- Z
folder 24: Miscellaneous Personal Correspondence
folder 25-27: General Correspondence, B -P
folder 28: General Correspondence, Calvin W. Rawlings
folder 29: General Correspondence, S-T
series: Financial Materials
These materials reflect Fox's entrepreneurial skills and varied financial interests. Of particular interest are materials concerning Dufo Uranium Mining Company and Oceanview Oil Corporation, housed in box five. Income tax materials are housed in box six and range in date from 1928 through 1972. These papers document the difficulties Fox had with the Internal Revenue Service, and the financial success of Fox's many business ventures. Fox's personal financial materials may be found in boxes seven and eight and include bank statements, receipts and bills from the Belvedere Apartment Hotel, cancelled checks, promissory notes, various hotel and medical bills, and other loose financial materials. The cancelled checks provide interesting documentation of Fox's compulsion for gambling.
box 5: Stock Information (1953-1958)
The materials housed in this box are primarily stock transfer receipts and stock reports, which reflect Fox's varied financial interests.
folder 1: Algom Uranium (1954)
folder 2: Allis Chalmers Manufacturing (1954-1957)
folder 3: American Telephone and Telegraph (1953-1965)
folder 4: American Tobacco Company (1954-1955)
folder 5: Arrow Uranium (1955)
folder 6: Atlantic Refining Company (1954)
folder 7: Boeing Airplane (1955)
folder 8: Celanese Corporation (1954)
folder 9: Chrysler Corporation (1954)
folder 10: Commonwealth Edison (1953-1957)
folder 11: Comstock Uranium and Oil (1954)
folder 12: Cons Vultee Aircraft (1954)
folder 13: Consol Howey (1955)
folder 14: Cyclo Drama Incorporated (1965)
folder 15: Federal Uranium of Nevada (1955)
folder 16: General Dynamics (1954)
folder 17: General Motors (1956-1957)
folder 18: Hancock Oil California (1954-1955)
folder 19: Holland Furnace (1955)
folder 20: International Harvester (1954)
folder 21: Litton Industries (1955)
folder 22: Lockheed Aircraft (1954)
folder 23: Loews Incorporated (1954)
folder 24: Mountain Fuel Supply (1953)
folder 25: National Distillers (1954-1955)
folder 26: New York Central Railroad (1954-1955)
folder 27: Northern Illinois Gas Company (1954-1955)
folder 28: Pater Uranium (1955)
folder 29: Pathfinder Uranium (1955)
folder 30: Pennsylvania Railroad (1954-1955)
folder 31: Radio Corporation of America (1954)
folder 32: Rocky Mountain Uranium (1955)
folder 33: Schenley Industry (1954-1955)
folder 34: Standard Oil of California (1953-1957)
folder 35: Standard Oil of Indiana (1954-1957)
folder 36: Standard Oil of New Jersey (1953-1957)
folder 37: Standard Uranium Corporation (1954-1956)
folder 38: Sterling Uranium (1955-1958)
folder 39: Technicolor Incorporated (1954)
folder 40: Texas Gulf Producing (1954-1955)
folder 41: Transamerica Corporation (1954)
folder 42: Twentieth Century Fox (1954-1955)
folder 43: U.S. Steel Company (1954-1957)
folder 44: Uranium Corporation of America (1955-1956)
folder 45: White Canyon Mining (1955-1956)
folder 46: White Canyon Uranium (1955)
folder 47: Youngstown Sh. Tube (1954-1955)
folder 48-52: Stock Reports (1953-1957)
folder 53: Stock Reports Miscellaneous (1953)
folder 54: Dufo Uranium Mining Company (1954)
Application for mineral lease; agreement between Fox, Joseph H. Dupler, and R. C. Hartmann dated July 19.
folder 55: KLAS, Las Vegas, Nevada (1953)
Las Vegas Television, Incorporated balance sheet, statement of revenue and expenses, accounts payable reports, and preliminary development and construction phase reports.
folder 56: KLAS, Las Vegas, Nevada (1953)
Engineering report and market information.
folder 57: KLAS, Las Vegas, Nevada (1953)
Stockholder agreement and miscellaneous information.
folder 58: Oceanview Oil Corporation (1937)
Subscription agreement, assignment of participating royalty interest dated March 10.
