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Browsing items in: Hidden Water - Salt Lake County Water Drainages

(353 results)



Display: 100

    • Mt. Millicent

    • BC001
    • Mt. Millicent is part of the Brighton Bowl at the top of Big Cottonwood Canyon. Late spring and early summer snowmelt provides approximately 50% of the flow in Wasatch Front streams. The rest comes from residual melting, rain and groundwater that...
    • Canyon
    • Skiers on Mt. Millicent

    • BC002
    • Brighton is one of four ski resorts that rely on the Salt Lake Valley watershed to do business. The Salt Lake City Department of Public Utilities, U.S. Forest Service, and private property owners must strike a tenuous balance among sometimes...
    • Canyon; recreational use
    • Lake Mary

    • BC003
    • Lake Mary is one of several lakes in the Wasatch Range that has been dammed to collect and hold more water for downstream use.
    • Canyon; dam; lake; recreational use; reservoir
    • Twin Lakes

    • BC004
    • Twin Lakes is one of several lakes in the Wasatch Range that has been dammed to collect and hold more water for downstream use.
    • Canyon; dam; lake; recreational use; reservoir
    • Silver Lake

    • BC005
    • Silver Lake is a popular, year-round recreational spot. A boardwalk makes it wheelchair accessible in the summer. Cross-country skiers circle it in winter.
    • Canyon; lake; recreational use
    • Snowmobilers

    • BC006
    • Snowmobilers sled on the Guardsman Pass Road. As Salt Lake Valley population soars, there are inevitable conflicts between incompatible uses of the watershed.
    • Canyon; recreational use
    • Snowshoers

    • BC007
    • Snowshoers trek on the Guardsman Pass Road. As Salt Lake Valley population soars, there are inevitable conflicts between incompatible uses of the watershed.
    • Canyon; recreational use
    • Fisher

    • BC009
    • Reynolds Flat, where the streambed gradient almost flattens, is a popular place for fishers.
    • Canyon; recreational use
    • Reynolds Peak

    • BC010
    • Reynolds Peak at the top of Mill D North Fork is near the divide between Big Cottonwood and Mill Creek drainages.
    • Canyon
    • Doughnut Falls

    • BC011
    • Doughnut Falls in the Cardiff Fork drainage is a popular hiking destination.
    • Canyon; recreational use
    • Cardiff Fork debris

    • BC012
    • In autumn when streamflows diminish, tributary creeks can appear placid. Yet remnant debris signals the ferocity of falling water in late spring and early summer.
    • Canyon
    • Cardiff Fork in autumn

    • BC013
    • Like many tributary drainages in Big Cottonwood Canyon, Cardiff Fork once was the location of feverish prospecting for precious metals.
    • Canyon
    • Cross-country skiers

    • BC014
    • Cross-country skiers work their way up Mill D North Fork to Dog Lake. At the top of the drainage, they can drop into Big Water drainage and ski down Mill Creek Canyon.
    • Canyon; recreational use
    • Reynolds Flat

    • BC015
    • Three drainages empty into Reynolds Flat Mill D South Fork (Cardiff Fork), Mill D North Fork and Days Fork. The open area provides space for two popular Forest Service campgrounds: Spruces and Jordan Pines.
    • Canyon; flood plain; recreational use
    • Butler Fork

    • BC016
    • Two small creeks converge to form Butler Fork on the north side of Big Cottonwood Canyon. Hikers often spot moose in the well watered drainage.
    • Canyon
    • Argenta dam site

    • BC017
    • Water developers once called for a dam and reservoir at Argenta. Storing 12,000 acre-feet of water and covering 143 acres, the lake would have stretched back 1.25 miles to Cardiff Fork. The plan was voted down in a bond election after the Utah...
    • Canyon; dam; reservoir
    • Lake Blanche

    • BC018
    • Lake Blanche is one of the Three Sisters Lakes with Florence and Lillian in Mill B South Fork.
    • Canyon; lake; recreational use; reservoir
    • Lake Blanche dam

    • BC019
    • Water needs in Salt Lake Valley were growing quickly at the turn of the 20th century. Dams were constructed in 1908 at the north and west ends of Lake Blanche to store more water for late summer drawdown. The lake is no longer used to store...
    • Canyon; dam; lake; reservoir
    • Lake Florence

