afferent and efferent (parasympathetic) pupillary pathways; Pupillary changes
Helmut Wilhelm, MD. Professor, School of Medicine, Universitäts-Augenklinik, Tubingen, Germany
Disorders of the afferent and efferent (parasympathetic) pupillary pathways will follow. Please determine, if there is a afferent or efferent defect or both. If possible, make a diagnosis. Speculate about aetiology and suggest further tests. Move back and forth in the presentation.
If a pupil does not react at all, you will need the near response.
Spencer S. Eccles Health Sciences Library, University of Utah