box 6: Income Tax Materials (1928-1972)
This box contains tax records dating 1928 1972. They document Fox's difficulties with the Internal Revenue Service during those years.
folder 1: Tax Form (1928)
folder 2: Letters concerning Income Tax Deficiency (1929-1930)
folder 3: Tax Form and Letters concerning Income Tax Deficiency (1931)
folder 4: Tax Form and Letter From Internal Revenue Service concerning Tax Liability (1932)
folder 5-7: Tax Forms (1933-1935)
folder 8: Letter of Protest, Gift Tax Forms and Letter (1936)
folder 9: Gift and Income Tax Forms and Letter (1937)
folder 10: Tax Forms and Letter concerning Tax Extension (1938)
folder 11-43: Tax Forms (1939-1972)
box 7: Miscellaneous Financial Materials (1951-1978)
folder 1: First Security Bank of Utah (1964-1969)
folder 2-3: Walker Bank and Trust Co. (1951-1955)
folder 4: Zions First National Bank (1969)
folder 5-8: The Belvedere Apartment Hotel (1969) (1978)
folder 9: The Belvedere Apartment Hotel (1971) (1976)
folder 10: The Belvedere Apartment Hotel (1971) (1978)
folder 11: The Belvedere Apartment Hotel, Miscellaneous
Form letters, building notices concerning building policies.
folder 12: Hotel Bills
folder 13: Medical Bills
folder 14: Miscellaneous Bills
Travel receipts, membership dues.
box 8: Miscellaneous Financial Materials (1942-1971)
This box contains loose materials including cancelled checks and check stubs dating from 1942 to 1971, deposit slips, money order receipts, and promissory notes.
series: News Clippings
News clippings concerning the family have been arranged alphabetically. News clippings concerning KDYL have been arranged chronologically.
Materials concerning KDYL have been filed in the following section. Box ten contains legal documents filed with the Federal Communication Commission from the years 1939 through 1945. Box eleven contains materials from 1952 to 1955 detailing the sale of KDYL to TLF Broadcasting Corporation. KDYL general files can be found in box twelve, and include materials concerning advertising, correspondence, programming, and KDYL finances.
box 10: KDYL Legal Documents (1939-1945)
Materials in this box have been arranged chronologically to follow the legal progress of KDYL during the years 1939 1945.
folder 1: Application to the Federal Communication Commission (May 1939)
Request for a change in frequency and permission to construct and operate a directional antenna system.
folder 2: Application to the Federal Communication Commission (May 1939)
Articles of incorporation of the Intermountain Broadcasting Corporation dated July 19, 1926, filed as an exhibit to the application.
folder 3: Application to the Federal Communication Commission (May 1939)
Minutes from the Intermountain Broadcasting Corporation Board of Directors meeting dated April 3, 1939, filed as an exhibit to the application.
folder 4: Utah Broadcasting Company Application (December 1940)
Order granting application to Utah Broadcasting Company.
folder 5-9: Correspondence (1939-1941)
Letters concerning plans of action, technical specifications, detailing the decision making process.
folder 10: Application to the Federal Communication Commission (August 1941)
Request for change in directional antenna system.
folder 11: Application to the Federal Communication Commission (August 1941)
Estimated costs, balance sheet, schematic diagrams, contracts, correspondence, and minutes filed as exhibits to the application.
folder 12: Federal Communication Memorandum (April 1942)
Memorandum opinion by the Federal Communication Commission stopping further construction or changes to transmitting facilities.
folder 13: Intermountain Broadcasting Corporation Petition (June 1942)
Petition by Intermountain Broadcasting Corporation requesting exception to April 27 memorandum opinion.
folder 14: Federal Communication Commission Petition and Hearing Request (July 1942)
Federal Communication Commission denial of petition and request for a formal hearing.
folder 15: Intermountain Broadcasting Corporation Hearing (July 1942)
Notice made by Intermountain Broadcasting Corporation of intent to appear at hearing as requested by the Federal Communication Commission.
folder 16: Notice of Hearing (August 1942)
Notice of hearing date.
folder 17: Intermountain Broadcasting Corporation Depositions (August 1942)
Motion made by Intermountain Broadcasting Corporation to take depositions of Sidney Fox and John Baldwin.
folder 18: Federal Communication Commission Depositions (August 1942)
Order by the Federal Communication Commission to take depositions of Sidney Fox and John Baldwin.