    • BC020
    • Lake Florence is one of the Three Sisters Lakes with Blanche and Lillian in Mill B South Fork. Water needs in Salt Lake Valley were growing quickly at the turn of the 20th century. A dam was constructed in 1908 at the west end of Lake Florence to...
    • Canyon; dam; lake; recreational use; reservoir
    • Lake Lillian inlet

    • BC021
    • The outlet from Lake Florence becomes the inlet to Lake Lillian, a drop of approximately 100 feet between the two lakes.
    • Canyon
    • Lake Lillian

    • BC022
    • Lake Lillian is one of the Three Sisters Lakes with Blanche and Florence in Mill B South Fork. Water needs in Salt Lake Valley were growing quickly at the turn of the 20th century. A dam was constructed in 1908 at the west end of Lake Lillian to...
    • Canyon; dam; lake; recreational use; reservoir
    • Broads Fork basin

    • BC023
    • Broads Fork on the south side of Big Cottonwood Canyon provided timber for the Mill B mine.
    • Canyon
    • Broads Fork

    • BC024
    • Broads Fork empties into Big Cottonwood Creek approximately .75 miles west of Mill B South Fork. It's been called Broughts Fork, Brocks Fork, Borck Fork, Broads Gulch and Bordsfork.
    • Canyon
    • Forebay at Storm Mt.

    • BC025
    • Rocky Mountain Power uses its non-consumptive water right at Storm Mountain to divert most of the water out of Big Cottonwood Creek. The forebay stores water and helps generate 156 pounds of static pressure for the Stairs Station about one mile...
    • Canyon; dam; diversion; reservoir
    • Storm Mt. spillway

    • BC026
    • A four cfs flow from springs provides the only water in Big Cottonwood Creek just below the Storm Mountain forebay. The diverted water isn't repatriated into the creek until it reaches the Salt Lake City Department of Public Utilities' water...
    • Canyon
    • Stairs Station

    • BC027
    • Built in 1895 the Stairs Station hydropower plant once supplied all of Salt Lake City's power needs and was the third largest power plant in the nation. The brick is so soft a fingernail can scratch it.
    • Canyon; architecture
    • Penstock

    • BC028
    • A four-foot diameter penstock 3000-feet long brings water from the Storm Mountain forebay into the Stairs Station. Water pressure in the penstock forces the water to move slightly uphill into the turbine.
    • Canyon; pipe
    • Stairs Station control room

    • BC029
    • Brian Smith can control the water level of the reservoir at the Storm Mountain forebay by raising or lowering the turbine at Stairs Station, maintaining the water level at Storm Mountain to between three and four feet.
    • Canyon
    • Stairs Station generator

    • BC030
    • Water passing through the turbine turns the generator. Depending upon water flow, the generator can produce between 1.2 and 1.3 megawatts of power.
    • Canyon
    • Circuit breakers

    • BC031
    • Stairs Station is a substation. Circuit breakers control power moving down or up canyon.
    • Canyon
    • Granite forebay

    • BC032
    • Once it exits the Stairs Station power plant, water moves through the tailrace into the Granite forebay.
    • Canyon; dam; diversion; headgate
    • Stairs Station spillway

    • BC033
    • The Granite forebay just below Stairs Station maintains the diversion of water from Big Cottonwood Creek to generate power at the Granite Plant at the canyon mouth. Approximately .7 cfs of water is released into the creek, adding to the 4 cfs flow...
    • Canyon; dam; diversion; headgate
    • August low flow

    • BC034
    • In late summer a combination of diversions and seasonal low flow can practically dry up streams.
    • Canyon
    • Granite Plant

    • BC035
    • The generator at Granite Plant is larger than the one at Stairs Station and can generate 1.3 megawatts at full load. It was built in 1896 to power the trolley car system in Salt Lake City. A wooden flume used to bring water from Stairs to...
    • Canyon; architecture
    • Granite Plant outlet

    • BC036
    • Once diverted Big Cottonwood Creek water leaves Rocky Mountain Power's Granite Plant, it enters the water treatment plant at the mouth of Big Cottonwood Canyon. The plant is one of three run by the Salt Lake City Department of Public Utilities. ...
    • Canyon; architecture
    • Treatment plant south intake

    • BC037
    • The Big Cottonwood Water Treatment Plant can take water from flow remaining in Big Cottonwood Creek through its south intake, in addition to the water exiting Granite power plant. Water coming from the power plant is cleaner than water in the...
    • Canyon; headgate
    • Screening debris

    • BC038
    • The first stage in water treatment is a screening process that takes out branches, dead animals, cigarette butts, etc. anything that will float. A water jet sprays off the collected debris into a wire enclosure called a back trough. The debris...
    • Canyon
    • Mixing in chemicals

    • BC039
    • The plant is a conventional water treatment facility with four stages: disinfection, coagulation, sedimentation and filtration. A flash mixer adds hypochloride as a disinfectant. Often, hydrated lime is added, too, to boost alkalinity, since...
    • Canyon
    • Coagulation

    • BC040
    • Coagulation is a positive-negative ion process. Plant managers add chemicals with a positive charge. Negatively charged bacteria and dirt join with the chemical to form a floc molecule. A series of motors turns the water so that the floc...
    • Canyon
    • Sedimentation

    • BC041
    • Water flow slows in the sedimentation process so that the beefy floc molecule can drop to the bottom of the two reservoirs, stacked on top of each other. The Big Cottonwood Water Treatment Plant can treat 42 million gallons a day. It provides 24%...
    • Canyon
    • Filtration

    • BC042
    • After the water passes through a baffle wall separating sedimentation and filtration, it enters the last stage. Anything left in the water is filtered out when it is forced down through two sets of filters, one of anthracite coal and the other...
    • Canyon
    • Intake and outflow

    • BC043
    • The pipe gallery lies underneath filtration. Pipes painted light gray carry not completely treated, raw water going into filtration. Blue pipes carry completely treated water into the Salt Lake City system.
    • Canyon; pipe
    • Testing

    • BC044
    • Technicians test the water for residual chlorine every two hours. The state requires residual chlorine in water leaving the plant to ensure that, if there were any breach in the system downstream, the residual chlorine would keep the water pure.
    • Canyon
    • Exiting clean water

    • BC045
    • When water leaves the plant, turbidity is less than required by the Environmental Protection Agency.
    • Canyon
    • Filter cleaning

    • BC046
    • Typically, filters are cleaned every 72 hours, the flushed water deposited into receiving basins. That backwashed water is cleaned and routed back to the treatment starting point. The plant doesn't waste any water.
    • Canyon
    • High water

    • BC047
    • The Big Cottonwood Water Treatment Plant only can take in 60 cfs. During periods of high flow most of Big Cottonwood Creek water is routed past the south intake into the streambed.
    • Canyon
    • Big Cottonwood Conduit

    • BC048
    • The Big Cottonwood Conduit moves water from the water treatment plant to distribution reservoirs at 33rd South. A manhole near Pete's Rock is a remnant of the old Big Cottonwood Conduit. Now the Big Cottonwood Conduit runs underneath Wasatch...
    • Valley; pipe
    • Canyon mouth

    • BC049
    • Upscale homes in Cottonwood Heights now occupy the flood plain at the mouth of Big Cottonwood Canyon. Once water leaves the canyons, its no longer part of the watershed, and the Salt Lake City Department of Public Utilities has no say in...
    • Valley; architecture; environmental degradation; flood plain
    • Flood basin

    • BC050
    • Flood retention basins like the one at the mouth of Big Cottonwood Canyon can mitigate the effects of heavy runoff by capturing high flow and easing it back into the streambed at measured intervals. The Big Cottonwood Creek streambed is so porous...
    • Valley; flood plain; retention basin
    • Old Mill Golf Course

    • BC051
    • Water in the irrigation ponds at the Old Mill Golf Course near the mouth of Big Cottonwood Canyon can come from three different sources, depending upon the time of year: Big Cottonwood Creek, Utah Lake via the East Jordan Canal Extension and Upper...
    • Valley; irrigation; pond; public landscaping; recreational use
    • Ft. Union reservoir

    • BC052
    • Municipalities like Murray City store water in reservoirs like the one on Fort Union Boulevard in Cottonwood Heights. The high elevation and the head it generates enables the water purveyor to provide water pressure to city homes lower in...
    • Valley; reservoir
    • Market Street

    • BC053
    • Developers of Old Mill Corporate Center in Cottonwood Heights incorporated Big Cottonwood Creek into their real estate development.
    • Valley; architecture; commercial landscaping
    • Old Mill Corp Center