folder 19: Petition and Protests against KDYL (August 1942)
Petition filed against KDYL by (WABC) Columbia Broadcasting System, Incorporated protesting KDYL's pending application
folder 20: Dismissal of WABC Petition (September 1942)
folder 21: Depostion Petition (September 1942)
Petition requesting amendment of order to permit the deposition of Gus Backman in addition to those of Sidney Fox and John Baldwin.
folder 22: Deposition of Gus Backman (September 1942)
Amendment of order allowing deposition of Gus Backman to be taken.
folder 23: Gus Backman Deposition (September 1942)
folder 24: John Baldwin Depostion (September 1942)
folder 25: Sidney Fox Deposition (September 1942)
folder 26: Intermountain Broadcasting Corporation Proposed Findings (October 1942)
Proposed findings of fact and conclusions filed by the Intermountain Broadcasting Corporation.
folder 27: Denial of Application (March 1943)
folder 28: Intermountain Broadcasting Oral Argument and Memorandum Brief (April 1943)
Intermountain Broadcasting Corporation exception to the Federal Communication Commission decision, request for oral argument and memorandum brief.
folder 29: Brief of Intermountain Broadcasting Corporation (May 1943)
folder 30: Offering of Evidence and Transcript of Hearing (May 1943)
Offering of evidence, transcript of hearing September 19, 1942.
folder 31: Supplemental Brief (May 1943)
folder 32: Denial of Application (October 1943)
folder 33: Application for Permits to Construct or Change Radio Stations (January 1944)
Supplemental statement of policy concerning application for permits to construct or change radio stations.
folder 34: Intermountain Broadcasting Petition for Reinstatement (March 1944)
Petition of the Intermountain Broadcasting Corporation for reinstatement of application.
folder 35: Petition Denied (June 1944)
folder 36: Intermountian Broadcasting Requesting Kilocycles Permit (September 1944)
Petition by the Intermountain Broadcasting Corporation requesting amendment to permit operation of KDYL on 880 kilocycles with 10,000 watts of power.
folder 37: John Baldwin Deposition (September 1944)
John Baldwin deposition detailing amendments to application filed September 18.
folder 38: Petition for Hearing, Rehearing and Other Relief (November 1944)
Petition for hearing, rehearing and other relief in regard to the granting of application to Salt Lake City Broadcasting Company.
folder 39: Permission to Change Transmitter Site (November 1944)
Order granting Louis Wasmer (of KGA in Spokane, Washington) permission to change transmitter site listed in his pending application.
folder 40: Motion to Postpone Filing Appearance (November 1944)
Motion made by the Intermountain Broadcasting Corporation to postpone filing appearance for 30 days.
folder 41: Granting of Filing Appearance Postponement (November 1944)
Order granting postponement to the Intermountain Broadcasting Corporation for filing appearance.
folder 42: Motion for Additional Postponement of Filing Apperance (December 1944)
Motion to postpone filing apearance by the Intermountain Broadcasting Corporation for an additional 30 days.
folder 43: Granting of Partial Postponement (December 1944)
Order granting partial postponement to the Intermountain Broadcasting Corporation.
folder 44: Federal Communication Commission Application for Construction or Changes of Radio Stations (January 1945)
Federal Communication Commission supplemental statement of policy concerning applications for permits to construct new radio stations or to make changes in existing radio facilities.
folder 45: Procedue for Standard Broadcast Applications (January 1945)
Public notice outlining procedure to be followed in handling standard broadcast applications under supplemental policy of January 16.
folder 46: Calumet Broadcasting Corporation News Release (July 1945)
News release regarding proposal to deny Calumet Broadcasting Corporation application.
folder 47: Motion to Amend Application (October 1945)
Motion filed by the Intermountain Broadcasting Corporation to amend application.
folder 48: Granting to Amend Application (November 1945)
Order granting motion to amend application.
folder 49: Application to the Federal Communication Commission
folder 50-56: Correspondence (1942-1945)
box 11: KDYL Sale to TLF Broadcasting Corporation (1952-1955)
Materials dealing with the dissolution of Intermountain Broadcasting and Television Corporation, sale and transfer of stock to TLF Broadcasting Corporation.