    • BC054
    • Developers of Old Mill Corporate Center in Cottonwood Heights incorporated Big Cottonwood Creek into their real estate development.
    • Valley; architecture; commercial landscaping
    • Old Mill Corp Center/Utah Lake exchange

    • BC055
    • The Old Mill Corporate Center is an important node in the valley irrigation system. Water from Utah Lake is pumped from the East Jordan Canal Extension east to the center. From there it flows north into the Upper Canal to fulfill exchange...
    • Valley; architecture; channelization; commercial landscaping; ditch; drop structure; irrigation
    • Revetment at I-215

    • BC056
    • Construction of I-215 required boulder revetments to stabilize the Big Cottonwood Creek stream banks.
    • Valley; freeway; revetment
    • 6200 South Tanner Ditch

    • BC057
    • Big Cottonwood Creek supplies water for Tanner Ditch at 6200 South and Knudsens Corner.
    • Valley; ditch; drop structure; headgate; irrigation; pipe
    • 6200 South encroachment

    • BC058
    • When people encroach on streams, they make their homes vulnerable to flooding. This area in Holladay experienced severe flooding during the wet years of 1983 and 84.
    • Valley; architecture; residential landscaping; revetment
    • Tanner Ditch

    • BC059
    • Tanner Ditch is one of the labyrinthine irrigation systems still operating in Salt Lake Valley. Irrigation ditches cross municipal lines, and in many cases, the water rights owned by the irrigation companies predate the incorporation of...
    • Valley; ditch; headgate; irrigation
    • 6200 South residence

    • BC060
    • Residential property owners sometimes incorporate ditches like Tanner Ditch into their landscaping.
    • Valley; bridge; ditch; irrigation; residential landscaping
    • Cottonwood Mall

    • BC061
    • General Growth Properties re-routed Big Cottonwood Creek as part of its development plans for Cottonwood Mall, now on hold. The Big Ditch runs parallel to and above the creek in a covered aqueduct.
    • Valley; channelization; commercial landscaping; ditch; irrigation; revetment
    • Creekside Mall

    • BC062
    • Developers of Creekside Mall incorporated Big Cottonwood Creek into their commercial landscaping.
    • Vallley; architecture; bridge; commercial landscaping; revetment
    • Frisbee golf

    • BC063
    • Creekside Park, adjacent to Big Cottonwood Creek, weaves the stream into the layout of its frisbee golf course. Parks often serve as flood retention basins.
    • Valley; public landscaping; recreational use; retention basin
    • 1300 East sign

    • BC064
    • A sign where Big Cottonwood Creek crosses 1300 East reminds us that we all live downstream.
    • Valley; bridge; signage
    • Ivy Place

    • BC065
    • A no trespassing sign won't stop a stream from undercutting a bank. Commercial developers need to plan a sufficient buffer zone from the stream. Otherwise, they expose their lessees to increased risks of flooding.
    • Valley; architecture; commercial landscaping; pipe; signage
    • State Street

    • BC066
    • Industries tend to replace offices and retail businesses as neighbors of Big Cottonwood Creek in the lower reaches of the stream.
    • Valley; architecture; revetment; signage
    • 300 West

    • BC067
    • Hidden in the midst of commercial buildings that turn their backs to the stream, there are quiet, almost mystical groves.
    • Valley; architecture
    • 500 West

    • BC068
    • Big Cottonwood Creek can look ignored in its lower reaches.
    • Valley; architecture; pipe
    • Big Cottonwood outlet at Jordan River

    • BC069
    • The Jordan River Parkway is revitalizing the lower reaches of valley streams. Daylighted streams, like Big Cottonwood Creek where it enters the Jordan River, create amenities that increase land values.
    • Valley; architecture; commercial landscaping
    • Brighton's Hotel, Silver Lake, Cottonwood Canyon

    • BC1000
    • View of the hotel looking east across Silver Lake at the head of Big Cottonwood Canyon in Salt Lake County, Utah.
    • Brighton Hotel (Brighton, Utah) Big Cottonwood Canyon (Utah) Utah, Salt Lake, Brighton Big Cottonwood Canyon (Salt Lake County, Utah) Brighton (Utah)
    • Big Cottonwood Conduit, Rocky Point

    • BC1005
    • Image shows the construction progress of a conduit near the mouth of Big Cottonwood Canyon.
    • Canyons Mountains Railroads Reservoirs Aqueducts
    • Big Cottonwood Conduit, Rocky Point

    • BC1006
    • Image shows the construction progress of a conduit near the mouth of Big Cottonwood Canyon.
    • Canyons Mountains Railroads Reservoirs Aqueducts
    • Rivulet pool

    • BCC002
    • A rivulet coming off Lone Peak creates a small pool.
    • Canyon
    • Lower falls

    • BCC003
    • The lower falls are one of two waterfalls on Bells Creek.
    • Canyon
    • Bell Canyon Dam p.4

    • BCC1000
    • Bell Canyon Dam construction, 1914. Courtesy -- Harold Smith.
    • Dams Reservoirs
    • Ditch and weir

    • BSD001
    • The Brown and Sanford Ditch, which began operating in 1874, took one-fifth of the water out of Big Cottonwood Creek. The copper plate is the remains of the old headgate.
    • Canyon; headgate; irrigation
    • Ditch and stilling station

    • BSD002
    • The Brown and Sanford Ditch took its water out of Big Cottonwood Creek near where the water treatment plant is today. The concrete box on the right is the remains of the stilling station, which was used to measure water flow in the ditch. The...
    • Canyon; irrigation
    • Rotary Park

    • CC002
    • This picnic shelter is located in Rotary Park at the end of City Creek Canyon Rd.
    • Canyon; recreational use; architecture
    • Rotary Park Map

    • CC003
    • Rotary Park was created by the Salt Lake Rotary Club for public use in the 1920s.
    • Canyon; signage
    • Rotary Park Plaque

    • CC004
    • The Salt Lake Rotary Club built this reacreational area at the end of City Creek Canyon Rd. for public use between 1922 and 1927.
    • Canyon; signage
    • Concrete Bridge

    • CC005
    • This concrete bridge on City Creek Canyon Rd. spans the creek near Weeping Rock Memorial Grotto
    • Canyon; bridge
    • City Creek Water Treatment Plant

    • CC006
    • Salt Lake City's first water treatment plant built in 1953 & upgraded in 2006. Above the plant the canyon & creek are designated as a Protected Watershed.
    • Canyon; architecture
    • City Creek Drainage

    • CC007
    • A view of City Creek Canyon drainage looking northeast from East Capitol Blvd.
    • Canyon
    • City Creek Canyon Rd.

    • CC008
    • Due to its proximity to downtown Salt Lake City City Creek Canyon Rd. is extensively for recreation.
    • Canyon: recreational use; signage
    • Memory Grove Park

    • CC009
    • City Creek meanders through Memory Grove Park before flowing into City Creek Park.
    • Valley; channelization; revetment; recreational use; public landscaping
    • Memory Grove Park

    • CC010
    • This pond formed by City Creek in Memory Grove Park is a popular place for dog owners
    • Valley; pond; recreational use; public landscaping
    • Memory Grove Park

    • CC011
    • This Greek Revival meditation chapel, the gift of the Beason family who lost their son in WWII, was dedicated in 1948
    • Valley; architecture; recreational use; public landscaping
    • Memorial House

    • CC012
    • Built in 1890 as a stable and shed for a Salt Lake contractor, this building was acquired by Salt Lake City Corp. in 1902. It was eventually remodeled and leased by the city. It has been a reception center since the 1990s.
    • Valley; revetment; architecture; bridge; recreational use; public landscaping
    • Gate to memory Grove Park

    • CC013
    • Entry gate to Memory Grove Park designed by architect Slack Windburn.
    • Valley; gate; recreational use; public landscaping; architecture
    • City Creek Park

    • CC014
    • The north end of City Creek Park.
    • Valley; channelization; revetment; bridge; recreational use; public landscaping
    • City Creek Park

    • CC015
    • The south end of City Creek Park.
    • Valley; pond; recreational use; public landscaping; architecture
    • City Creek Park

    • CC016
    • Near the south entrance to City Creek Park.
    • Valley; bridge; channelization; recreational use; public landscaping, architecture
    • Entrance to City Creek Park

    • CC017
    • Entrance to City Creek Park at State St. & 2nd Ave. The creek flows under State street and joins the North Temple St. aqueduct that empties into the Jordan River.
    • Valley; signage; bridge; architecture; recreational use; public landscaping
    • Rock Crushers in City Creek

    • CC1000
    • Image shows a general view of a gravel pit and yard in City Creek Canyon.
    • Canyons; Mountains; Gravel mines and mining; Quarries and quarrying;

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