folder 1-8: Applications (May 1953)
Applications for transfer of control of Intermountain Broadcasting and Television Corporation to TLF Broadcasting Corporation.
folder 9-21: Correspondence (1953-1955)
folder 22: Financial Materials (1953)
Annual financial report made to the Federal Communication Commission.
folder 23: Financial Materials (1952)
Annual report to stockholders, Time Incorporated.
folder 24: Financial Materials (1953)
folder 25: Financial Materials (1953-1954)
Distribution of payments made on purchase of capital stock.
folder 26: Financial Materials
folder 27: Financial Materials (1953)
Film contracts in effect June 30.
folder 28: Financial Materials (1953)
folder 29: Financial Materials (1953)
Report of determination of deficit of net quick assets, June 30.
folder 30: Financial Materials (1953)
Statement of account, June 30
folder 31: Financial Materials
Stock purchase agreement (blank).
folder 32: Legal Papers (1953)
Affidavit of giving notice of special meeting of stockholders, June 17.
folder 33: Legal Papers (1953)
Assignments to transfer stock, March 25.
folder 34: Legal Papers (1953)
Notices of special meeting of stockholders, June 8.
folder 35: Legal Papers (1953)
Oath of office, June 30.
folder 36: Legal Papers
Proxy authorizing vote of stock.
folder 37: Legal Papers
Receipts acknowledging transfer of stock.
folder 38-39: Minutes
Special meetings of the Board of Directors.
folder 40: Service Itemizations (1952-1953)
Segal, Smith and Hennessey, December 1952 to June 1953.
folder 41: Miscellaneous Materials
box 12: KDYL General Files (1927-1966)
folder 1: Advertising
Free Trips to Paris Campaign, general information.
folder 2: Advertising
Free Trips to Paris Campaign, advertising agreements.
folder 3: Advertising (1927)
Free Trips to Paris Campaign, advertising costs for Deseret News.
folder 4: Advertising (1927)
Free Trips to Paris Campaign, advertising costs for the Salt Lake Tribune Publishing Co.
folder 5: Advertising (1927)
Free Trips to Paris Campaign, expenses.
folder 6: Advertising (1927)
Free Trips to Paris Campaign, correspondence dated 1927.
folder 7: Advertising (1927)
Free Trips to Paris Campaign, news clippings.
folder 8: Advertising
Free Trips to Paris Campaign, list of participating ex servicemen.
folder 9-34: Advertising (1927)
Free Trips to Paris Campaign, list of participating merchants.
folder 35: Advertising Rate cards (1938-1941)
folder 36-40: Correspondence (1946-1950)
folder 41-43: Correspondence (1952-1954)
folder 44: Correspondence (1956)
folder 45: Correspondence (1965-1966)
folder 46: Financial Materials (1945)
folder 47: Financial Materials
Payroll summary (torn).
folder 48: Financial Materials (1927-1930)
folder 49: Financial Materials (1932-1944)
folder 50-53: Financial Statements (1947-1953)
folder 54-57: Miscellaneous Materials
series: Other Financial Ventures
This section of the collection documents the various financial ventures Fox was involved with during his lifetime. The materials have been filed alphabetically by subject.
box 13: Fox Marquis Productions (1956-1958)
folder 1: Agreements (1956-1957)
Contracts between Fox and Arnold Marquis.
folder 2: Articles of Incorporation (January 1958)
folder 3: Correspondence (1958-1960)
folder 4: Scripts
General description of all scripts.
folder 5: "The Adventures of Dan'l Boone" Script
folder 6: "The Ballad of Will Rogers" Script
folder 7: "Diamonds" Script
folder 8: "Love, Honor and Obey" Script
folder 9: "Reunion" Script
folder 10: "Robinson Crusoe, Junior" Script
folder 11: "The Thirteenth Juror" Script
folder 12: "The Unknown" Script
folder 13: "Will Rogers" Script
folder 14-15: Tax Materials
Correspondence, bills and tax forms concerning Fox Marquis Productions.
folder 16: Miscellaneous Materials
box 14: Management Consulting, Miracle Diamonds Corporation, and Trampoline Centers, Inc. (1933-1963)
folder 1: Management Consulting (1954)
Receipts and disbursements, year ended December 1954.
folder 2: Management Consulting (1955)
Management consultant account.
folder 3: Management Consulting (1963)
Report of meeting held August 23, regarding controversy involving Fred Gebhardt, Dr. Paskin, and Four Crown Productions Incorporated.
folder 4: Management Consulting
Correspondence and agreement concerning Gary C. Thompson and Par lay gambling game.
folder 5: Management Consulting
folder 6: Miracle Diamonds Corporation (1933)
Contracts with performers for "Diamond Dramas."
folder 7: Miracle Diamonds Corporation (1933)
Contract between Miracle Diamonds Corporation and Miracle Diamonds Distributor, September 25.
folder 8: Miracle Diamonds Corporation (1933)
folder 9: Miracle Diamonds Corporation
General information, brief histories of famous diamonds, program brochures.
folder 10: Trampoline Centers Inc. (1960-1962)
folder 11: Trampoline Centers Inc. (1960-1962)
folder 12: Trampoline Centers Inc.
folder 13: Trampoline Centers Inc.
folder 14: Trampoline Centers Inc. (1960)
folder 15: Trampoline Centers Inc. (1960)
Stock certificate book.
folder 16: Trampoline Centers Inc.
series: Miscellaneous Materials
Section seven is made up of miscellaneous materials pertaining to Fox and his life, personally and professionally. Box fifteen contains research materials compiled by Timothy Larson and Sandy Lewis detailing the organization of KDYL, key people in its history, and include notes and transcripts from interviews conducted by Larson and Lewis. Of particular interest are the posters housed in box seventeen.
box 15: Research files (1922-1980)
Research files compiled by Dr. Timothy Larson and Sandy Lewis detailing the history of KDYL, and include notes and transcripts from the interviews.
folder 1: Bibliographic Materials
Lists of source materials for research.
folder 2-3: Biographic Files
Notes and transcripts from interviews with John Baldwin.
folder 4: Biographic Files
Notes from interviews with Bill Brennan.
folder 5: Biographic Files
Notes from interviews with Hazel Lee Craig Felt.
folder 6: Biographic Files
Notes and transcripts from interviews with Alan Frank.
folder 7-8: Biographic Files
Notes from interviews with Ira J. Kaar.
folder 9: Biographic Files
Notes from interviews with Alvin G. and Lena Marie Pack.
folder 10: Biographic Files
Notes from interviews with Bob Welti.
folder 11: Chronology of KDYL (1922-1973)
folder 12: Correspondence (1979-1980)
folder 13: Federal Communication Commission, Research Materials
Copies of materials compiled from the National Archives in Washington, D.C., detailing applications filed with the FCC by KDYL.
folder 14: Newspaper Search Notes
List of newspaper articles on KDYL.
folder 15-17: Miscellaneous Research Materials
box 16: Miscellaneous Materials
folder 1: Cardinal Silver Inc. (January 1969)
Offering circular, January 20, 1969.
folder 2: Contract (February 1957)
Agreement concerning the play "The First Gentleman," February 1957.
folder 3: Preorganization Subscription Agreement
folder 4: Royal Hotel Inc. (July 1963)
Notice of final meeting of creditors, July 11, 1963.
folder 5: Silver Medal Award Program (1980)
folder 6: Miscellaneous Materials
Biographical Note/Historical Note +/-
Sidney Fox (1889-1980) was born in St. Louis, Missouri, January 11, 1889. He did not enjoy school as a boy, but had an early interest in show business, and occasionally performed a small vaudeville act with a friend in local saloons. Although he was a good dancer, he abandoned a performing career because dancing was really the only talent he had. He still wanted to be involved with show business in some way, so he got a job as an usher in a vaudeville theater. His career as an usher was short, mostly because his parents wanted him to continue his education. Because of this, he was forced to quit his night job and find suitable employment during the day. He attended night school for about three years, and during that time he worked for the St. Louis Post Dispatch as a copy boy. He also worked as a sample clerk for a large fruit and nut company, and as a bookkeeper for a shoe pattern company.
Fox moved to Denver, Colorado for medical reasons at age seventeen. He met Al Hirschfield, who later became his employer. Fox represented Hirschfield's printing business by taking orders for business cards in Denver's Assignation District. In the early 1900s, the District housed about five hundred prostitutes, and was a popular section of town for miners and other men in the city. Fox's task was to sell business cards to the prostitutes.
Eight years later, Fox was working for Pathé and Selig Essenay Film Distributors, securing theater contracts throughout the country. He later moved into the state rights motion picture distribution business.
By 1919, Fox was living in Denver, but visited Salt Lake City quite frequently. On one occasion, he was invited to go on a business trip to Pocatello, Idaho, where he met his business contact, Eva Provol, at the Bannock Hotel for dinner. Fox married Eva Provol two weeks later in July of 1919. She was a widow with five children. After their marriage, Fox transferred his film distribution office from Denver to Salt Lake City.
Fox and his wife took a delayed honeymoon to Los Angeles in 1922. Later that year, they returned to Los Angeles, bought a house, and Fox became involved in real estate. When the market slowed there, Eva returned to Salt Lake City, while Sidney went to Florida becoming involved with the real estate boom there.
Fox returned to Salt Lake City in 1925. The following year, Fox furnished the capital to found Miracle Diamonds, Incorporated. The company was to produce and market a laxative called "Miracle Diamonds," made from the dried salt crystals of the Great Salt Lake. It was similar to a product already on the market called "Crazy Crystals."
In addition to "Miracle Diamonds," Fox came up with the idea of producing a series of radio programs about famous diamonds in order to market the laxative. He hired writers to research the history of famous diamonds, write the scripts, and Fox would sell the programs to radio stations. The stations could then sell the programs to jewelers or others who had an interest in promoting diamonds.
Fox created and produced 26 radio shows about famous diamonds at a cost of about $35,000. Shortly after that, Fox received notice from the Postal Department (as did the Crazy Crystals company), concerning the advertising and packaging of the products. At this point, Fox withdrew from the corporation, taking with him the 26 radio shows. He was able to successfully market the shows to 700 radio stations across the country, recover his original investment, and realize a $7,000 profit.
In 1927 Fox was approached by Fred Provol, his stepson, (who at that time was president and major stockholder of the Intermountain Broadcasting Corporation) for help with a struggling radio station. Provol had not been able to make any progress in the profitable development of the station, so Fox agreed to reorganize the Corporation later that year. Upon examination of the station's books, the net asset value of KDYL was determined at $4,000. With the help of Gene O'Fallon (of KOA in Denver), Fox established an Operating License account in the amount of $11,000.
In 1927, with the help of a few friends, Fox was able to organize and execute the Free Trips to Paris campaign. The campaign was a contest for an all expense paid trip for three World War I veterans to attend the First American Legion Convention in Paris, France. Fox established a voting headquarters in downtown Salt Lake. The trips were to be awarded to the three veterans receiving the largest number of votes. The ballots were available to the general public and were obtained by purchasing products sold by participating merchants. Local merchants supported the contest by purchasing advertising time every night on a two hour radio program. Participating merchants were mentioned on the broadcasts as places where customers could "purchase" ballots for the contest. During this time, merchants who participated in the contest noticed an increase in patronage. This early form of radio advertising proved to be a great success.
In 1930, KDYL showed a profit of $14,000 and Fox was drawing a salary of a similar amount. The Intermountain Broadcasting Corporation's Operating License account was increased from $11,000 in 1927 to over $98,000 in 1930. By December of that year, Fox and his wife owned almost all of the outstanding stock. In addition, Fox was responsible for the financial records of the station, which made it possible for him to draw the salary of his choosing. Many times withdrawals were made from expense accounts of the corporation and credit was extended to cover any deficits.
The books came under examination by the Internal Revenue Service in 1931, and Fox claimed that withdrawals were made to cover the entertainment of customers, over and above the amounts shown to cover traveling expenses and Christmas gifts. The Internal Revenue Service determined that this was acceptable, but that the salary drawn by Fox was much higher than amounts paid by similar corporations. Fox was ordered to return all amounts drawn in excess of $10,000 during 1929 and 1930 to the International Broadcasting Corporation. His troubles with the Internal Revenue Service continued over many years.
In June of 1938, KDYL opened the KDYL Playhouse, a 350 seat theater for live radio broadcasts in the remodeled Masonic Temple at the corner of First South and Second East in Salt Lake City. The playhouse closed in 1944.
In 1939, NBC sold Fox a television demonstration unit that consisted of one camera, a control unit, six receivers, and a small closed circuit transmitter. In September of that year, the unit was installed in a local department store, and public demonstrations were given for three weeks. The unit was also set up at the Utah State Fair for the next two years. Plans were made to modify the equipment for over the air use. However, Japanese attacks in Pearl Harbor brought a halt to such plans. The War Production Board would not permit the manufacture or sale of television broadcasting equipment by regular manufacturers during the war.
Meanwhile, the engineering department at KDYL spent the next few years modifying the closed circuit equipment for use with a television broadcast transmitter. The transmitter was built by the station's engineers with parts acquired from all over the United States. KDYL was ready to begin television broadcasting as soon as the war ended. In September of 1945, KDYL submitted an application to the Federal Communication Commission for permission to operate a commercial television station on an experimental basis. In November of 1946, KDYL began broadcasting test patterns from studios located in the Regent Street Playhouse. KDYL was the first independent television station to broadcast test patterns in the United States.
Fox was frequently recognized as a philanthropist. He contributed regularly to charities, organized parties for children at Shriners Hospital, and in several instances, paid for employee medical expenses.
Although Fox was well known for his philanthropy, he had a compulsion for gambling that began in 1942. Over a twenty five year period, his losses amounted to $1.5 million. To add to his misfortune, Eva Provol Fox died in 1947. He married Zelda McQuarrie in 1949.
After two years of experimental broadcasting, KDYL television began regular daily transmission on April 19, 1948. KDYL was the first privately owned television station in the United States (the other twelve were owned by manufacturers, newspapers, experimental laboratories, and the motion picture industry), and was the first television station between Chicago and Los Angeles. In July 1948, Fox reorganized the Intermountain Broadcasting Corporation as the Intermountain Broadcasting and Television Corporation. By 1952, KDYL TV was serving its audience with more than 100 hours of programming, 9:30 a.m. to midnight, seven days a week. The station had one of the longest schedules in the nation.
According to station records, Fox still did about 30 percent of the selling for the KDYL stations, and promoted television as he had radio. KDYL TV was the first station to televise a golf match over network television (NBC), and the first station to broadcast downhill ski racing from Alta, Utah.
By early 1953, rumors started to circulate about the sale of the KDYL stations to Time Incorporated. Arrangements were made in March of that year for Time Incorporated to purchase the KDYL stations, pending FCC approval. Fox owned 53.7 percent of the outstanding stock and was still the president and general manager of the KDYL stations. Other family members owned 38.7 percent of the corporation's outstanding stock. In all, the family owned 93 percent of the common stock.
The FCC authorized the sale and transfer of the properties of the Intermountain Broadcasting and Television Corporation to TLF Broadcasting, a subsidiary of Time Incorporated, on June 25, 1953, for $2.1 million.
Fox remained in a consulting position for TLF Broadcasting for two years following the sale of the stations. As part of the agreement with TLF Broadcasting, he could not participate in the radio or television business in the state of Utah for five years after he left the corporation. He continued as a consultant after leaving TLF Broadcasting in 1955. Later that year, Fox became involved in an endeavor to take management control of the Royal Nevada Hotel in Las Vegas, Nevada.
In 1958, Fox sold Miriam's, a women's clothing shop in downtown Salt Lake City. He had established the business along with his stepdaughter, Miriam Provol, and stepson, Fred Provol, during 1946. Fox became sole owner of the shop in 1956.
During the summer of 1958, Fox announced the formation of a corporation in assocation with Alan Marquis, Hollywood producer/director/writer. Fox Marquis Productions was organized to produce films for television. This corporation was to be a short lived venture for all involved.
The 1960s were a time of change for Fox. His gambling losses were steadily increasing, and he made several attempts to gain control over his gambling by reading books and articles about reformed gamblers. By 1963 his losses decreased to $44,000. The following year Zelda McQuarrie Fox died of a congenital heart condition. During the early part of the decade, Fox sold his interest in the Royal Nevada Hotel, and Fox Marquis Productions dissolved. He later became involved in trampoline centers, this continued into the latter part of the decade.
Fox was virtually broke by the early 1970s, and his only source of income was from Social Security. In 1972 a group of men (in response to a request from Fox for financial aid) began monthly contributions to help Fox. The money was handled by Fox's lawyer and long time friend, Calvin Rawlings. Rawlings managed Fox's finances during the 1970s, and held some money aside for his funeral.
Fox was the recipient of many awards, including the University of Utah Broadcasters Association annual recognition, the Utah Advertising Federation Silver Medal, and he was inducted into the Utah Broadcasters Association Utah Broadcast Hall of Fame. He was a member of the Masonic Lodge and the Consistory and El Kalah Temple of the Shriners. He was also a member of the Elks Lodge, the Salt Lake Area Chamber of Commerce, and the Salt Lake Advertising Club. During World War II he was appointed to the State Defense Council.
Fox died March 3, 1980, in a Salt Lake City nursing home of natural causes at age ninety one.
Content Description +/-
The materials were found in a back room of an old uniform company located in Salt Lake City, Utah. The collection provides a good overview of the personal and professional life of entrepreneur Sidney Fox.
Personal materials are housed in boxes one and two and include Fox's address books, awards, family documents, letters of recommendation, and personal notes. Box two contains family files that are mostly legal documents detailing the settlement of estates, stock transactions, and financial information concerning Fox's immediate relatives. Of particular interest is the file concerning Miriam's Incorporated, a women's ready to wear clothing shop owned by Miriam Fox Carson.
Section two includes personal and general correspondence. Letters and greeting cards from Fox's wives and close relatives are housed in box three. Correspondence from other relatives and friends can be found in box four. Because Fox's business dealings were very often of a personal nature, this may be reflected in the correspondence as a whole. General correspondence is filed alphabetically in box four.
Financial materials are found in the third section of the collection. These papers reflect Fox's entrepreneurial skills and financial interests. Of particular interest are materials concerning Dufo Uranium Mining Company and Oceanview Oil Corporation. Income tax materials are housed in box six and range in date from 1928 through 1972. These materials illustrate the problems Fox had with the Internal Revenue Service and the financial success of Fox's many business ventures. Fox's personal financial materials are found in boxes seven and eight and include bank statements, receipts and bills from the Belvedere Apartment Hotel, cancelled checks, promissory notes, various hotel and medical bills, and other loose financial materials. The cancelled checks provide interesting documentation of Fox's compulsion for gambling.
Section four contains news clippings concerning Fox, family members, friends, KDYL, and gambling. These materials are located in box nine. News clippings concerning the family have been arranged alphabetically; those concerning KDYL have been arranged chronologically.
Materials concerning KDYL have been filed in section five. Box ten contains legal documents filed between KDYL and the Federal Communication Commission from the years 1939 through 1945. Box eleven contains materials detailing the sale of KDYL to TLF Broadcasting Corporation, 1952 1955. KDYL general files can be found in box twelve and include advertising materials, correspondence, and financial materials.
Section six contains materials reflecting Fox's other financial ventures including Fox Marquis Productions, Management Consulting, Miracle Diamonds Corporation, and Trampoline Centers, Incorporated. These files have been arranged alphabetically by subject.
Section seven is made up of miscellaneous materials pertaining to Fox and his life, personally and professionally. Box fifteen contains research materials compiled by Dr. Timothy Larson and Sandy Lewis detailing the organization of KDYL, key people in its history, and include notes and transcripts from interviews conducted by Larson and Lewis.
Collection Use +/-
Restrictions on Access:
Twenty-four hour advanced notice encouraged. Materials must be used on-site. Access to parts of this collection may be restricted under provisions of state or federal law.
Restrictions on Use:
It is the responsibility of the researcher to obtain any necessary copyright clearances.
Permission to publish material from the Sidney S. Fox papers must be obtained from the Special Collections Manuscript Curator.
Initial Citation: Sidney S. Fox papers, Ms 559, Box [ ]. Special Collections and Archives. University of Utah, J. Willard Marriott. Salt Lake City, Utah.
Following Citations:Ms 559.
Administrative Information +/-
Organized in seven sections: I. Personal Materials; II. Correspondence; III. Financial Materials; IV. Clippings; V. KDYL; VI. Other Financial Ventures; VII. Miscellaneous.
This collection was donated to the library in 1983 by Dr. Timothy Larson.
Processed by Karin Hardy in 1990.
Fox, Sidney S., 1889-1980
Collection materials are in English.
8 linear feet
Language of the Finding Aid:
Finding aid encoded in English in Latin script.
Author of the Finding Aid:
Finding aid created by Karin Hardy
EAD Creation Date: