Table of Contents
Collection Overview +/-
Collection Inventory +/-
series: I. Joseph City
box 1: Account Books and Autobiographies
folder 1: Bushman, John
Account book of February 1880-December 1882 (original and copy). His appraising book and company business. Includes appraisal of horses, harnesses, saddles, and other farm equipment. Farm labor records. Account of crops raised.
folder 2: Bushman, John
Account book for November 1882-May 1931 (original). Business transactions of Joseph City.
folder 3: Bushman, John
Account book of July 1886-December 1907 (original and copy). General ledger for Joseph City business.
folder 4: McLaws, John
Account book for July 1891-August 1893 (original).
folder 5: Adams, D. E.
Taken from Arizona Historical Review. 3 pages.
folder 6: Walbeck, Eunice
"Memories of My Life," compiled in the summer of 1949. 6 pages.
box 2: Biographies and Correspondence
folder 1: Allen, William Coleman
Called to help start settlements along the Little Colorado in the winter of 1876. He was the head of Joseph City, Arizona. Arrived March 1876 and stayed until August 1884. 8 pages.
folder 2: Bushman, John
Miscellaneous biographical material. 7 pages.
folder 3: Bushman, Lois A. (1844-1921)
Brief sketch of the pioneer life of Lois A. Smith Bushman, born near Little Rock, Arkansas, January 25, 1844. Parents were converts to L.D.S. church. Family moved to Salt Lake City in September 1850.
She married John Bushman February 11, 1865. He was called January 1876, along with two hundred other men, by Brigham Young to help start settlements on the Little Colorado. He was with the William C. Allen Company (Joseph City) where he was appointed first counselor and supervisor of farming. His family did not join him until December 1878.
Lois was actively involved in church and community activities throughout her life. She was president of the Relief Society in Joseph City. She organized educational sessions, reading circles, amateur concerts, entertainments, etc. "She became, as always, the leader." When the need arose, she studied her books and assumed nursing duties.
John and Lois Bushman celebrated their Fiftieth Wedding Anniversary in Joseph City but moved to Lehi for their last years. Lois Bushman died September 19, 1921.
The author gives good descriptions of the general progress and organization of the various settlements. See pages 9, 13, 21, 28-31. 36 pages.
folder 4: Hansen, Joseph Christian (1854-1930)
"Joseph C. Hansen Story," compiled by Alice S. Hansen. Bound volume.
J. C. Hansen was born in Liverpool, England, January 16, 1854, during his family's journey to Zion. He married Anna Sophia Knudsen, November 23, 1877, in St. George. They then proceeded to Joseph City, Arizona, to make their home.
In 1883, after the United Order was superceded by the stewardship system, Joseph and his family moved away from the fort and homesteaded in Joseph City Wash as it is now known.
The story gives the general life history of J. C. Hansen and his family. Included in the book are life sketches of both of his wives, Anna S. Knudsen and Emma Swenson. There are also articles by other members of Joseph City as follows: "Tributes and Recollections," by John L. Westover; "Sentiments from the Shelley Family," by Thomas H. Shelley; "A Note of Appreciation from the Richards Family," by Emma Richards Facer; "I Remember the Hansens," by George S. Tanner; "A Tribute from the McLaws Family," by Estella Cummins; Minutes of the Swenson Reunion; excerpts from the talk given by Edith S. Bushman at the funeral of Emma S. Hansen, March 22, 1945.
Comprehensive genealogical sheets of Joseph C. Hansen and family. 70 pages and photographs.
folder 5: Ladd, Samuel Greenleaf (1818-1893)
Accompanied William C. Allen in the settlement of Joseph City. Died in Joseph City April 1893. 4 pages.
folder 6: McLaws, John
"The Versatile Pioneer," an anonymous article about John McLaws and his life in Joseph City from 1876-1885. During this period, he could be considered a carpenter, wheelwright, blacksmith, painter, musician, teacher, watchmaker, civil servant, etc. As the demand arose, he developed the necessary skill. 32 pages.
folder 7: Randall, Alfred B., and Others
Biographical sketches and personal records. 8 pages.
folder 8: Richard, Joseph Hill, and Family
This biography covers the period February 1866-1883 (Xerox of original and typescript). Went to Arizona with George Lake's Company which disbanded before any real settlement was started. Joined W. C. Allen's group in Joseph City in March 1877. Joseph City was organized into a United Order in May 1877. Majority of the time was spent in building dams which all washed out resulting in poor crop yields for Joseph City. A few miscellaneous items included. Author of the biography not listed. 37 pages.
folder 9: Shelley, James Edward, and Margaret H.
Traveled with William C. Allen Company in 1876 to establish their home in Arizona. They settled in Joseph City and remained there from March 1876 until August 1882. No author listed. Also a biography written by their son Thomas Shelley. 117 pages.
folder 10: Tanner, Henry Martin
"Henry Martin Tanner, Joseph City Arizona Pioneer," by George S. Tanner. This biography was written by Henry Martin Tanner's son in 1964.
The Mormon colony of San Bernardino was established in 1851 and abandoned by the faithful in 1857 when Brigham Young ordered them back to Utah because of the approach of Johnston's army. The Sidney Tanner family was among the first colonists who settled Beaver City, Utah Territory, upon their return from California. Henry Martin Tanner grew up in Beaver and married Eliza Ellen Parkinson in 1877, in the St. George Temple just after he received his call to go to Arizona to colonize.
This group of Arizona pioneers crossed the Colorado River at Pearce's Ferry March 19, 1878, taking two days to ferry the wagons and animals across. They joined the settlers at Joseph City the first part of May 1878.
Those called on the mission to Arizona were expected to enter the United Order. This concept succeeded in varying degrees. In Joseph City it lasted ten years. The Articles of Association and Rules of the United Order had to be signed by all who participated. Consecration of properties was expected and recorded by a board of appraisers. People withdrawing from the Order were reimbursed according to the amount given and labor performed. In 1882-83 the Order was changed to a stewardship.
Necessity demanded that the colonies be self-supporting. They had their own gristmill, sawmill, tannery, spinning wheels and looms, and dairy. Attempts at fruit and berry raising were unsuccessful because of the climate. In 1885 under the stewardship, Henry M. Tanner chose land to improve and build a house on. The following chapters portray a good picture of life in Joseph City.
Genealogical information on the Henry Martin Tanner family is included in the biography. 140 pages.
folder 11: Walbeck, Alexander William (1866-1920)
Joined Joseph City United Order on May 5, 1880. Withdrew in February of the following year. Returned December 1884 and taught school. Much time spent shearing sheep and plowing fields. Left Joseph City again in January of 1890. Died July 28, 1920. 9 pages.
folder 12: Westover, Joanna
Family history, biographical sketches, and genealogical sheets.
Married E. Lycurgus Westover in 1874. They arrived at the site of what is now Joseph City among the first settlers of the Little Colorado Valley with the William C. Allen group. Westover died November 1877 leaving her with two children. Before his death, he made a bargain with Henry Despain to raise the children unto him for the afterlife. From this marriage, Joanna gave birth to seven more children. All, including Joanna, retained the Westover name. She raised all nine children with very little or no help from Despain who had another family to care for. She remained in Joseph City until her death in January 1929. 17 pages.
folder 13: Blythe, John L.
To Brigham Young, January 20, 1874. Acknowledges appointment to lead a mission to the Orabi. Has informed the men who are to accompany him.
To Brigham Young and George A. Smith, March 13, 1874. Informs them that the company has arrived safely in Kanab.Tells of hardships encountered along the way and that all the men are not in good health.
To Brigham Young, April 8, 1874. Tells that those on the mission to the Oraibi farm arrived safely March 1874. Relates experiences with the Indians and hardships of the trip. Though the facilities for farming are poor, they will cultivate all the land they can. Requests counsel and guidance.
folder 14: Bushman, John
To Wilford Woodruff, October 10, 1888.
To Wilford Woodruff, December 1888. Tells of the dam washing out. People are somewhat discouraged. Requests more people and assistance.
To Wilford Woodruff, December 5, 1888.
To daughter Lillian A. Bushman, July 6, 1893.
folder 15: Donaldson, John
To Mrs. George T. Kitt, November 13, 1935. Includes a song written by Donaldson about the 1879 pioneers.
folder 16: Richards, Joseph H.
To Brigham Young, January 8, 1877. Asks permission to leave George Lake and begin new settlement.
To George Goddard, August 19, 1883.
To the Brethren in Salt Lake, February 16, 1883.
To Presidents Taylor and Cannon, July 17, 1885. Tells of several brethren leaving the settlements to escape imprisonment (because of polygamy?).
To George Q. Cannon. September 9, 1887.
To Brother Reynolds, April 20, November 1, and November 10, 1891.
folder 17: Tanner, Henry M.
To Ammon Tenney while in prison, July 13, 1885, and November 10, 1891.
folder 18: Westover, Joanna
To E. L. Westover, her husband, July 22, 1877. Two copies, each in a different handwriting.
folder 19: Young, John W.
Letters to John W. Young from several men of Joseph City, May 2, 1881; August 16, 1883; and May 31, 1884.
box 3: Diaries
folder 1: Blythe, John A.
John A. Blythe was born on September 16, 1856, in Nevada City, California. His parents were John Law and Margaret Mitchell Blythe. Mention is made in the diary of a sister,Lizzie, and two half-brothers, David and James. At the time of the journey to Arizona, John A. Blythe was not married as he mentions corresponding with a number of lady friends. In 1860 he moved with his parents to Salt Lake City, Utah, where he lived until 1864. The family then moved to "Rodses" (Rhoades) Valley, Summit County, forty miles east of Salt Lake City. In 1865 he was baptized into the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. In 1866 the family returned to Salt Lake City, where John remained until called on a mission to settle Arizona in 1876. Prior to leaving for Arizona, John was rebaptized on January 26, 1876. On the thirty-first of the same month he was ordained an elder by Orson Pratt and received his endowments. He left for Arizona on February 3, 1876.
The first page of the typescript contains a copy of a short history of John A. Blythe, apparently written on May 20, 1876, while in Arizona. It includes a brief summary of his life. Following this material the diary begins.
February 3, 1876
Started for Arizona.
February 4, 1876
Continued on with partner, Theodore G. Angell. Arrived at Lehi, Utah.
February 10, 1876
Traveled to Taylorsville, Utah, through heavy, drifted snow.
February 20, 1876
Reached Panguitch, Utah, with snow a foot deep.
March 3, 1876
Arrived at Kanab, Utah.
March 8, 1876
Left Kanab, and traveled to Johnson's.
March 15, 1876
Arrived at House Rock Springs, Arizona.
March 20, 1876
Reached the banks of the Colorado River.
March 21, 1876
Crossed the Colorado River at Lee's Ferry.
March 28, 1876
Reached the Little Colorado River, which seemed to be as large as the Jordan River in Utah.
April 6, 1876
Arrived at Sunset Crossing, and crossed the Little Colorado River on the seventh.
April 9, 1876
Reached destination twenty miles above Sunset Crossing.
April 10, 1876
Commenced working on a log house to be used as a dining and storage room for the company.
April 16, 1876
Drew a quarter section of land eleven miles down the river.
April 17, 1876
Nominated night herder along with Theodore Angell.
April 30, 1876
Worked on a dam in the forenoon.
May 7, 1876
Twelve of the boys wrote a letter to Miss Louisa Hill at Lake's camp, asking her to come to their camp if Lake made it too warm for her.
May 26, 1876
Name of Allen City chosen for the camp.
May 31, 1876
Four Navajos visited camp, entertaining the members wich war dances and songs.
June 3, 1876
Visited Lot Smith's camp, and saw Brigham Young, Jr., Daniel H. Wells, and Erastus Snow.
June 13, 1876
Went to lower camp to work on a well which is to be in the center of the proposed fort.
July 4, 1876
Took part in a salute of small arms fire before sunup. Various activities during the day, such as jumping, wrestling, etc. Dance held in the evening.
July 10, 1876
A party of emigrants from Kansas passed through on their way to Prescott, Arizona.
July 13, 1876
Quarried rock for the fort.
July 19, 1876
Dam washed out, the river rising two or three feet in just a few minutes.
July 30, 1876
Brethren unanimously in favor of stewardship, thinking the United Order too far advanced for them at present.
August 5, 1876
Left camp with a sawmill party to locate claims in Paleasant Valley.
August 9, 1876
Reached Pleasant Valley, a marshy meadow six miles long and five miles wide.
August 10, 1876
Commenced laying foundations of houses for the proposed settlement.
August 20, 1876
Left Pleasant Valley, after laying foundations for eleven houses.
August 22, 1876
Arrived at Allen City, found all but three of the families at the fort.
August 23, 1876
Moved into the fort and worked on a room.
September 2, 1876
Started again for Pleasant Valley in the evening.
September 6, 1876
Arrived in Pleasant Valley.
September 20, 1876
Worked on the houses in the valley up to this date and then started for Allen City.
September 22, 1876
Arrived at Sunset Crossing and remained the next few days.
September 25, 1876
Arrived at Allen City.
October 13, 1876
Started with a party of men to set up a sawmill. Arrived at site on the fifteenth and worked on the mill for next few weeks.
November 28, 1876
Started for Allen City, making a very difficult trip to secure supplies for the mill workers, who are running low on food. Arrived at Allen City on the twenty-ninth.
December 10, 1876
Brother Clark arrived in the evening with a load of lumber from the mill.
December 19, 1876
Started to build four additional houses in the fort.
December 25, 1876
Theodore Angell went to Barnarados for a little moonshine. Had a fine Christmas dinner while he was away.
December 27, 1876
Started for the sawmill for a load of lumber.
December 30, 1876
Arrived at the sawmill and started on return trip on the first of January 1877.
January 6, 1877
Arrived with lumber at Allen City.
January 9, 1877
President Allen arrived today. "The prospect of my being able to go home is begining to brighten. The day cannot come any to soon for my purposes."
January 24, 1877
Wrote out agreement for cooperation between Allen City and Obed for sharing certain dam and water ditch.
February 5, 1877
Released from putting in the old dam that washed out.
February 11, 1877
Forwarded a letter to President J. D. T. McAllister, asking that a tithing order be made up, drawable on all tithing offices between St. George and Salt Lake City, Utah.
February 25, 1877
Lonesome Sunday. Little to read.
March 8, 1877
Started to Salt Lake City, Utah, in a company of nine person.
March 15, 1877
Arrived at Moenkopi.
March 20, 1877
Reached Lee's Ferry and crossed the Colorado River.
March 26, 1877
Arrived at Kanab, Utah.
April 5, 1877
Left Kanab for St. George, Utah.
April 8, 1877
Arrived at St. George, Utah.
End of Diary for 1876-77
April 30, 1878
Added notation: Spent day working on five acre lot. Father John L. Blythe left for mission for the Mormon church to Scotland.
End of Diary
folder 2: Bushman, John
Born June 7, 1843, Nauvoo, Illinois. Came to Utah in 1851. Married Lois A. Smith February 11, 1865, Salt Lake City, twelve children. Family home in Lehi. Married Mary Ann Peterson March 2, 1877, St. George, Utah, four children.
Bishp of St. Joseph Ward 1887; second counselor to President Lot Smith; high priest; called to settle in northern Arizona 1876. Veteran of Black Hawk War. Member Snowflake Stake. Member of Board of Education for twenty-three years. Farmer and stockraiser. Died 1926.
The Bushman diaries have been typed by George S. Tanner and bound in two volumes. They are hand-numbered consecutively to facilitate the use of the index. Part I, 1871-1889; Prt II, 1890-1923. On pages 1 and 2 there is a note by George S. Tanner telling of the search for the John Bushman diaries from which the typescript was made.
The diary, beginning January 1, 1871, is a daily record of happenings relating to everyday living.
January 23, 1876
Called to Arizona with James S. Robinson and Peter Christofferson.
January 28, 1876
Made out list for Arizona.
January 29, 1876
Organized into Fifties--Wiliam Allen our captain.
February 9, 1876
Traveled as far as Provo.
March 9, 1876
Came ten miles to the ferry on the Colorado and crossed. Paid $1.00.
March 24, 1876
Brown's camp. Pretty good land here. Brother Brown thinks we should stay here. Tried to plow. Soil looked salty.
March 30, 1876
Brother Lake and company went over to the river.
March 31, 1876
President Smith, Peter Wood, and myself came down the river and made five claims. Came down the river and made five claims. Came down the river and made three more claims.
April 15, 1876
Made eight more claims--total thirty-one claims. We drew for claims. I drew Number 19.
April 17, 1876
Moved our provisions in our house and gave it in on stock. H. Rasmussen, Dick Carlisle, and self got ready to go to Kanab.
April 18, 1876
Came down twenty-five miles to Lot Smith camp.
May 3, 1876
Arrived in Kanab. Made purchase of supplies needed for Arizona settlement.
May 14, 1876
May 23, 1876
Paid Mrs. Lee (John D.) fifty cents for washing. Paid Brother Johnson fifty pounds flour and $2.50 cash for taking their loads on the ferry.
May 29, 1876
President Wells and party came up. They went to Moenkopi.
June 6, 1876
Glad to get back.
June 7, 1876-August 1, 1876
Worked on the fort, planted corn, etc.
August 3, 1876
"Got my wagons ready for home."
August 6, 1876
Came past Lot Smith camp and Brother Ballinger's camp.
August 20, 1876
Arrived in St. George. Very pretty town. Went through temple and tabernacle--beautiful buildings.
August 22, 1876
Came to Washington. Went through Washington cotton mills and through Harrisburg.
September 2, 1876
Arrived home. Family all well.
October 8, 1876
Met the Arizona missionaries. Made arrangements for going back.
October 9-December 31, 1876
Remained at home making molasses, butchering, cutting and hauling wood, etc.
February 7, 1877
Miss Mary Peterson sealed to me.
February 8, 1877
Loaded my wagon for Arizona with seven hundred pounds of flour, two bushels of wheat, fifteen pounds of lucern and garden seed, one hundred pounds of bacon, twenty pounds of rice, twenty-five pounds of sugar, one hundred pounds of oats, and groceries.
February 12, 1877
Started for Arizona. Mary Peterson and my daughter Lois with me.
March 2, 1877
Mary Anne Peterson and I went to St. George temple. I had her sealed to me by Erastus Snow.
March 6, 1877
Started for Arizona.
March 19, 1877
"Camped 2 miles to the river .... We ferried our wagons across on Brother Peaces boat. Got them over at 4 o'clock safe. We could not get our animals down the bank to fold them. In the evening by moonlite we had a boat ride. All the women, and had some good singing, 9 o'clock when we stopped."
March 20, 1877
"We tried to ford our stock and swim them but could not make them take the water. Then we ferried and towed them all across--35 head of horses and 30 of cattle. The stock was very hard to get on the boat and got the last boat load over at sundown...."
April 15, 1877
"... saw where the Boston Colony had located at the south west end of the valley. They have built a small stockade and layed out a town."
April 29, 1877
Came to Brother Lot Smith's camp. Ate supper at the big table.
April 39, 1877
Two Brothers Westover and I came to Allen's camp.
May 1, 1877
President Allen gave them a room.
May 2, 1877
Brother Hunt and H. Tanner had dinner and went on.
May 3, 1877
Enclosed a place to plant grape cuttings.
May 7, 1877
Brother Tanner decided to join the Allen camp.
May 8, 1877
Turned 275 pounds of flour, 40 pounds of bacon, 51 gallons of molasses, beans, lucern seed, and fruit into the storehouse.
June 4, 1877
Went to the river and attended to rebaptizing and confirming. Laid down rules to govern in the United Order.
June 5, 1877
Met and organized as follows: W. C. Allen, president; John Bushman, first vice president; Joseph H. Richards, second vice president; Peter Borrup, treasurer; Henry M. Tanner, secretary; W. C. Allen, J. H. Richards, and John Bushman as appraising committee.
September 6, 1877
Had a meeting to decide where to put gristmill. Decided to construct it at Brother Ballenger's camp and all the camps to share alike in proceeds.
October 4, 1877
Arkansas Company (seventy members) came here. Our camp got supper for them.
January 18, 1878
Wagon arrived. Occupants have smallpox.
January 29, 1878
J. W. Young counseled Joseph Richards, Isaac Turley, and John Bushman to start the big table as soon as possible.
March 5, 1878
Began building the dining room and kitchen.
April 5, 1878
Started to Utah.
April 15, 1878
Paid four brooms to cross on the ferry. Ate dinner with Sister Lee. There were 9,000 sheep crossing the river.
December 13, 1878
Settled up business matters and returned to St. Joseph.
January 1, 1879
St. Joseph. Met and chose board of directors: J. Richards, W. C. Allen, F. H. Nielson, and J. Shelley.
May 31, 1879
Wilford Woodruff spoke at conference.
July 1, 1879
John Bushman and W. Allen set apart as counselors to Lot Smith in Little Colorado Stake.
August 12, 1879
Cut wheat. A lot of Navajos are here gleaning.
October 27, 1879
Finished making molasses. We had about 250 gallons this year.
November 25, 1879
Made six brooms.
November 26, 1879
Made four brooms.
February 11, 1880
Finished threshing--seven hundred bushels of wheat, one hundred of oats, and one hundred of barley.
February 14, 1880
Took inventory of company stock and appraised property.
Similar entries as previous years--dam, ditches, sowing, reaping, meetings, conferences, etc.
August 6, 1882
Brother Richards came from Snowflake and got the money from the railroad company--$1,500 and over $1,400 for wool sent East.
October 25, 1882
Male members of the United Order met. Plans discussed and ideas exchanged on the plan of stewardship. Many were not happy with the way the United Order was working.
December 5, 1882
Helped to settle up with M. B. Steel as he wants to "draw out" of U.O.
December 29, 1882
Came to Snowflake. Attended a theater in the evening "Charcoal Burner" and "Todlekins." A sister in St. Joseph made over five hundred yards of cloth in 1882.
January 5, 1883
Meeting called to consider stewardship to each family. "J. C. Hansen's motion was put and carried that stewardship be allotted to each family."
January 6, 1883
Worked in the storehouse and drew two cows as a commencement of stewardship.
January 26, 1883
Apostles B. Young and Heber J. Grant expected to help settle stewardships.
February 13, 1883
Land apportioned to those who are farmers.
February 16, 1883
Received a carload of flour--20,000 pounds, cost $3.85 per hundred.
March 21, 1883
Attended meeting in the evening. Speakers Udall, H. Grant, and Young. They spoke on the Word of Wisdom very strong.
July 2, 1883
The mower, reaper, and sulky rake allotted to J. C. Hansen and John Bushman.
August 25, 1883
Came to Sunset. President Lot Smith, Jesse N. Smith, Hunt, and Hatch. President L. Smith presented general church officers and stake officers and named this place Wilford.
September 21-September 26, 1883
October 1, 1883
Started to Salt Lake City by rail.
October 6, 1883
Attended conference. George Q. Cannon and Wilford Woodruff spoke. Total of 127,225 souls in the church.
November 2, 1883
Visited the Deseret News printing press and the electric light manufacturing plant.
November 8, 1883
Left Salt Lake City for Arizona with wife Lois and family.
November 9, 1883
Visited Brigham Young Academy. President Smoot and counselors were there.
December 7, 1883
Arrived back at St. Joseph. Wife Mary ill.
February 24, 1884
St. Joseph brethren settled up their business with Sunset. They found they owned about one sixth of all the joint businesses. Some wanted to draw out their shares.
February 25, 1884
President Smith wished them to work together and not draw apart.
April 20, 1884
Business meeting at Sunset. "It was decided to draw out all our interests from Sunset. Those in favor were Brothers Richards, Tanner, McLaws, Despain, and Peterson, not in favor, Allen Hansen, Ladd and Bushman."
September 28, 1884
Mr. Cooley was going to Prescott to testify against polygamists.
November 19, 1884
Went to Albuquerque to meet wife Mary returning from Utah.
November 20, 1884
Visited the Indian school in Albuquerque, partly supported by the U. S. government and partly by the Pres-byterian Home Mission.
December 7, 1884
Bushman is advised to leave Arizona "as the officers would soon be after me also." J. N. Smith, L. H. Hatch, J. Fish, J. Standifird, and Bushman started down the river.
January 1, 1885
J. N. Smith and L. H. Hatch took the train to Salt Lake City. Standifird and Bushman drove the teams.
January 5, 1885
"Came to S. L. City with Bro. Hatch. Met with Pres. Cannon. Asked for assistance for the brethren sent to prison in Arizona. He said we were to do all we could and then the Church would help us out."
February 10, 1885
Returned to Arizona after working in the temple and visiting in Utah.
July 5, 1885
Bushman's wife Mary died.
December 31, 1885
Bushman reviewed the year and gave thanks to God that he is at peace with all mankind.
January 26, 1886
Closed up the woolen mill.
February 8, 1886
Organized an irrigation board.
June 14, 1886
Organized a company to move the Sunset mill. Tenney to superintend the work.
August 10, 1886
Young, Snow, and Teasdale instructed the company to organize a committee to settle the Sunset U.O. business. Committee: John Bushman, Thomas W. Brook-bank, David Udall, H. Burk, and F. G. Nielson.
August 11, 1886
Burk, Nielson, and Bushman went to the Sunset dairy to appraise stock and equipment.
August 14, 1886
At Sunset repaired corrals, "cropping sheep," and "marking cattle."
August 26, 1886
"We came to the spring and salted the sheep and counted them. There were 2,400 head."
August 28, 1886
"Brother L. Smith made a proposition that he would give us (the committee) 1000 head of cattle and 20 saddle horses and all the property and debts and he would keep the horses, sheep, dairy, Brookbank Spring and Grapevine ranch ... we would have to list all property and appraise it."
August 29-September 5, 1886
Branded cattle and horses. Appraised property.
September 12, 1886
". . . We talked of a sad charge against Lot Smith."
September 13, 1886
Agreed to offer the sheep to Brother Lot Smith and sell the stock at $20.00 per head.
December 7, 1886
"Committee met . . . gave Bro. Smith credit for all the property he had given to him while working in the Order and allowed him $1500 a year for working and let him have the sheep at $2.00 per head and horses on the ranch at $50.00. Called [culled?] 175 head."
December 17, 1886
Went to Sunset. Counted the sheep (2,423).
January 10, 1887
Attended an Order meeting. Arranged prices on produce and did some other business.
February 21-25, 1887
Worked on schoolhouse.
March 11, 1887
The High Council disfellowshipped Bishop Hunt.
June 3, 1887
Worked on Sunset U.O. Company's settlement.
June 12, 1887
"All my family went to the field and we dedicated our crops and lands to the Lord and thanked him for his care over us to the present."
July 15, 1887
Committee for Sunset U.O. tried to settle with Lot Smith. "He tries to get all he can."
August 1-3, 1887
Appraised and distributed the property of Sunset U.O.
August 29, 1887-September 26, 1887
Busy with the settlement of U.O. Lot Smith abusive.
December 18, 1887
Bushman ordained bishop of St. Joseph.
January 20, 1888
Met with the U.O. Company. Committee appointed to settle St. Joseph U.O.: John Bushman, John McLaws, J. C. Hansen, and J. H. Richards.
February 1, 1888
Bushman gave lecture on the blessings of plural marriage.
September 19, 1888
Bushman served on jury.
October 1, 1888
August 19, 1889
Filed on land at St. Johns.
October 1, 1889
Left for a visit to Salt Lake City.
October 5, 1889
Speakers at conference in Salt Lake City were Moses Thatcher, John Henry Smith, and B. H. Roberts.
October 10, 1889
Went to see about the Sunset U.O. books at the Historian's Office. Reported on the U.O. in a meeting with the Presidency and some of the apostles.
November 8, 1889
Visited with cousin Emma Lee. "She soon commenced to tell how bad the Mormons were and especially polygamy. She seemed very bitter."
November 15, 1889
". . . to Sister Ellen Wolfords who performed a charm on my eye."
December 31, 1889
Last entry of Part I
folder 3: Bushman, John
Diaries of John Bushman, Part II, 1890-1923.
January 28, 1890
Visited the academy in Snowflake. Pleased with the way it was conducted.
February 13, 1890
Appointed watermaster for the year.
June 1, 1891
Worked on dam. From ten to twenty-five men and boys working. Some from Snowflake.
June 8, 1891
Raised water in the dam so it would flow into the ditches.
September 1, 1891
Bushman's eyes very weak and sore.
July 1, 1892
Four stakes gathered at Pinetop--Snowflake, St. Johns, St. Joseph, and Mesa stakes. Built a large pavilion, tables, and benches. Bishop Hunt appointed martial of the camps. President George Q. Cannon officiated. Joseph F. Smith spoke. Two men appointed from each stake to "get up" a program to celebrate the Fourth of July. A planed floor was laid, lighted by forty-eight candles, where "22 cotillion could dance."
July 5, 1892
Conference convened. At 1:00 p.m. the First Presidency gave a reception. Each stake by families passed through the pavilion and shook hands with Presidents Cannon, Smith, and Reynolds.
December 31, 1892
"Our circumstances are some better than last year having raised a moderate crop. We have donated some for the completion of the S. L. temple. We are thankful for a name and standing in the Church of Christ."
March 31, 1893
Left Holbrook for Salt Lake City.
April 6, 1893
"2200 leading priesthood were admitted to the temple. We were conducted through all the principal rooms and explained the uses of the different departments, representations . . . all very grand and magnificent."
April 27, 1893
Started return trip to Arizona. Most of the entries for 1893 deal with his work on the farm, on the ditch, on the dam, and his church meetings.
March 24, 1896
Celebrated the arrival of Mormon pioneers in Arizona, March 24, 1876.
April 8, 1896
Made a contract to carry the mail once a week from Holbrook to Young P. O. in Pleasant Valley for $825 per year; or semi-weekly for $1,550.
September 22, 1896
"Making molasses. Very early in the morning the angel of peace visited me and administered peace to my soul."
September 29, 1896
Finished making molasses--three hundred gallons.
February 11, 1897
Bushman's son Wickliff, twenty-three years of age died.
August 15, 1897
Karl G. Maeser gave instructions on Sunday School work.
August 27, 1897
Attended Board of Education meeting. Will make an effort to start a stake church school in Woodruff.
October 6, 1898
In Salt Lake for church conference. Apostle J. H. Smith gave notice that the stakes should pay their proportion on the Hyrum Smith monument.
November 7, 1898
Attended a Republican rally where Rulon S. Wells spoke in support of Republican principles.
November 21, 1898
Left Lehi to return to Arizona.
June 7, 1899
John Bushman is fifty-six years old.
July 2, 1899
President Snow spoke in Salt Lake City on the Law of Consecration.
July 5, 1899
Visited Saltair and had a bath in Great Salt Lake.
December 31, 1900
"This has been a busy and prosperous year for us--beter crops than usual .... This is the close of the most remarkable century the world ever saw."
Few entries concerned with the usual topics--work, church, ditches, planting, etc.
July 6, 1902
Went on a short mission to "the states" to visit relatives and look up genealogy.
July 10, 1902
Independence, Missouri. Visited Bishop May of the Josephite church. May censured Brigham Young "for introducing plural marriage and leading the people astray." Hederickites have a church built on the temple lot.
July 11, 1902
Visited Swift Packing Company.
July 17, 1902
Described his visit to Nauvoo and Carthage Jail.
August 3, 1902
Heard a phonograph for the first time.
August 12, 1902
Diptheria very bad. No meetings or school for two months. Many deaths.
December 31, 1902
"The year 1902 closes with all well and our circumstances are some better than ever before, and our family paying a better tithing than ever before."
March 19, 1903
Staked off the new schoolhouse.
April 16, 1903
Henry M. Tanner charged John McLaws with taking his land.
April 26, 1903
Charge sustained and McLaws ordered by Bishops Court to removed the fence.
May 30, 1903
Bushman to attend to brick making for the new school.
June 7, 1903
Bushman sixty years old.
August 15, 1903
Counsel on dances requested from Apostle Clawson, Joseph McMurrin, and Sister Campbell.
December 31, 1903
Settled tithing. Holbrook paid $1,907.00. Very prosperous year.
October 24, 1904
Visited St. Louis fair with wife. Described some of the exhibits.
December 8, 1904
Arrived home after seven weeks in St. Louis, Chicago, Texas, and New Mexico. Tithing paid in ward for 1904, $1,795.65.
October 6, 1905
Arrived in Salt Lake City for conference. Speakers were George A. Smith, H. M. Smith, and Apostle Smoot.
October 16, 1905
Visited the sugar factory.
August 4, 1909
Prepared for trip by train to Portland, Oregon, and Seattle, Washington, where they attended the fair.
August 23, 1909
Arrived back in Ogden and Salt Lake City.
August 27, 1909
Bushman, Brown, and went to Salt Lake to apply for pension for Black Hawk War. Discussed polygamy and Mountain Meadows with people traveling on the train.
February 6, 1911
Left for Los Angeles to have cancerous growth removed from his face.
February 10, 1912
Mormons encouraged to acquire all the land they could.
April 22, 1912
Back to Los Angeles for more treatments for cancer on face.
April 23, 1912
Went to Pasadena. Saw the Busch gardens and others.
April 26, 1912
November 6, 1913
Visited Phoenix. Engaged an automobile to take him to the Roosevelt Dam.
February 7, 1914
George Albert Smith spoke in conference.
June 7-August 1, 1914
Visited in Salt Lake City and other towns in Utah; attended to temple work; traveled through southern Idaho, Yellowstone Park, and back to Los Angeles for more treatments on his face for cancer.
January 1, 1916
St. Joseph paid $3,452.62 in tithing for 1915.
Spent time visiting and completing temple work. Bushman is seventy-three years old.
June 23, 1917
Bought a small home in Lehi.
June 27, 1917
Worked in genealogical library.
Continued to work in the temple
June 27, 1918
Dedication of the Hyrum Smith monument in the cemetery. Remarks by Heber J. Grant, Junius Wells, Charles W. Penrose, Joseph F. Smith, and Seymour B. Young. Spent his time doing temple work, recording his genealogy, and writing in his diaries.
February 5, 1919
Black Hawk War pension granted.
May 21, 1919
Lehi celebrated the homecoming of most of the 214 boys who fought in World War I. Governor Bamberger and General R. W. Young attended.
September 20, 1921
Lois Smith Bushman died. Body taken to St. Joseph, Arizona, for burial.
Visited daughter June in Lethbridge, Canada. Went through the Cardston temple.
August 10, 1923
folder 4: Hunt, May
Excerpts taken from her journal, December 1876-April 1, 1888. Records the hardships of their journey to Joseph City, Arizona where they made their home. 4 pages.
folder 5: McAllister, Daniel Handley
Northern Arizona Period, 1876-77. This journal begins with a short autobiographical sketch of McAllister's life up to the point when he volunteered to go to Arizona to "make a settlement." He went with the William C. Allen Company, which started the trip February 1, 1876. He kept a record of miles traveled each day from Salt Lake City to Arizona and mentioned in his diary where they camped, the weather conditions, etc. It snowed during much of the trip and the road was very rough. They arrived at the site destined for settlement on March 30, 1876.
April 1, 1876
Chopped trees down for house foundations. Hard looking country.
April 10, 1876
Drove team and hauled brush for the roof of the house. Hauled some rock to build a cookhouse.
McAllister's diary is primarily concerned with the different work projects in which he was involved while getting the settlement underway. He worked at the masonry, the dam and the ditch; helped build a bridge for the mail to cross the water ditch; built a bowery to hold meetings in; hauled rock for houses; planted corn and irrigated; began construction of a fort; and hauled logs to build a corral. He records a trip to Kanab for provisions. McAllister asked permission to return to Salt Lake City and obtained it. He began his journey home March 8, 1877. His last journal entry is dated March 31, 1877. Bound volume. 16 pages.
folder 6: McLaws, John, Jr.
This is a copy of the original diary of John McLaws, Jr. The spelling and other markings are reproduced as nearly like the original as is possible in a typewritten copy. The original from which this copy was made is a ledger-type book with a label "Journal" on the back. The original is now in the possession of J. W. McLaws, of Holbrook, Arizona, who loaned the diary to have this copy made.
This diary focuses mainly on the life of John McLaws and family while in Joseph City, Arizona. He was called on the first Arizona mission in 1876 and remained there until the Little Colorado Stake was dissolved in July 1891. He then moved to Holbrook and worked in the Holbrook Store. Included in the diary is a detailed table of contents and a complete name list. Bound volume. 237 pages.
folder 7: Mc Laws, John, et al.
"Journals and Sketches of the McLaws, Bradshaw and Owens Family." This typewritten copy was made by George S. Tanner. The bound volume includes the journal of John W. McLaws and Ellen Elsie Bradshaw McLaws; a diary of Mary Ellen Owens Bradshaw; a short history of Horace Burr Owens; a short sketch of Ann Layne Owens; and genealogical information on Edward E. and Mary Ellen Bradshaw and family.
McLaws, John W.
John W. McLaws was eighteen years old when he began his diary in 1894. There are few entries in 1894-1899 and 1900. Patriarchal blessings of John W. McLaws are given.
McLaws, Ellen Elsie Bradshaw
An autobiographical sketch and diary entries and a patriarchal blessing are included. She was born in Virginia, Washington County, in 1882; the family moved to Joseph City when Elsie was a baby. The diary entries occur about once each year summarizing the events of that year.
In 1906 the McLaws moved to Colonia Juarez, Mexico. In 1909 they are running an ice cream store, a butcher shop, and another store in Juarez. December 9, 1912, they have been forced to leave Mexico and are back in Joseph City. The diary concludes in 1948 after many years of activity in Arizona. John W. McLaws continued to farm--buying and selling farms and building houses. In 1944 Elsie writes, "We are buillding us a new home. After all these years I hope it will be the last home to build." She continued to report the activities of her children all of whom were married.
Bradshaw, Mary Ellen Owens
Mary Ellen Owens Bradshaw, the mother of Ellen Elsie Bradshaw McLaws, moved to Woodruff, Arizona, in 1882. The diary entries are scarce but summarize a whole year's activities in some cases. In 1900 she joined her husband Edward E. Bradshaw in Mexico. She writes of life in the Mexican colony of "Marailles"--the variety of fruits and vegetables, etc. On December 1, 1901, she gave birth to her fourteenth child.
Floods in 1904 forced them to leave Mexico and return to Woodruff, Arizona.
They moved to Fort Apache, Arizona, where they did the laundry for the soldiers at the fort. Had her seventeenth child.
Left Fort Apache to return to Mexico.
Left "Marailles" and went to Douglas, Arizona; remained there three weeks and started to Hurricane, Utah.
Farming in Echo.
Death of Mary Ellen Owens Bradshaw
Owens, Horace Burr, and Sally Ann Layne
Early Mormon converts. Helped build Kirtland, Nauvoo, and Salt Lake temples. Moved to Fillmore in 1853 where they spent most of their lives.
folder 8: Porter, Rulon E.
Rulon Ensign Porter was the son of Sanford Marius and Nina Malinda Leavitt Porter. His middle name, Ensign, was derived from the maiden name of his paternal grandmother, Emma Ensign. Sanford M. Porter moved from Porterville, Utah, to Arizona in 1880 and established his family at Sunset. The author was born at this settlement on February 4, 1882. Two years later, in February 1884, Sanford moved his family to Joseph City, Arizona.
Extracts from R. E. Porter Diary, Book 1. Entries from March 11, 1894 to November 8, 1934.
Concerned with events and developments relating to church, school, economics, government, deaths, epidemics, etc. The following is a sampling of the entries.
March 28, 1895
"Land is cheap around here now, the best of it belonging to the Railroad Co., Is selling for about $5 an acre."
October 4, 1898
"The name of this place has been changed from St. Joseph to Joseph City. The cause being its mail and freight was sometimes being sent to St. Joseph, Missouri or visa versa."
April 18, 1915
"Biggest Flood in the Little Colorado River in the history of Joseph City."
July 6, 1916
"The local members of the State Militia have been called out to take part in patrol duty along the Mexican Border, during the present trouble with Mexico. New school house was completed in the spring."
December 10, 1916
"People of St. Joseph attempt to secure titles to the land upon which their homes were built."
Winslow Ward organized.
October 8, 1934
"Heber Ward organized."
Miscellaneous writings (2 pages). Includes an account of the exploration and early settlement of Joseph City. Also tells of the use of camels in Arizona.
Book 2. Miscellaneous entries (15 pages) bound with Book 1. Deals with such subjects as: irrigation company matters, Victor E. Westover affair, electricity in Joseph City in 1932, Mormon missionaries under Hamblin in 1858, killing of George A. Smith by Indians, Joseph City Irrigation Company By-laws and Articles of Incorporation.
folder 9: Richards, Joseph H.
Joseph Hill Richards, a patriarch in the Snowflake Stake, Arizona, was born December 5, 1841, in Canada, the son of John Richards and Agnes Hill. His father was among the first of those who left Nauvoo for the West as a pioneer early in February 1846. Returning to Nauvoo, he started west with his family in July of the same year. They stopped at Winter Quarters and in Iowa until 1851, when they reached the valley. Joseph was then nearly ten years old. With his parents he became a pioneer to Cache Valley, Utah, and assisted in building the first house in the old fort at Mendon. In 1864 he made a trip to the Missouri River as a church teamster after emigrants. In February 1876 he was called on a mission to Arizona, and located on the Little Colorado River where he assisted in building forts, dams, and water ditches, and where he had thirty years experience in trying to solve the very difficult problem of controlling the waters of that treacherous stream, the Little Colorado. In 1892-93 he filled a mission to Great Britain. In 1878, he was ordained a bishop and acted in that office ten years; during that time he presided over the Little Colorado Stake nearly three years. When the Snowflake Stake was organized in December 1887, he was called to the position of second counselor in the stake presidency, which position he held until February 10, 1907, when he was ordained a patriarch. Richards served as postmaster in St. Joseph, Arizona, and also held the offices of county treasurer and county commissioner.
These excerpts of the J. H. Richards Diaries are typescripts by George S. Tanner.
Book 1 (10 pages). Entries from January 15, 1876-December 31, 1876. This is a bound typescript of an original diary. No attempt was made to retain spelling errors in the diary.
Richards and his family were called to Arizona in January 1876. He tells of making arrangements for the trip and gives an account of the journey with the Lake Company.
Richards is primarily concerned with the farming aspects of the settlement and writes of building a dam and planting and watering crops. During the fall and winter months, he helps with the carpentry, hauls lumber and rock for buildings, works at the sawmill, and does some surveying for another dam. The diary includes supply lists, labor record, and letters received and written.
folder 10: Richards, Joseph H.
Book 2 (17 pages). Entries complete for 1881, scattered for 1885, and covers April 1-May 13, 1886.
The 1881 diary relates church and community activities and company business
January 1, 1881
Met with the St. Joseph United Order Company for the purpose of electing a board of officers for the year.
February 2, 1881
Settled tithing. Paid $864.
Writes often about the work on the dam and the ditch during the period January-March 1881. Works in the carpenter and blacksmith shops. Attends meetings and conferences in Sunset. Went to Holbrook occasionally to get supplies from ACMI.
The diary of J. H. Richards for the year 1885 has only a few entries. For example, he notes the price of wire for fencing, lists accounts with various people for tithing, lists stock turned in and sold, notes some marriages, and lists blessings of children. Also, he records transactions concerning beef animals, bulls, and sheep.
The diary of 1886 is owned by Morris Richards, grandson of Joseph H. The portion copied here deals with a trip Richards took to Salt Lake City and Cache Valley. A few miscellaneous transactions are also recorded.
box 4: Histories
folder 1: Buildings
"Public Buildings," no author. A sketch on the sites, plans size, and construction dates of public buildings in Joseph City, Arizona. 3 pages.
"Fort," no author. A short article on the construction of the stockade in Joseph City based on entries from several journals of the men who lived there. 2 pages.
"Joseph City's Places of Worship," by George S. Tanner. Begins with an interesting account of how the church called the families to the Arizona mission. Gives a general history and description of the buildings erected for community functions and worship during the period 1876-1909. 6 pages.
folder 2: Irrigation
"Pioneer Irrigation on the Little Colorado River," by Rulon E. Porter. A comprehensive history of irrigation along the Little Colorado. Concerned with such topics as floods, dam construction, geological conditions, and general difficulties of the pioneers of the settlements. Included is a specific history of the Joseph City Irrigation Company. Some of the aspects given consideration are: legal matters, incorporation and organization, real estate matters, outstanding leases, water rights, etc. 16 pages.
folder 3: Minutes of Allen City (Joseph City)
Copy of the minutes kept by the United Order of Joseph City, Arizona, from May 1876 to January 1887. The community was originally named Allen City but the name was later changed to St. Joseph in honor of the prophet Joseph. Still later, the name was changed to Joseph City because mail was confused with St. Joseph, Missouri.
This copy was made by George S. Tanner. Considerable care was exercised to make it an accurate copy. Many of the spelling and punctuation errors have been reproduced.
folder 4: Porter, Rulon E.
"Joseph City History," by Rulon E. Porter. This book contains a short history of the pioneer period in Joseph City, Arizona, written by the ward clerk. This copy was made by George S. Tanner. There are also excerpts from Porter's History of the Little Colorado River Valley (n.p., n.d.), Book 2 and miscellaneous writings concerning Joseph City.
folder 5: Udall, Jesse A.
"The Seventy-Fifth Anniversary of the Founding of Joseph City," address given by Jesse A. Udall. 10 pages
folder 6: Miscellaneous
Random thoughts, programs, "Joseph City History" chapter headings, etc. 9 pages.
series: II. Maricopa
box 5: Diaries, Biographies, Autobiographies, Correspondence, Histories
folder 1: Tenney, Ammon M.
The journal of Ammon M. Tenney begins October 20, 1875, when he was called to serve on a mission among the Indians. The mission included the Moquis, Zunis, Oimas, Maricopas, Navajos, Apaches, and Mexicans. He notes the conflict between the teachings of the Catholic priests and the Mormon missionaries. Those serving on the mission were T. Stewart, __ Pratt, Anthony W. Ivins, __ Jones, L. H. Hatch, R. H. Smith, James S. Brown, and Thales Haskell. Tenney mentions several times meeting Mr. J. Lorenzo Hubbell. Tenney started for home May 26, 1876. On August 9, 1876, he was called to return to the same mission. The last entry in the diary is September 10, 1876.
series: III. Moenkopi
box 5: (Continued)
folder 2: Blythe, John Law, and Family
Three short handwritten biographies by Pearl Elizabeth Mitchel Boyce of the following: John Law Blythe, Margaret Mitchell Blythe (wife of John Law Blythe), and Elizabeth Ann Blythe (daughter of John and Margaret Blythe). Included is an autobiographical sketch of Pearl Elizabeth Mitchell Boyce (daughter of Elizabeth Ann Blythe and Thomas Huston Mitchell).
folder 3: Young, John R.
To Brigham Young from Kanab, Utah, 1874. Describes the incident in which three Navajos were killed and the attempts at reconciliation with the Navajo Indians. Gives a very good picture of MoenKopi and the Oraibi village.
folder 4: Amundsen, Andrew
A typescript copy by George Tanner of Andrew Amundsen's journal of a mission to the San Francisco Mountains beginning March 1873 and ending June 27, 1873.
Amundsen describes the trip to the San Francisco Mountains. They reached MoenKopi May 1. Jacob Hamblin and two others (not named) went to the Indian village and returned the next day accompanied by Tuba and other Indians from the village.
Amundsen gives a description of the Oraibi and Navajo Indians. He says of the Navajo, "They are a jovell lot, all seemes to be happy wanty swape but they want a big price for ther blankets." He describes the Oraibi village: the rope ladders leading to the houses, food, hospitality, weaving, dances, and dress. 21 pages.
folder 5: Blythe, John Law (1829-1893)
Journal, 1858-1863. The Journal to March 21, 1860, is during the time Blythe is living in California attending his mining claims, a tannery business, and other work. There is no indication of how or when he arrived in California. In January 1861, after nearly a year, he resumes his diary. A sampling of entries follows:
January 1, 1861
Attended dedication of Thirteenth Ward--W. Woodruff, Brigham Young, and Heber C. Kimball speaking. "Brother Brigham gave us the key to his power and capacity to transact the duties encumbent upon him . . . that he had so trained his mind as to concentrate it entirely upon the present business and as each suckseeding peace of business was attended to . . . it was immediately discharged from his mind striving at all times and under all circumstances to be guided by the spirit of God and by so doing at night when he lay down to rest his mind felt as clear and blank as a sheet of white paper."
January 6, 1861
"Monday returned to the Accadimey and resumed my studies in arithmetic and grammar."
January 7, 1861
Attended the academy during the day went to the So-La and Fa Singing School commenced by David A. Calder.
January 29, 1861
Told of Baptiste the grave robber.
February 4, 1861
Blythe consecrated himself "and all that my maker has blessed me with...."
February 5, 1861
Attempted to consecrate his possessions to the church but was put off by Brigham Young.
February 10, 1861
Albert Carrington reviewed the news from the states--six states have seceded. Margaret Blythe gave her jewelry to Brigham Young as her contribution to the emigrants.
February 12, 1861
Margaret Blythe took two of her finest bonnets and a blue silk mantilla to Bishop Woolley to dispose of for the same purpose.
February 18, 1861
Blythe had Bishop Woolley draw up his deed of consecration: two houses, five Spanish mares, two wagons, three sets of harnesses, and sundry goods to the total of $3,000.
February 19, 1861
A Sister Taylor came to his house "and seemingly would like to become a member of my family, but I feel it repulsive to my feelings, but I feel to submit myself unto the hands of my maker and hope and pray that He will guide and direct me . . . ."
February 27, 1861
Delivered to Brigham Young the deed of consecration, as trustee-in-trust for the church.
March 4, 1861
"This is the day that Abraham Lincoln takes his seat as president of the Disunited States."
March 8, 1861
"There was a request made upon the brethren to render what aid they could in cash to buy the glass for the Hall of Science." Blythe gave $10.00.
January 15, 1862
Brother Savage lectured on the daguerotype business.
February 2, 1862
"... people urged to unite in sending back 300 teams and 200 yoke of cattle to help bring up the poor."
February 9, 1862
Received a package of three pounds of pear seeds from Dr. Bernhisel.
February 26, 1862
"I attended a lecture delivered by Bro. Wm Godbe on education..."
March 2, 1862
President Young spoke on completing the temple "in order to get the stones hauled we had to fix the State road. He suggested to cut a ditch on the upper side of the road 19 feet wide and 6 deep to drain off the water." Blythe sent $50.00 to Dr. Bernhisel in Washington to purchase apple and pear seeds for him.
March 3, 1862
"Today is the first general election for the State of Deseret."
March 6, 1862
"I and my family went to the dedication of the new theater built by Bro. Brigham Young." Dedication prayer by Daniel H. Wells and an address by Brigham Young.
May 1, 1862
President Lincoln sent word to President Young to furnish one hundred men to protect the mail route.
May 4, 1862
William Godbe spoke.
May 7, 1862
Blythe received a large span of mules from Brigham Young valued at $500, which was deducated from the amount due him from the church. He and Margaret planted in lot 2 and 3.
May 24, 1862
"... attended the endowment rooms for the purpose of refreshing our minds of the duties and obligations we owe to our God."
June 12, 1862
"Was called upon to furnish a man and team to go up to Weber with a posse of men sent to take Joseph Morris the professing prophet of that district. I furnished a good team and man."
June 12, 1862
Had heads examined by Mr. Stark, professor of phrenology.
June 17, 1862
"... the man and teams that was sent to Weber Fort returned with 95 prisoners. Joseph Morris the would be prophet and Banks and two councilors was killed and buried at 10:00 o'clock last night."
June 19, 1962
"Bro. Joines [sic] went to the canyon to burn charcoal."
Day-to-day activities--mainly planting and harvesting of fruit trees, vegetables, beets, cane, etc.
folder 6: Blythe, John Law
Journal, January 1, 1867-July 24, 1869. In this Journal Blythe records the Sanpete and Piede Indian Expedition. It begins April 20, 1867.
April 22, 1867
Traveled as far as Crismon Mill. Captain Orson Miles in charge of company. Traveled to American Fork, Payson, Salt Creek, Gunnison, Chicken Creek.
April 27, 1867
Arrived at Fort Gunnison. Houses are covered with mud roofs. Lieutenant General Wells, Major General Burton, and Brigadier General Pace, Colonel George W. Bean, and Orson P. Miles in command. Headquarters set up at Fort Gunnison with groups going to other settlements to check--Provo, Richfield, and Manti.
May 8, 1867
Blythe with six men detailed to Manti to get feed for the animals. "Manti is a fine thriving settlement, with many good stone buildings. There is a stone wall some twelve feet high ... a good two-story stone school house...."
May 9, 1867
The settlers traded milk, eggs, and butter for tea and coffee.
May 11, 1897
General Pace and Lieutenant General Wells returned after having visited every settlement in Sanpete County and adjacent settlements.
May 13, 1867
Word received of four horses stolen by Indians at Manti. A detail of ten men sent out.
May 25, 1867
Sent to Manti to accompany a wounded soldier, he wrote, "They use a public corral to protect the stock from the Indians. There is a herd of some 900 head of horses and mules and horned stock taken out every morning to feed and brought back at night. Fourteen mounted men accompany the herd to herd and guard the stock. Each man receives one bushel and a half of wheat per day for his services...."
May 29, 1867
Manti had about 1,400 inhabitants.
June 2, 1867
Orson Hyde spoke in Manti on the principal of plurality. "He had been told some of the sisters were opposed to plurality...cautioned all to be careful how they tampered with the law of Celestial Marriage...." Reported an attack by Indians in which Major Vance and Sargeant "Hourze" were killed.
June 6, 1867
Blythe started home with a wounded soldier and an escort of troops.
June 10, 1867
Arrived in Salt Lake City.
June 17, 1867
Made arrangements to return to Fort Gunnison with supplies. (This part of the diary ends here.)
April 9, 1869
June 2, 1869
Margaret Blythe, with $250, three men's vests and two pounds of confectionery, left for the East to visit her children.
July 19, 1869
"Margaret McKie came to live with us, expressing a desire to settle down and go into a family."
July 24, 1869
Blythe and Margaret "McKie" discussed celestial marriage. She expressed a desire to enter into the law and order with him.
Autobiographical and genealogical information on John L. Blythe and Margaret Mitchell Blythe, much of which appeared in the preceding journals, on pages 57-75.
Journal for 1870. Blythe writes an autobiography of himself and lists the five children born to him and Margaret Mitchell Blythe. He records entries made in earlier journals including his baptism by George Q. Cannon, his ordination as elder, etc. There are few journal entries for this period.
Copied from Andrew Jenson's Latter-day Saint Biographical Encyclopedia (Salt Lake City, 1901-1936) is an account of John L. Blythe's mission to Arizona in 1873. The men were sent to examine the possibility of establishing settlements in Arizona. When most of them became discouraged by what they saw and returned to Utah, Blythe stayed on at MoenKopi determined to fill his mission. He was appointed to build a ferry on the Colorado River. He was appointed president and acting bishop of the Arizona mission until Indian difficulties forced him to leave.
Also included in this volume is an article titled Deseret News, July 1, 1874, which relates the incident of the killing of three Navajo Indians. The Navajos held the Mormons responsible for the deaths and made "unjust demands" in retaliation.
folder 7: Blythe, John L.
Diary, 1874. This short diary (24 pages) was begun February 6, 1874, and ended May 21, 1874. It records the trip and mission of a group called by Brigham Young to establish a mission at MoenKopi. The mission was led by John L. Blythe. William H. Solomon was the clerk and historian.
February 6, 1874
Blythe, his wife and boy, William H. Solomon, and Oliver Andersen were missionaries called to go to Arizona. Orvil Allen, John Everet, and Frank Giles-by, volunteers, left from Kanab, Utah.
February 8, 1874
A. W. Moss, leading a company of miners, passed on his way to the San Juan country. There were eleven men (two of whom were Chinese).
February 9, 1874
Stopped in Kanab to talk to Ira Hatch.
February 10, 1874
Ira Hatch will join the party as soon as he can get together a "fitout."
February 11, 1874
Jacob Hamblin came in with the story of the three Navajos being killed. He had held a council with the Navajo chiefs who demanded restitution.
March 13, 1874
Emma Lee read a letter from her husband, John D., stating the demands of the Indians: fifty head of horses and horned stock for each Navajo killed.
March 14, 1874
Jacob Hamblin, John D. Lee, John Everett, and five or six others came across the river. John D. Lee displayed a telegram from President B. Young giving the boat into John D. Lee's charge.
March 15, 1874
"Morning prayer, John D. Lee. A more pathetic prayer and fervent I have not heard for a long time and from the conversation which followed I should judge him to be a man full of zeal, energy and determination ... and that he has been the subject of much misrepresentations."
March 17, 1874
Lightened their loads leaving things with Emma Lee before crossing on the ferry.
March 19, 1874
Crossed the river.
March 21, 1874
Ira Hatch and Brother Mangum arrived with a letter of instruction for the United Order from John R. Young.
March 24, 1874
Met by four Indians--brothers and fathers of two of the Indians killed. They asked Ira Hatch and John Blythe to meet with them.
March 27, 1874
Arrived at the Oraibi farm. Chief Tuba came to visit. They seemed glad to see us.
March 30, 1874
Tuba gave them some land and water privileges.
March 31, 1874
Passed two resolutions about the United Order.
April 2, 1874
Blythe and Ira Hatch started out with Tuba to meet with the Indians and were met by three Navajos and a Piute. One was "Peokon."
April 7, 1874
Blythe and Hatch returned safely from the meeting. The Indians claimed Jacob Hamblin lied to them.
April 14, 1874
Worked on farm.
April 18, 1874
Continued operation of farm. Peokon and the Piute interpreter came into camp. They demanded restitution for the wounded man. Blythe told them they did not have the stock. Gave them beef and fed them.
April 19, 1874
Indians seemed more friendly and when leaving hugged Brother Blythe.
April 26, 1874
Thales Haskell, Samuel Knight, and Ammon Tenney arrived today. They had been called to assist and strengthen the settlement at MoenKopi. Received letters of instruction from Brigham Young and John W. Young.
April 29, 1874
Brother Allen, Jacob Hamblin, John R. Young, and twenty-two others from Kanab and Long Valley came to help settle Indian difficulty.
April 30, 1874
Sent a petition to the agency at Fort Defiance to consult on the matter.
May 1, 1874
Message from Brigham Young refusing to comply with the demands of the Indians and stating that the Mormons were not guilty. Brigham Young ordered them back to Kanab and Long Valley.
May 10, 1874
Held a meeting at John D. Lee's--blessed two of his children and baptized one of his sons.
May 21, 1874
folder 8: Blythe, John L.
Journal, Mission to Scotland (1878-1880). John L. Blythe left Scotland in 1847 and arrived in Pennsylvania in July. He emigrated to California in 1850 and came with his wife, Margaret Mitchell Blythe, to Utah in 1860. He joined the Mormon church in 1857.
Blythe's call to the mission in Scotland was a personal desire to find members of his family (Blythe and Law) and his wife Margaret Mitchell Blythe's family still living in Scotland and convert them to Mormonism.
Much of the journal is devoted to a record of letters received and sent and the contents of each. Blythe hoped that when he left Salt Lake City that "a change of air and climate will improve my health and restore my vigor."
folder 9: Brown, James S.
Diary, 1875-1877. A report of the calling of James S. Brown and his company for the Arizona settlement. He tells of the preparations for the trip. 31 pages.
December 3, 1875
Arrived at MoenKopi and began scouting for a suitable place to settle. They decided a mission should be established at MoenKopi.
December 7, 1875
Some at work cutting timber for their house. Haskell and Hatch set out for the Oriabi village.
December 8, 1875
Conference with Tuba. Ira Hatch was the interpreter. Brown, Tanner, Thompson, Hatch, and Burnham to explore the Little Colorado River and around the San Francisco Mountains. Thought they could recommend the country for settlement.
December 28, 1875
Determined by the brethren that Brown should return to Salt Lake to report to Brigham Young. Thompson and Gibbons to accompany him.
January 1, 1876
Began the journey to Salt Lake City.
January 14, 1876
Met with Brigham Young to discuss the best way of colonizing the country of Arizona. Two hundred brethren had been called to move to that country.
January 28, 1876
Brown with a boy (Reidhead), to take care of the team and wait on him, started for Arizona. (Brown had an artificial leg and was not in good health.) He preached to all the communities on the way.
February 8, 1876
Arrived at MoenKopi and found the house completed, a ditch and dam had been built, and they had begun to "grub and plow" for wheat.
February 12, 1876
"... two Oraibis baptized and Tuba was ordained a priest I being mouth."
May 4, 1876-August 13, 1876
Visited among the Indians.
August 22, 1876
Arrived at Salt Lake. Met with Brigham Young who wanted him to go among the Saints and preach of the "work of the Lord among the Lamanites" and return to Arizona to his field of labor.
August 1876-January 1877
Traveled from community to community telling of his mission among the Indians.
February 5, 1877
Reached MoenKopi. Everyone in good health; poor spirits.
March 25, 1877
Delivered baby for Brother Fuller's daughter.
March 30, 1877
"Indians come and go all the time. The spirit of inquiry increases daily."
April 3, 1877
Visited the Indians and studied their language.
August 14, 1877.
James S. Brown visited Brigham Young just before he died. John Taylor gave him an honorable release from further duties in that mission. Brown continued to travel through villages speaking about the Indians.
series: IV. St. Johns
box 5: (Continued)
folder 10: LeSuueur, James Warren
Born in Montpelier, Idaho, May 31, 1878, James LeSueur and his family moved to Mesa, Arizona, and remained there about a year when they decided to return to Idaho. They stopped over in St. Johns where his father obtained work on the railroad working for John W. Young. With the $400 he earned, his father started his own business, a store. LeSueur mentions the conflict between the Mexicans and whites.
LeSueur attended Brigham Young University, filled a mission, invested in ACMI stock, raised sheep at a great profit, was editor of the St. Johns Herald, and became superintendent of ACMI at St. Johns. He was always able to make money. 3 pages.
folder 11: Barth, Solomon
This is a short sketch taken from the Arizona Republican in 1928. Solomon Barth established the settlement of St. Johns and deeded much of the land holdings to the Mormon settlers. 1 page.
folder 12: Coleman, Emma Beck
A short account of early Mormon days and her family's move into Missouri when Emma was eight years old. 3 pages.
folder 13: Coleman Family
Excerpt from a biography by Evans Coleman. This portion begins on page 11 of the history and extracts brief portions describing the country and life in southern Utah and northern Arizona. 14 pages.
folder 14: Udall, Ida Frances Hunt
A short biographical sketch by Pauline Udall Smith which tells of Ida Hunt's early years and the meeting of David K. Udall. She shared a home with her husband and his first wife. Writes of the polygamy hunts in Arizona and her stay with David's parents when she expected her first child. David Udall and Brothers Tenney, Tempe, Christopherson, and Flake spent several weeks in court in Prescott during the polygamy trials. David was sentenced to prison in Detroit. During the two years she was separated from David, Ida gave guitar lessons, sang for groups, sewed, and did some copying of county records--any type of work to support herself and child. This is an account of the hardships endured in the Arizona settlements compounded by the problem of polygamy. 15 pages.
folder 15: George, William
To President Wilford Woodruff, July 21, 1885. Requests release from the St. Johns mission. He cannot make enough to support his family.
folder 16: Platt, W. J.
To Ammon M. Tenney, 1885. Tells of court procedures in St. Johns. Mexicans on the jury are very anti-Mormon.
folder 17: Tenney, Ammon M.
To L. H. Hatch, February 20, 1879. Appeals for help for the Zuni in planting crops. Wants brethren to assist him in this and his work with the Indians.
To Wilford Woodruff, January 19, 1889. Acknowledges his release from Zuni mission and explains the financial settlement.
To Wilford Woodruff, May 21, 1889. Requests permission to take another wife in Deming, Grant County, New Mexico.
folder 18: Tenney, Ammon M.
Points in the case of the United States vs Ammon M. Tenney, indictment for polygamy and cohabitation.
folder 19: Udall, David King
Letters copied from David King Udall and Pearl Udall Nelson, Arizona Pioneer Mormon, David King Udall (Tucson, Arizona, 1959). These letters deal with the land purchase handled by Ammon M. Tenney from Solomon and Morris Barth for the townsite of St. Johns; a protest from Marcus Baba de Padia and others claiming infringement on their land; and a letter from John Taylor appointing Udall bishop of St. Johns with instructions to take over all responsibility of records and accounts of land purchase from Barth brothers.
folder 20: Woodruff, Wilford
To Ammon M. Tenney, November 24, 1879. Discusses the land purchase from the Barth brothers.
To Ammon M. Tenney, April 21, 1880. Grants permission from Brother Taylor and the council to use all tithing stock in the territory to help pay for St. Johns unless the brethren can occupy the land and pay for it. This to be used as a loan.
To Ammon M. Tenney, May 25, 1880. The Saints of St. Johns may borrow money from the church if necessary, but should do so only if needed. Can take contracts on the railroad if the stake presidents are consulted and a committee is appointed to protect the interests of the people. The political election for sending a delegate to congress is "one of the most delicate things between this church and the gentiles." Discusses the Barth purchase of land, water, and cattle.
To Ammon M. Tenney, May 27, 1880. Instructions to enter the St. Johns purchase by quarter sections rather than as a townsite, and to get a government title. Will have to go to Prescott to enter the land. Announces the appointment of Udall as bishop of St. Johns.
To Ammon M. Tanney, May 31, 1880. "The Mormons have a majority of votes in Apache County and it is a duty they owe to put their men in office. The people must be united in these matters."
To Ammon M. Tenney, May 26, 1881. One hundred men have been called to go to St. Johns. Erastus Snow, Brigham Young, Jr., and Jesse N. Smith have been appointed a committee to go to the territories and organize the camps for the railroad work. John W. Young was called in and told he must abide by the instructions of the Presidency and the Twelve.
folder 21: Young, Brigham Jr., and Erastus Snow
To Ammon M. Tenney, 1874 and 1880. Asks Tenney to assist Jacob Hamlin in the Indian Mission. A reprimand for his attitude and questionable involvement in the purchase of the Barth brothers land.
folder 22: Gibbons, Andrew Smith (1825-1886)
Andrew Smith Gibbons was born March 12, 1825, in Ohio. When an infant his father gave him to a family by the name of Smith, relatives of the Prophet Joseph Smith.
In 1845 he married Rizpah Knight and left Nauvoo in 1846 at the time of the expulsion of the Saints. The following year he came to the Great Salt Lake Valley as one of the original pioneers under the leadership of Brigham Young. He returned east the same year to his family in Iowa and arrived in the valley a second time in 1852. He located in Bountiful and later move to Lehi. In 1854 he was called to Iron County to strengthen the settlements there.
Here he became identified with the Indian mission then in charge of Jacob Hamblin. In 1858 in company with ten other men he visited the Pueblo Indian villages east of the Colorado River. In making this journey they traveled through a country then unknown to white men and crossed the Colorado River at the old Ute Crossing. In the spring of 1861 Gibbons moved to St. George where he was elected sheriff of Washington County. In 1865 he was called to the Muddy by Apostle Erastus Snow to locate and mediate between the whites and the Indians. In 1868 he represented Piute County, Arizona, in the Arizona legislature which met in Tucson. At the breaking up of the settlements on the Muddy, Gibbons moved to Glendale, Kane County, Utah, from which point he made several trips of exploration with Jacob Hamblin and James S. Brown into Arizona and New Mexico, looking to the colonization of the Saints in these territories. In 1880 he moved to St. Johns, Arizona. At the time of his death, February 9, 1886, at St. Johns, he was a member of the High Council of the Eastern Arizona Stake of Zion.
This volume contains typescript copies of three short diaries, 1858, 1877, and 1878. The first of these (11 pages) begins November 21, 1858, and tells of Gibbons mission to the Oraibi and Moquis Indians with Benjamin Knell, William Hamblin (?), and Thomas Leavitt. The missionaries covered 350 miles of difficult travel. Feed for the horses was scarce and the temperature very cold with snow most of the distance. They arrived back at Fort Clara, December 27.
The second diary (13 pages) begins March 15, 1877, to December 17. It relates a trip to St. George with Tuba and his wife who received their endowments in the temple. He returns to Long Valley and prepares to return to the MoenKopi. He meets President James S. Brown who had returned from the Navajo. He records a trip to Willow Springs to get a load of lumber for making molasses barrels. He visits several Indian villages and then starts on a visit to the settlements of the Little Colorado where he talks with Lot Smith, Ammon Tenney, J. A. Allen, Jesse O. Ballinger, and _______ Lake. He finds the prospects good for making a living. On December 8, 1877, he was appointed by Erastus Snow to take charge of the Indian mission at MoenKopi.
The last diary in the volume (22 pages), is his missionary account of the year in MoenKopi. He tells of the planting of wheat, fruit trees, vegetables, grapes, and melons. Typical entries of the diaries follow:
June 1, 1878
Camped near Beaver Creek on the Rio Verde. Three companies--one cavalry and two of infantry--stationed here to hold the Apaches in check.
June 5, 1878
Camped at Gillet, a mining camp and quartz mill that works ore from the Tip Top Mine.
June 6, 1878
Arrived at Phoenix Ditch. This ditch taken from Salt River to irrigate the country surrounding Phoenix. Eight miles further brought us to Camp Utah.
June 10, 1878
Visited the "contemplated city plat. It is situated on a beautiful elevated plain extending south as far as the Gila River. This country is suitable to sustain a heavy population. It has the appearance of having been densely populated by the ancients, as the country is considerably covered with their ruins. I think this country excells anything I ever saw. Has fruit and grape vines."
July 5, 1878
Brother Feutz and Edmund Nelson started for Utah with loads of wool.
September 16, 1878
Worked on lime kiln. Brothers Tanner and Farnsworth went out on the Verde Trail to look for a vein of stove coal.
September 17, 1878
Erastus Snow and Company arrived from Utah--L. J. Nuttall, Len Hinckley, B. M. Williams, C. H. Oliphant, Edward Noble, and Jesse N. Smith.
October 1, 1878
Heard government party in charge of Professor Wheeler camped at Musha Spring.
October 19, 1878
Arrived at the Oraibi Village. Found Brother Tuba and wife there. Cordially received. Had an interview with Chief "LeLelamah." J. W. Young got his permission to copy some of the characters from the sacred stone.
folder 23: Tate, John W.
Tate, with William H. Spiers, purchased land in Bear Lake County and planned to move there to make his home. However, in March 1880 he was called with a hundred others to go to St. Johns, Arizona, to settle. He and John Tuttle started south October 4, 1880, after deciding to leave his wife and family with his parents. He had been unable to sell his farm in Tooele and was very hard up.
Tate and Tuttle arrived in St. George after traveling 336 miles from Tooele, did some temple work, and visited friends. He described the St. George tabernacle and enjoyed the grapes grown at St. George.
They reached the Colorado River on November 10 and waited for other wagons to catch up. Brother Tuttle and Chancy Rodgers commenced building two boats which would float side by side and could carry a wagon and horses. By November 14 the boats were finished and ferrying began. Three days were spent getting people, animals, and equipment across. They were advised to go by way of Prescott. Arrived at Prescott December 1, and traveled on to Brigham City. They traveled to Sunset where the people live the United Order and have the "big table." Arrived at St. Joseph on December 10. St. Joseph observed the United Order, but does not have the "big table." He gave a description of the United Order at St. Joseph and likes it better than at Sunset. St. Johns is surrounded by a "bad element--the Mexicans." While stopping at St. Joseph they visit surrounding settlements: Woodruff, St. Johns, and Round Valley before deciding where they would like to settle. Before returning to Utah they sold their tools and all other equipment to get enough money for the return trip. They started on March 1, and arrived in Salt Lake City March 27. The total number of miles traveled since leaving Tooele October 1 is 950. Once back in Tooele Tate began farming.
This bound volume (October 4, 1880-July 22, 1881) is an account of events pertaining to his trip to Arizona, his brief visits to settlements on the Little Colorado, and the trip back to Utah. 75 pages.
folder 24: Coleman, Evans
"St. Johns Purchase," by Evans Coleman. A short sketch taken from various sources telling incidents in the purchase of land for the site of St. Johns from Soloman and Morris Barth.
folder 25: LeSueur, James L.
"How Saint Johns was Settled," by James LeSueur. A brief factual history of St. Johns.
series: V. Snowflake
box 6: Autobiographies, Biographies
folder 1: Flake, Lucy Hannah White
"To The Last Frontier," the autobiography of Lucy Hannah White Flake. The White family became converts of the Mormon church in 1844 and came to the Salt Lake Valley in 1850. Their first home was in Lehi. In October 1853 they were called to Cedar City with others to help strengthen the settlement.
The Flake family were converts in Mississippi. They went to Nauvoo just before the martyrdom. James M. Flake, a man of wealth, immediately returned to Mississippi and contributed generously to the outfitting of other families for the western trek. He brought with him a few of his servants, among them Green, a big husky negro who had been a part of the Flake family all his life; Liz, the personal maid of Mrs. Flake; and Edie and her family. When the first company started West, Mr. Flake sent Green as a bodyguard for Brigham Young. Green stayed in the valley to prepare for the coming of the Flake family. "He had a house built and a piece of land cleared and planted" in the first town settled outside of Salt Lake. It was called "Amasa's Survey" and was located on the Big Cottonwood. James Flake was killed in 1850 when he fell from a horse while on an exploration to California. William, then ten years of age, became the "man of the house." In 1851 Amasa Lyman and Charles C. Rich led another expedition to California. Mrs. Flake (Agnes Love) with her family accompanied them. Her's was the first home built by whites in the city of San Bernardino, California. Agnes Love Flake died in 1855 in California.
William Flake and Lucy Hannah White were married in 1858, and on October 9, 1868, he married Prudence Kartchner.
In the winter of 1873 William Flake was called by Brigham Young to explore the Arizona country for possible settlement. Three years later Brigham Young called Flake and others to go to Arizona to settle. Three months of difficult travel brought them to Joseph City. A disagreement concerning the United Order made William move on. He bought the Stinson Ranch for $12,000. He withdrew from the Order, gathered his stock and other belongings together, and with several other families moved to the Stinson Ranch.
The group was organized by Erastus Snow with John Hunt as bishop, William Flake as first counselor, John Kartchner as second counselor, and Jesse N. Smith as president of the Eastern Arizona Stake. Erastus Snow named the town after himself and William Flake.
The intervening years were filled with the work of a great man and colonizer and his wives and children. William Flake shared with everyone, obtained work for those in need, and served his church with devotion.
The autobiography, a bound typescript, gives a good picture of the early settlement of Snowflake and its growth. It describes the people, the country, the hardships, the sorrows, the sacrifices, and above all else the devotion to the cause for which they were called--settlement of the Little Colorado. 240 pages.
folder 2: Hunt, Ida Frances
This is a short autobiography of Ida Frances Hunt. Included is a description of the trek to Arizona in 1876. Her family was accompanied by the Bushmans who they joined in St. George on their way to Arizona. They finally settled in Snowflake, Arizona, where her father, John Hunt, was appointed bishop. 20 pages.
folder 3: Larson, May Hunt
"The Trip to Arizona in 1877," by May Hunt Larson is a short autobiographical sketch with some diary notes. She tells of their decision to settle near Fort Wingate where Brothers Luther C. Burnham, Earnest A. Tietgen, and Ben Boyce are special missionaries to the Indians. She describes the southern emigrants arrival in Arizona; the smallpox brought in by the southerners; and the purchase of the Stinson Ranch by William J. Flake. John Hunt was chosen bishop, and Jesse N. Smith became president of the Eastern Arizona Stake of which Snowflake was part. 18 pages.
folder 4: Palmer, Wesley, and Lillian Ann
"This is Your Life," a bound volume, is a recorded copy of a program in honor of Wesley and Lillian Ann Palmer held at a Sunday evening session in 1961 of the Maricopa Stake Conference conducted by the Mutual Improvement Association. The program, patterned after a television show titled "This is Your Life," includes reminiscenses of friends and relatives. 13 pages.
series: VI. Sunset
box 7: Autobiographies, Biographies, Correspondence
folder 1: Brookbank, Thomas W. (1847-1939)
An autobiography in three parts, bound volume.
(I) "Travels and Threads of Experience." At nineteen years of age, Brookbank was teaching school and clerking in a store in Pennsylvania. A feeling of restlessness led him to Iowa in 1869 and to Illinois in 1870 where he enrolled in a biblical institute hoping to become a minister. Poor health drove him back to Pennsylvania. In 1876, after brief sojourns in Pennsylvania and Nebraska he made his home in Scipio, Utah, where he joined the Mormon church and taught school. In 1879, another flight took him, with a company of immigrants, to Arizona. While prospecting on the plateau of the Mogollon Mountains he became acquainted with some Mormons who had a settlement known as Mormon Dairy. He was impressed with the United Order and joined at Sunset.
He served a mission with Indians in the Rio Grande Valley. In 1879-1880 he served as second counselor to President Lot Smith. He married Miss Susan Morilla Bates at St. George in 1887. He was called by Wilford Woodruff to go on a mission to England to become assistant editor of the Millennial Star (1889). In 1912 he was living at Dry Lake in northern Arizona, and in 1913 was called for another mission to England as associate editor of the Millennial Star. He was released from his mission in 1914 and returned to Salt Lake and bought a small farm in Sandy. His family was living in Flagstaff, and when he suggested they all move to Utah "there was no favorable response." In 1927 Brookbank visited his son, J. O., in Glendale. He returned to Salt Lake and lived there at the writing of this narrative in 1933.
(II) "A Soldier's Recollections." This portion of the autobiography relates his experiences in the army during the Civil War, 1864-1865.
(III) "Religious Experiences." Brookbank met a Mr. McLaughlin, a newspaper editor, on the train headed for Beaver. Brookbank was persuaded to go on to Beaver. He stopped over night at Scipio and learned that they needed a school teacher. He applied and got the job. After much examination, he joined the church in April of 1877 at Scipio.
In the spring of 1879 a company of eighty persons was organized at Scipio to go to Arizona to settle somewhere in the White Mountains region. They went by way of Lee's Ferry. Conditions were very difficult and before they reached MoenKopi the teams and people were suffering.
The land the group had planned to settle had been withdrawn by the government and so the members of the company disbanded and went to the other settlements. Brookbank went to Sunset where he became a member of the United Order under Lot Smith. He and others were detailed to go to the Meadows (land purchased by Tenney) to prevent the Mexicans from moving on the land.
While at Sunset Brookbank married Edith Porter, April 4, 1883. They were divorced in 1888.
Brookbank served a mission to the Rio Grande Valley in New Mexico, then moved to Chihuahua where he remained only a short time. His companion, Brother Wilchen was ordered on to Mexico City. Brookbank returned to Albuquerque because of poor health. Until he was called by Wilford Woodruff to serve a mission in England, he wrote articles for publication in the Deseret News, Contributor, and Juvenile Instructor.
His first mission to the British Isles was in 1889 when he received an urgent call to become associate editor of the Millennial Star. His finances were limited--while in Salt Lake waiting for his date to sail he met John W. Young who gave him $50.00 to help on his mission. As associate editor of the Millennial Star he wrote many of the editorials. His editorials were signed simply "B."
Again because of ill health Brookbank returned to Arizona in 1891. During the next few years he farmed and taught school at MoenAva, Tuba City, and Lee's Ferry.
In 1913 he was called to fill another mission to the British Isles to work on the Millennial Star. Once again he returned because of ill health. 55 pages.
folder 2: Lake, George (1838-1898)
"The Life of George Lake," bound typescript. A note in the Preface of the manuscript indicates it was written by George Lake. The original manuscript is in the possession of Lawrence Lake, of El Segundo, California. The typescript copy was made for members of the Lake family.
George Lake, born September 15, 1838, at Scott Company, Illinois, was one of ten children. In 1844 his family moved to Nauvoo where his father helped build the temple and the Nauvoo House. In February 1846, with about six hundred wagons the family crossed the Missouri River and arrived at Council Bluffs in the fall. They arrived in Salt Lake City, October 7, 1850, moved to Ogden Fort, and later moved to a farm in Harrisville.
In 1857 George Lake went back to meet the immigrating Saints and help them through to Salt Lake Valley. He spent six weeks in Echo Canyon awaiting Johnston's Army in 1858. He states that during the campaign they took fifty prisoners from the United States Army. Lake was sent with his company as an "escort to return the prisoners beyond the confines of our territory some 150 miles." When he returned to the valley he found that the Saints had moved south--a rear guard had been left to guard the property. "If necessary they were to burn all our possessions." Lake remained with this group as a cook.
He writes, "The territory was given military organization and I was ordered to fit up well. . .and ready to mount at a moments notice. All feared an attempt by the U. S. Army to renew the Nauvoo tragedy. The army was still quartered some sixty miles south of Salt Lake City."
On May 13, 1860, Lake married Louise Ann Garner Lake, the widow of His brother. They had eight children. When Lake took his endowments, Louise Ann was sealed to her first husband. After the ceremony Brigham Young praised him and told him to return in two weeks with two more wives for himself. "Hence on the 4th of October I took to wife Sarah Jane Hill . . . and Rhoda Wheeler . . . ." Several pages here are given to a listing of his wives (four) and his children.
At the April conference of 1869, Lake was called to serve a mission in England. He was gone two years returning in 1871 with four hundred converts. A smallpox epidemic broke out on ship and a quarantine was imposed. Vaccinations were given all the passengers.
In 1871 Lake sold out and moved to Oxford, Idaho, where he was promptly made bishop. He was hounded by United States marshals during the polygamy hunt. While seeking advice from Brigham Young he was assigned to go south to Arizona. Brigham Young said "We will form a line of settlements leading into South America, and this shall be the stepping stone."
George Lake had charge of the company called from Cache, Box Elder, and other counties; Lot Smith was to have charge of those from Salt Lake and Davis counties; and Jesse Ballinger and William Coleman Allen were to head those from north of Salt Lake.
George Lake located at a place he named Obed. William C. Allen located on the opposite side of the river. Lot Smith and Jesse Ballinger settled at or near Sunset Crossing. They set about immediately to build forts, homes, dams, and canals. Crops had been planted and prospered when a heavy flood washed out the dam and ruined the crops. At this time many took up the line of march home leaving only nine men to establish the mission and United Order. Lake abandoned this settlement and joined Ballinger's camp. John W. Young came to organize a stake of Zion. Lot Smith was appointed president of the United Order. "There was much opposition and ridicule from many these days of peace and joy."
Lake was sent to represent the Democratic party at that party's convention held in Phoenix. He spent six years in the United Order, and after final settlement went to Mexico. 31 pages.
Another shorter sketch covering the same material in a more general form is included in the collection.
folder 3: Porter, Samuel U.
The autobiography of Samuel Porter begins with page 16 and ends on page 24. Only the portion concerned with the Arizona expedition is included. This is a xerox copy of the handwritten autobiography.
On October 19, 1878, Porter started to Arizona and arrived at Sunset, December 1878. He was impressed with the large table where everyone ate meals and described the building which included a kitchen and bakery.
His first assignment in the United Order was a trip to the sawmill to pick up lumber. He started with four head of "cattle" and two wagons and traveled to Brigham City where he joined Elijah Hancock who was on his way to the mill. He spent Christmas day on the way to the sawmill, and ate Christmas dinner at the mill.
In 1887 he was called to work at the Mormon Dairy, which was located in a little valley five miles long and four miles wide. The dairy was owned by three companies--Joseph City, Sunset, and Brigham City. All the cows were in one corral and each company milked their own cows. There were two hundred cows: Sunset, sixty; Brigham City, sixty; and Joseph City, forty head. The dairy was organized into a ward called the Pleasant Valley Branch.
Porter tells of an incident of "casting out of the evil one." He states there is much wild game--deer, antelope, and turkeys.
Wilford Woodruff spent a winter with them and while there he counseled the people and visited several different tribes of Indians. Porter said, "Everybody seemed to love him." Woodruff celebrated his seventy-third birthday, March 1, 1880, at Sunset.
Porter relates an incident of healing by laying on of hands.
On August 17, 1880, Porter started back to Utah traveling with Thomas W. Brookbank.
folder 4: Call, Israel
Family stories, one volume. 51 pages. Contains the biographies and autobiographies of Israel Call, his wives Medora White Call and Jane Lucinda Judd Call, and their children. Included are short biographies of the following children of Israel Call: Israel Bowen Call (1875-1961), John Anson Call (1876-1958), Medora Adelaide Call Bergeson (1878-1968), Vasco Call (1880-), Lydia Call Hancock (1881-), Schuyler Call (1882-), Newell Call (1883-1968), Chester Monroe Call (1884-1934), Hettie Jane Call Sainsbury Wilson Knight (1886-1969), Ambrose Call (1888-), Vinson Oro Call (1893-1962), and Willard W. Call (1895-).
Call, Israel Bowen 1875-1961
Compiled by Mildred Call Sauer. Israel Bowen Call was born October 10, 1875, in Bountiful to Israel and Medora White Call. In February 1876 the Call family with thirty other families left for Arizona to colonize on the Little Colorado. They settled at Sunset, Arizona. There were thirty families in the United Order but by 1883 only about eight families were left. At this time Israel Call was called to go with George Teasdale and Francis M. Lyman to Mexico to look for another place to colonize. While he was gone Medora lost her eyesight from blowing sand and the Calls returned to Utah. Young Israel was ten years old when they returned to Utah. He grew up in Bountiful and in 1900 fulfilled a mission to Australia.
In 1904 Israel B. Call married Martha Balfour; 1905 he homesteaded in Chesterfield, Idaho; 1909, his wife died; 1913 he married Charlotte Vienna Davids and continued to farm and raise sheep and dairy cows. In 1927 Israel B. served a six month mission in Council Bluffs; moved to Osgood, Idaho, in 1933; and moved again to Grant, Idaho, in 1941.
Call, John Anson 1876-1958
John Anson Call was the first child born in the United Order in Sunset, December 14, 1876. When his family moved back to Utah he attended school in Bountiful and went to the L.D.S. Business College.
From 1897 to 1899, John A. Call belonged to the Utah National Guard. In 1899 he served a mission to Texas for his church. He was a school teacher, barber, postmaster at Bountiful, city employee of Bountiful, and an active church member.
Bergeson, Medora Adelaide Call 1878-1968
The third child of Israel and Medora White Call, Medora Adelaide was born December 21, 1878, while the family was living at Sunset in the United Order under Lot Smith. She remembered her life as a child in Sunset.
She writes that the women did the work at the dairy. They had apples only at Christmas, and they gathered wild gooseberries.
She tells of her mother's blindness from the sand storms which resulted in their return to Utah in 1885. Her father and mother had six children and a team and wagon when they returned from Arizona. (Israel's second wife remained in Arizona.)
Medora Adelaide describes the return trip--the sandy roads; the mountain, Lee's Backbone; and the ride across the Colorado on Lee's Ferry.
The first winter in Bountiful was very hard. Medora had one dress and one pair of shoes for winter. In the summer she went barefoot. She was taught to tithe.
Medora A. married Joseph Bergeson in 1901. The children of Joseph and Medora Adelaide Call Bergeson are Joseph Devon Bergeson, Eldred Clifford Bergeson, Arita Bergeson Doney, Israel Sheldon Bergeson, Rulon Call Bergeson, Thora Bergeson Watson, Arnold Verne Bergeson, Horace Bowen Bergeson, Nell Bergeson, Phillip Eugene Bergeson, June Bergeson Swallow, and Lorene Bergeson.
Call, Vasco 1880-
Vasco Call was born in 1880 at Sunset, Apache County, Arizona. There is a description of the fort. They lived in a fort which accommodated thirty-six families. The fort was built of logs that stood perpendicular. Each family occupied a room with a door and a window. The rooms were built together to form a rectangle with two driveways open into the square. Heavy gates to these openings were kept closed against Indian attack. The office, council house, dining hall, and kitchen were all built within the square. The carpenter shop, chicken coop, calf and pig pens, blacksmith shop, and vegetable garden were immediately outside the fort. Vasco returned to Bountiful when he was four years old.
In 1900 he went to the Big Horn country in Wyoming to homestead, then to Idaho, and finally to California. His wife Maude Dobie Call died in 1948. He remarried and in 1959 he and his wife Esta Sarager Call became missionaries at the Liberty Jail in Missouri.
The children of Vasco and Mina Maude Dobie Call are: Ruby Medora Call Davenport, Lester Dobie Call, Mattie Ruth Call Naylor Tarancon, Max Dobie Call, Carma Call Prydl, and Douglas Helen Call Doering.
Hancock, Lydia Call 1881-
Lydia was born in Sunset in 1881 to Israel and Jane Lucinda Judd Knight Call. (Jane was Israel's second wife.) When the United Order in Sunset was abandoned, they moved to the fort at Allen's camp near the present town of Joseph City. In 1888 Israel Call bought the Standifird Ranch near Taylor, Arizona, and moved his wife Jane and nine children there. He then returned to Bountiful. Jane later sold the ranch and moved to Taylor where most of her children grew up.
Lydia married Joseph Clarence Hancock in 1900. She was active in the church and a dedicated temple worker.
The children of Joseph Clarence and Lydia Call Hancock are Clarence Reginald Hancock, Lydia Jane Hancock McClellan, Roy Judd Hancock, Perry Russell Hancock, and Emily La Preel Hancock Goodman.
Call, Schuyler 1882-
Schuyler Call was born in the Sunset Fort, Apache County, Arizona. When three years old his family returned to Bountiful. Here he grew up and attended school. He went to the L.D.S. University.
In 1903 he went to the Big Horn Basin to work on canals, ranches, and any type of work he could find. He spent six years pioneering in Wyoming and Montana. In 1909 he moved back to Salt Lake and enrolled in an extension course on play production at the University of Utah, under the direction of Maud May Babcock and Moroni Olsen. They formed a theatrical company in Taylorsville.
Schuyler worked for Bennion Brothers and Carpenter Paper Company, and served as chief of police of Murray City. His church work was varied--the choir, Mutual Improvement Association, teacher, recreation director, and missionary.
Call, Newell 1883-1968
A son of Israel and Jane Lucinda Judd Knight Call, Newell was born in Sunset in 1883, on the ranch purchased by his father from John Standifird and now known as the Solomon Ranch.
Because his mother was afraid of Indian attacks, she sold the property to Edwin Solomon and moved to Taylor about seven miles north of the ranch. It was in Taylor that Newell grew up and went to school. He attended the church academy (finished high school) at Snowflake, three miles from Taylor. After his mission he entered L.D.S. Business College in 1912. He held positions in the business field in Utah and California.
Call, Chester Monroe 1884-1934
Chester was born April 11, 1884, in Wilford, Apache County, Arizona, to Israel and Medora White Call. While still a baby the family returned to Bountiful. Here he grew up and attended school. Except for a year in Kemmerer, Wyoming, his working years were spent in Bountiful and Salt Lake City. He was an active church member.
The children of Chester Monroe Call are: Otis Monroe Call, Chester Parkin Call, Virginia Call, Blaine Parkin Call, Beth Call Woodard, Madge Leora Call Bradley, Verne Parkin Call, and Frank Parkin Call.
Knight, Hettie Jane Call Sainsbury Wilson 1886-1969
Hettie was born after the family returned to Bountiful. Here she grew up and in 1906 married Ezra LeRoy Sainsbury who died in 1911. They had three children. To support her family she worked at the salt factory near Saltair. She later took a course in practical nursing. In 1919 she married Peter Adshead Wilson. He died in 1942. During her widowhood of the next six years she worked at Hill Field during World War II. In 1948 she married Charles LeRoy Knight, who died in 1957.
The children of Ezra LeRoy and Hettie Jane Call Sainsbury are: Dora Ellen Sainsbury Turley, Newell LeRoy Sainsbury, and Arland Call Sainsbury.
The children of Peter Adshead and Hettie Jane Call Sainsbury Wilson are: Israel Call Wilson, Willis Legrand Wilson, Addie Amelia Wilson Homer, and Irene Wilson Johnson.
Call, Ambrose 1888-
Ambrose was born in Bountiful where he attended school to the eighth grade and spent the next two years at the L.D.S. University. In 1909 he began a mission to the Eastern States. While on his mission he was invited to attend the launching of the Battleship Utah, which was christened by Alice Spry. In 1911 he was in New York when the Tabernacle Choir sang for the Irrigation Congress and for the presentation of the silver service purchased by school children of Utah for the Battleship Utah. He arrived home in May 1912 and began working for Lambert Paper Company. In 1912 he married Ann Fox.
Call, Vinson Oro 1893-1962
Vinson was born in Bountiful where he spent his life except for a short period in Idaho and Nevada. He home-steaded in Chesterfield, Idaho. He worked in the sand and gravel business, in construction, and in sugar factories. He married Amy L. Whipple in 1912.
The children of Vinson Oro and Amy L. Whipple Call are: William Oro Call and Vinson Beck Call.
Call, Willard W. 1895-
Willard was born in Bountiful where he received his education. He married Sarah Ellen Kent in 1917. Most of their lives were spent in Ogden. He was a farmer, a flour mill worker, and railroad clerk. He was an active church member. Sarah died in 1969. Willard married Hazel Hess Rogers in 1971.
The children of Willard W. and Sarah Ellen Kent Call are: Gordon Kent Call, Norine Call Peterson, Steven LaMar Call, Ralph Kent Call, Dee Kent Call, Gwen Call Hansen, and Lawrence White Call.
folder 5: Lake, George (1838-1898)
A brief biographical sketch that tells of James and Philomelia Smith Lake and their fourteenth child, George. He was born in 1838 in Kane County, Illinois. His father joined the church in 1832 so George grew up in the church. He was eleven years of age when the family crossed the plains and arrived in Salt Lake Valley in 1850. They settled in Ogden and at a young age George became an interpreter and a friend of the Indians.
George's first wife was the widow of his brother. His second wife was Sarah Jane Hill, and his third wife was Mary Edda Foster. The following dates highlight his life.
Went on a mission to England.
Returned home. Settled in Oxford, Idaho, where he became bishop of Oxford Ward.
Three of his children died of diphtheria.
Forced to leave his home when United States marshals began the hunt for polygamists. Was called to settle in Arizona Territory.
Settled on the Colorado River and named the settlement Obed.
Dams were swept out by high water.
Arizona settlements were organized into a Stake of Zion with Lot Smith as president.
Suffered from the fever. United Order began to break up and the people scattered. Moved to Forest Dale.
After much discouragement and many moves started to Mexico to find a place to live.
During years in Mexico worked at many things, including the practice of medicine and minor surgery, lawyer, and peacemaker among the colonists and Mexicans.
Died of typhoid pneumonia.
folder 6: Rogers, Andrew Locy (1854-1943)
"Sketch of the Life of Andrew Locy Rogers," by Lenora S. Rogers, written in 1946.
Andrew Locy Rogers was born in 1854 to Thomas and Aurelia Spencer Rogers in Salt Lake City. He grew up in Farmington, Utah.
In 1876 Locy was called by Brigham Young in Captain Lot Smith's company with two hundred other Saints to help settle northern Arizona. The trip took three months and proved to be one of the most difficult missions ever attempted. Immediately upon arriving at Sunset they began building a dam, planting crops, digging ditches, and building a fort. Since there was very little money, most of the business was done by barter.
In 1879 Locy returned to Farmington to marry Clara Maria Gleason and then returned to Arizona. They lived in the United Order of Sunset five years. Locy's main job in the settlement was to tend the sheep herd. This meant following the sheep wherever there was food. Much of this time Clara went with him even though she had babies and small children.
The author relates the story of Locy finding $6,000 in gold pieces while herding sheep. It was returned to the man from whom it had been stolen and a generous reward was given Locy.
When the United Order broke up and most of the people returned to Utah, Locy moved his family to Allen's camp (now Joseph City), then later to Snowflake where he continued to farm and also turned to freighting. Locy helped build Snowflake.
He served a mission to Great Britain in 1908 and one to California in 1927. In 1918 Locy and Clara were called to work in the Arizona temple.
Clara died in 1932 and in 1935 Locy married Isabella Webb. This second marriage was unsuccessful, and in 1937 he married Florence Thomas Blain. Locy died in 1943 at the age of eighty-nine and was buried in Snowflake, Arizona. 8 pages.
Rogers, Clara Maria Gleason
"Life Sketch of Clara Maria Gleason Rogers," by Lenora S. Rogers.
Clara was nineteen years of age when she married Locy and went to live in the Sunset United Order in 1879. Her talents endeared her to the community where she taught school and wrote plays and poetry. The sketch tells of her devotion to her husband, children, community and church.
Included in the same folder is a short tribute to Clara written by Florence C. McCarthy and a letter from Andrew Locy Rogers to "Thora" telling of Clara's death in 1932. A short sketch and genealogical information of Desdemona Chase Gleason, daughter of Isaac and Phoebe Ogden Chase, the mother of Clara Maria Gleason Rogers, is also included.
folder 7: Smith, Lot
Charles S. Peterson, "'A Mighty Man Was Brother Lot': A Portrait of Lot Smith--Mormon Frontiersman," Western Historical Quarterly, vol. 1 (October 1970). Xerox copy of published article. 22 pages.
folder 8: Smith, Lot
"Lot Smith in Life and Death." This article, undated and unsigned, was published by the Deseret News after Lot Smith was shot. Typescript. 4 pages.
folder 9: Smith, Lot
Miscellaneous biographical notes concerning Lot Smith's death and estate by P. T. Reilly. 44 pages.
folder 10: Watson, Thora Bergeson
"Ancestors of Thora Bergeson Watson" (bound together in one volume).
Bergeson, Joseph (1840-)
Joseph was born in Logan in 1872 to Niels and Olive M. Jensen Bergeson. In 1873 they moved to Lewiston, Utah, where they lived in a dugout. The following year Niels built a two-room log house. At fifteen years of age Joseph worked on the Denver and Rio Grande Railroad at Price, Utah. In 1894 he was called on a mission to Scandinavia. In 1901 he married Medora A. Call. He was a farmer all his life. 20 pages.
Bergeson, Medora Adelaide Call (1878-)
Medora was born in Sunset, Arizona, in 1878. In 1884 her family returned to Bountiful. In 1901 she married Joseph Bergeson. She was an active church member. 13 pages.
Bergeson, Niels (1840-)
Niels was born in Sweden in 1840. He emigrated to Utah in 1870--came with the first immigrants by train to Ogden. He made his home in Logan and later in Lewiston. He worked on the Logan temple, and served a mission in Scan dinavia. 13 pages.
Bergeson, Olive Matilda Jensen (1841-1908)
Olive Matilda Jensen Bergeson was born in Denmark in 1841. She came to Utah in 1870 and worked at cleaning and washing to help support the family. In 1890 Neils went to Sweden on a mission and when he returned he brought a young Swedish woman whom he expected to have as a plural wife. Matilda could not live in polygamy, so they were divorced. She worked hard to support her large family. She died in 1908 at sixty-seven years of age. 4 pages.
Call, Israel (1854-)
Two sketches--one biographical and one autobiographical. Israel was born July 2, 1854, at Fillmore, Utah, to Anson and Ann Mariah Bowen Call. His parents joined the Mormon church in 1836 and emigrated to Utah in 1848 with the Brigham Young Company. Anson was called from his home in Bountiful to help settle Millard County.
When Israel was a baby the family moved to Call's Fort to settle. The next move was to Carson Valley, Nevada, and in 1857 back to Bountiful. Israel began his schooling in Bountiful. In 1868 his father and mother were divorced and his mother remarried. Anson took custody of the children. Israel had a very hard life in his youth but became determined to get an education. These school plans were interrupted after the first year when he was called to go to Arizona in 1875. The company from Bountiful included Wilford Barlow, Parley Willey, Kepler Sessions, Joseph J. Holbrook, Joseph Hyrum Holbrook, Daniel Moss, Peter C. Wood, and George C. Wood.
The group secured a place near Sunset Crossing on the Little Colorado and began clearing land and planting crops. The dam they built washed out so they moved down below a dam built by the Jesse O. Ballinger Company.
In 1876 Brigham Young sent them a flour mill and a sawmill. The sawmill was located in the mountains about fifty miles from Sunset. The flour mill was at Ballinger's Dam. They built a fort and dug a well.
In 1877 Israel set out for Utah to do temple work. He returned in 1878 and worked at a variety of jobs. Israel went to Kanab for provisions, marketed cattle, delivered wood to Albuquerque, and worked on the farm and dairy. Apostle Erastus Snow visited Sunset in 1878 and made Levi M. Savage ward bishop.
Jane Lucinda Judd Knight became the polygamous wife of Israel in the St. George Temple in 1880. 36 pages.
Call, Medora White (1855-)
Medora was born April 9, 1855, in Farmington, Utah, to John Stout and Ann Eliza Adelaide Everett White. (See other biographies of Medora White Call.) 5 pages.
Call, Anson (1810-1890)
Anson Call was born in Fletcher, Franklin County, Vermont, in 1810. His first marriage was at twenty-three to Mary Flint. Shortly after his marriage he joined the Mormon church. He and his wife started on a trip to Kirtland, Ohio. Several pages are devoted to a description of the persecutions at Far West.
In 1842 Anson moved his family to Nauvoo. The history then gives an account of the persecutions, the martyrdom, the exodus from Nauvoo, preparations for and the trip West. The family arrived in Salt Lake City on September 19, 1848. Anson Call settled in Bountiful (North Canyon Ward).
Dates of importance in Anson Call's life follow:
Left with George A. Smith to colonize in Iron County. Settled in Parowan.
Married Ann Mariah Bowen. Raised another company of fifty families to colonize Pauvant Valley. Laid out a city and called it Fillmore.
Became the representative to the legislature from Millard County.
Helped bury the remains of Captain Gunnison and party.
Accompanied Brigham Young and company of church officials to visit the southern settlements. Started a large farm in Box Elder County since known as Call's Fort.
Joseph L. Heywood appointed Anson as his deputy.
Anson called on another colonizing mission to Carson Valley.
Sent to relieve handcart companies. Took two more wives. Assisted in building fortifications in Echo Canyon.
Stored four thousand pounds of flour at Pasjsm (?), and moved his family to the shore of Utah Lake.
Married his brother's widow Henrietta Williams Call and reared her six children.
Sent on a mission to establish a colony near the Colorado River. This was to build a landing and a warehouse on the river, with the prospect of navigating the river by steamboat to the highest possible point and storing supplies which would then be freighted by wagon to Utah. 36 pages.
White, John S. (1818-1907)
John S. White was born February 15, 1818, in New Jersey. He joined the Mormon church in 1843 and went to Nauvoo in 1845. He joined Colonel Scott's Company of Artillery at Council Bluffs and volunteered for the Mormon Battalion.
After being mustered out, he bought a mule and traveled to Sacramento Valley where he made shoes in a factory started by Sutter. When gold was discovered, the factory was deserted and after panning for gold he returned to Utah arriving in September 1848.
In Salt Lake City he again began making shoes. This and farming were his occupations during his life. He married Ann Eliza Adelaide Everett in 1849. 8 pages.
White, Ann Eliza Adelaide Everett (1832-)
Ann Eliza Adelaide Everett White was born in New York City in 1832. Her family moved to Nauvoo and arrived in Salt Lake City July of 1847 in the Jedediah M. Grant Company. She married John White in 1849. They moved to Farmington and her life was spent here rearing her family and attending to her church duties. 10 pages.
Call, Cyril (1785-1873)
The first member of the Call family to join the Mormon church, Cyril joined in October of 1831. He and his wife Sally lived in Kirtland where they first heard of Mormonism. They moved to Nauvoo and started west in 1846, remaining in Iowa and Nebraska until 1849. He settled his family in Bountiful where he lived all his life as a farmer. 9 pages.
Call, Sally Tiffany (1790-1856)
Sally was born in Vermont, November 27, 1790. She married Cyril Call in 1805. She had thirteen children--eleven came to Utah. They founded Call's Fort in Box Elder County. 2 pages.
Everett, Addison (1805-1885)
Addison Everett was born in 1805 in Orange County, New York. He was baptized into the Mormon church in 1837, ordained a high priest in 1841, gathered in Nauvoo in 1844, came to Utah in 1847, filled a mission to southern Utah, and made his home there. 9 pages.
folder 11: Bushman, John, et al.
To Erastus Snow, Brigham Young, and George Teasdale, March 19, 1888. Report of the Sunset United Order drawn up by the committee with John Bushman as chairman. Also a letter appointing the committee and outlining the investigation of property.
folder 12: Lake, George
To John Taylor, October 23, 1877. Tells of the settlement they had to abandon because of stagnant water which gave many of the settlers "chills and fever." They were taken into other settlements.
folder 13: Nielson, Frihoff, et al.
To Apostle Erastus Snow, September 9, 1886. Report from the committee on their encounter with Lot Smith when they met with him to settle accounts of the Sunset United Order.
folder 14: Rogers, Andrew Locy (1878-1920)
Seven letters of family news and assurances that things are going well with him.
folder 15: Smith, Lot
To Brigham Young, June 16, 1862, from Pacific Springs. Has interviewed Brigadier General Craig. Smith's company is building houses and a corral at Devil's Gate.
To Brigham Young, July 13, 1862, from Fort Bridger. Writes that Lieutenant Knowlton and party had returned from searching for deserters.
To Brigham Young, June 9, 1875, from Farmington. Hopes Brigham Young has not lost faith in him.
To Brigham Young, July 7, 1876, from Sunset Crossing, Little Colorado. Requests information on sawmill which has arrived. John D. Lee is charging $12.00 for ferrying a wagon and team.
To Brigham Young, November 6, 1876, Sunset, Arizona. Sawmill arrived. Brother Tenney will run it. Tells of a chance to buy 3,500 head of sheep at $2.50 a head. Does not think it necessary or advisable to join the four settlements since they are quite close.
To Brigham Young, November 19, 1876, from Sunset Crossing, Arizona. Sawmill is running but out of repair. Tenney wishes to leave and they have no one to run the mill. Indians visit in large numbers and tax their supply of provisions.
To Brigham Young, November 27, 1876, from Sunset, Arizona. The gentleman with the herd of sheep will now sell 3,000 for $6,000. Elders Stewart and Pratt are in Sunset.
To Brigham Young, December 8, 1876, from Sunset, Arizona. Sending wagons to Kanab for provisions.
To Brigham Young, January 10, 1877, from Sunset, Arizona. Brothers Lake and Ballinger are having difficulties in their camps.
To Brigham Young, September 28, 1877, from Sunset, Arizona. Brother Allen's camp numbers forty-eight; Brother Ballinger's camp numbers seventy-five, and Brother Smith's camp numbers fifty. All working together in the United Order. Brother Lake's camp and Sunset are eating together. Repairing the sawmill and gristmill. Relations with the Lamanites continue to be good.
To Daniel H. Wells, November 25, 1877, from Sunset, Arizona. Crops are good. One hundred and twenty-five more settlers have arrived. They made two hundred gallons of good molasses.
To John Taylor, February 26, 1878, from Sunset, Arizona. "Have I your permission to take another wife?"
folder 16: Smith, Lot
To John Taylor, July 19, 1886, from LaAscension, Arizona. Tells of Erastus Snow's criticism of the settlement of accounts of the United Order.
To Wilford Woodruff, January 23, 1889, from Tuba City, Arizona. Relates the settlement with Bishop Brinkerhoff.
To Wilford Woodruff, December 9, 1889, from Tuba City, Arizona. Pays Brinkerhoff $1,073.75.
To Wilford Woodruff, March 11, 1890. Reservoir near Tuba City, Arizona. Is concerned about the "situation you folks are in up there now."
folder 17: Snow, Erastus
To President John Taylor, December 19, 1878, from St. George, Utah. Regarding complaints against Sunset (Lot Smith' camp).
To George Q. Cannon, December 29, 1878, from Parowan, Utah.
To Frihoff Nielson, July 20, 1886, from Juarez near Casas Grandes, Mexico. Writes of the organization of the committee to make final settlement of Sunset United Order. Lot Smith refuses to serve on the committee.
To John Bushman, August 23-26, 1886, from Juarez near Casas Grandes, Mexico. Regarding acceptance of appointment to Sunset United Order Committee.
folder 18: Woods, J. A.
To John T. Caine, September 15, 1886, from Woodruff, Arizona. Requests information on an act of Congress forfeiting a portion of the land grant of the Arizona and Pacific Railroad Company, and if said act applies to any of the lands of the railroad company west of Albuquerque. Are lands between Holbrook and Flagstaff included in the act of forfeiture?
To John Bushman, October 11, 1886, from Woodruff, Arizona. John T. Caine replies that the act of Congress does not affect the settlers.
To the editor of the Deseret News, February 9, 1877, from Sunset Crossing. Describes the fort, schools, and dam and tells of many babies and organizing the Mutual Improvement Association.
folder 19: Young, Brigham
To Lot Smith, April 30, 1862, from Salt Lake City, Utah. Advises him that he has been mustered into the service of the United States for ninety days by President Lincoln "to be employed in protecting the property of the Telegraph and Overland Mail companies in or about Independence Rock."
folder 20: Sunset United Order Letterbook (1886-1888)
The letters from the Sunset United Order Letterbook are written by the secretary for the members of the committee appointed to settle accounts of the Sunset United Order. Each account was figured for the amount of property put into the company; the amount drawn out; and the amount of labor performed at a price arrived at. Each person was then notified as to whether he had drawn out too much or too little, and each was assessed accordingly.
box 8: Diaries
volume 1-3: Nielson, Frihoff Godfred
Frihoff Godfred Nielson was born May 3, 1851, in Copenhagen, Denmark. He emigrated with his parents to America in 1861.
His family arrived in Utah in the Captain Samuel W. Woolley Company, September 22, 1861. In 1862 he moved to Morgan County, Utah. At Peterson in Morgan County, he held many positions in his church, and acted as justice of the peace and taught school. Being called on a colonization mission to Arizona, he left Salt Lake City February 2, 1876, together with Lot Smith and others. He settled on the Little Colorado River, where he became one of the founders of Sunset about three miles west of Winslow, Arizona. Here he acted as secretary and treasurer of the Sunset United Order Company, school teacher, ward teacher, Sunday school superintendent, and state superintendent of Sunday schools. When the Sunset colony was broken up in the summer of 1884 he moved to Ramah, New Mexico.
Nielson was ordained a Seventy September 6, 1891, and became a president of the 104th Quorum of Seventy. In 1894 he bought real estate in the Bluewater country, New Mexico, where a branch of the church was later organized. He located in this part of the country with part of his family.
In 1899-1901 Nielson filled a mission to the northern states. In 1906 when the Saints in the Bluewater country were organized as a ward, he was ordained a high priest and set apart as an alternate high counselor in the St. Johns Stake. Upon the removal of Bishop LeSueur from the Bluewater Ward in July of 1918, Nielson was called to act as presiding elder. He also acted as ward clerk and held both these positions until June 1919 when he moved back to Ramah. For a number of years he served as postmaster at Ramah and later as assistant postmaster at Bluewater, New Mexico. When not engaged in clerical pursuits he has followed the occupation of a farmer and gardener.
Nielson married Emma Waitstill Mecham, who bore her husband nine children, and Mary Ellen Everett, who bore him five children.
The journal of Frihoff G. Nielson is a typescript of originals dating from 1851 to 1935 and bound in three volumes. Some of the main entries related to the Mormon settlement of Arizona and New Mexico have been extracted from the journals and follow:
January 19, 1876
Called to fill a mission to Arizona. Everyone expected to turn everything they have into the United Order, work together, and make it their permanent home. It is a new country not settled yet.
January 22, 1876
Wrote list of outfit to take to Arizona.
January 30, 1876
Started through Weber Canyon. Had six teams and nine men to help through the canyon.
February 1-3, 1876
In Salt Lake City preparing for the trip. Joined Lot Smith.
February 3, 1876
Traveled south with Lot Smith's company.
March 2, 1876
Went to Orderville. There are fifteen families. They eat at one table, have one stock yard, and are building one dwelling house. They raise wheat and corn, make cloth, and are raising stock.
March 5, 1876
Stored some provisions at Orderville to be picked up later. Left Orderville.
March 14, 1876
Drove to Kanab.
March 15, 1876
A company was organized. There are only six wagons with two more to join at Navajo Wells.
March 19, 1876
"...Jacob Hamblin gave a description of the country to which we were going. Said it was a fine country, abundant grass, fine timber, and plenty of water . . . friendly Indians. And that if he had his choice he should desire to live in Arizona . . . ."
April 8, 1876
Arrived at Lee's Ferry. Emma Lee very kind.
May 7, 1876
Arrived at J. Ballenger's camp, crossed the river, and drove into Lot Smith's camp at noon.
May 8, 1876
"Got out my provisions and seed and gave an account of it to the clerk and delivered over the provisions to the commissary ...."
May 9, 1876
Went to work on the dam.
May 23, 1876
"Many are very careless and do not care whether they work or not and are sitting down or talking most of the time."
May 24, 1876
Worked on the ditch. "An Indian came here this afternoon who wants to stay with us."
June 2, 1876
President Wells, Apostles Erastus Snow and Brigham Young, Jr., arrived. Brother Roundy of Kanarra was drowned and one wagon and provisions lost.
June 5, 1876
Visited George Lake's camp.
June 8, 1876
Lot Smith dissatisfied about the people who do not work. United Order organized. Some ill feeling was manifested.
June 13, 1876
Four men returned home to Salt Lake and Centerville being dissatisfied and not willing to stay.
June 14, 1876
Attended a meeting where the constitution and by-laws of the United Order were read.
June 16, 1876
Twenty-eight members signed their names to the preamble of the United Order.
July 2, 1876
Voted in as clerk of the company.
July 4, 1876
"A salute was fired at sunrise. Meeting at 10:00 a.m. where music, an oration by Lot Smith, addresses by H. Hobbs, J. T. Wood, recitations, songs . . . . Good order and good feeling prevailed."
July 6, 1876
Directors of the United Order are: Lot Smith, Edward E. Jones, James T. Woods, William Hayes, Dan Davis, F. G. Nielson, and Henry Hobbs.
July 10, 1876
So many want to go home.
July 19, 1876
In charge of commissary. Stock of provisions consisted of 4,000 pounds of flour and meal, 160 pounds of beans, 48 pounds of sugar, 211 pounds of rice, and 44 pounds of apples.
Daily projects consisted of working on the dam and ditch and fencing. Doled out supplies for the cooks weekly
August 28, 1876
Looked for a townsite.
August 29, 1876
Cut logs for a stockade. Brothers Smith, Lake, and McLaws started for timber to locate a place to put the sawmill. Brothers Hatch, Maughan, and others are going to live among the Zuni Indians.
September 1, 1876
Digging a well at the townsite.
September 11, 1876
Started in company with Brother L. Smith to explore for a mill site. Obed has three sides of their fort completed--made of rock. They are building houses.
September 20, 1876
Have on hand 4,800 pounds of flour and 200 pounds of meal.
October 15, 1876
Sent county tax money in with Mr. Behan, candidate for sheriff of the county.
November 17, 1876
Started for sawmill for lumber.
December 13, 1876
Left settlement for Kanab and Orderville to get supplies.
January 4, 1877
Arrived in Orderville and stayed with Bishop Orson Spencer.
January 5, 1877
Telegram from Kanab to Brigham Young letting him know Orderville could loan the Arizona people four tons of flour, meal, and potatoes.
January 7, 1877
Brigham Young, because of rheumatism in his feet and legs, needed to be carried from room to room at the dedication of the St. George temple.
January 9, 1877
Got permission from Brigham Young to borrow flour from Orderville.
January 16, 1877
Orderville increasing very fast. Now numbers four hundred people, and more coming every week. All eat at the same table. They have a school, evening schools, Young Men's Mutual Improvement Association, singing schools, carpenter shop, sawmill (with water power), and a telegraph line.
January 20, 1877
Loaded 6,000 pounds of flour, 1,000 pounds of corn meal, 1,000 pounds of graham, and 20 bushels of potatoes.
February 21, 1877
Arrived at Sunset camp.
April 9, 1877
Started back to Utah.
May 7, 1877
Arrived home. Worked on father's farm.
September 1, 1877
Attended Brigham Young's funeral.
October 20, 1877
Married Emma Waitstill Mecham. Made preparations to return to Arizona.
November 9, 1877
Left Salt Lake City for Arizona with Emma and sister Mary.
November 24, 1877
Arrived at St. George and went to temple. Visited the cotton mill.
December 24, 1877
Arrived back at Sunset. Was well received. Helping to get houses ready for winter.
January 27, 1878
Stake of Zion organized. Lot Smith elected president; Jacob Hamblin and L. H. H. Hatch, first and second counselors; F. G. Nielson, clerk and high council.
February 19, 1878
The appraising committee appraised Nielson's household property.
February 20, 1878
Emma and Mary commenced their week in the kitchen.
February 24, 1878
Sustained as superintendent of Sunday school. Ordered two copies of Juvenile Instructor for Sunday school.
March 13, 1878
Twelve Moquis, with one woman, came to the settlement saying they wanted to live there.
April 5, 1878
Lot Smith appointed a committee to investigate the matter of labor and adopt a system so labor can be more profitable.
During these months Nielson spent part of his time making and mending shoes along with his other work at the dairy, binding wheat, as superintendent of Sunday school, and as clerk of the stake. Nielson was a willing worker and often complained about those who did not do their share.
August 9, 1878
First son born to Frihoff G. and Emma Nielson.
November 9, 1878
Took an examination for school teaching certificate.
November 11, 1878
Estimated value of schoolhouse, furniture, fuel, and teachers' salaries preparatory to making a trustees report to the county superintendent in order to draw money from the public school fund.
December 1, 1878
Board of Trade (one from each settlement) appointed to establish prices of commodities.
December 5, 1878
Wrote letters to Indian commission in Washington. Received notice of election as justice of peace for Sunset. Taught school.
December 17, 1878
Settled with A. Perkins who withdrew from the United Order.
December 29, 1878
Met father and family who had come to Arizona--eleven people, one team of horses, a spring wagon, two ox wagons, four oxen, nineteen head of loose horn stock, and four loose horses.
January 1, 1879
"Father and family well received."
January 9, 1879
Wrote a letter for the company to President John Taylor asking questions in regard to the workings of the United Order.
February 4, 1879
Wrote a letter to the United States Postal Department asking for a new mail route from the Arizona settlements to Utah.
February 8, 1879
"Done chores. Wrote some in the morning on Stake reports, etc. In the afternoon made a bookcase for Peter and planed a board for Father. Attended council meeting in the evening . . . ."
February 11, 1879
School trustees received letter from county superintendent of schools that there was $489.08 coming to the district.
February 15, 1879
Council meeting to set up better standards for appraisal before people are allowed to enter the United Order.
March 9, 1879
Lot Smith "finding fault with the way we done here . . . saying a reform was needed, but did not suggest any remedies."
May 17, 1879
Wilford Woodruff arrived in Sunset. Spoke on ordinances of the temple.
May 31, 1879
Acted as clerk of conference--gave statistical report.
June 3, 1879
Recorded a misunderstanding with Lot Smith over property. Lot accused Nielson of slander.
June 25, 1879
Drove to dairy where Sunset, Brigham City, and St. Joseph are engaged in dairying.
July 24, 1879
Celebration of Pioneer Day.
August 22, 1879
Baby Frihoff Brigham Neilson, one year, died.
September 5, 1879
Another conflict with Lot Smith regarding company property.
October 9, 1879
Made molasses--117 gallons in twenty-four hours. Three thousand bushels of corn raised.
October 16, 1879
"There are 7 women spinning and one weaving. 4 yads, of cloth wove today."
November 20, 1879
Requested additional copies of Deseret News and Juvenile Instructor for the company. Was refused.
November 27, 1879
Still keeping accounts for the company. Sent in school attendance to the county superintendent of public schools to obtain "our portion of the school fund due us which they want to deprive us of."
November 28, 1879
Went through the gristmill accounts with A. M. Derrick.
December 1, 1879
Wrote the minutes of conference for the Deseret News and mailed a copy to Orson Pratt, church historian.
December 6, 1879
Apostle Woodruff moved into a new room built for him.
February 5, 1880
Spoke upon the United Order concerning stewardship and dividend in the Order. Was not in favor of dividend.
February 15, 1880
"John W. Young speaking at Brigham City, told of the proper rearing of children, studying of laws of health, keeping word of wisdom. He said bread should be baked in small loaves, use graham for bread, meat to be rare cooked, eat slow, go to bed soon after dark and arise early."
March 1, 1880
Birthday of Wilford Woodruff celebrated with a dinner of chickens, geese, preserves, custard pies, etc.
March 10, 1880
"Have a foot-power turning lather for wood made in carpenter shop." Recorded gristmill and dam accounts.
April 1, 1880
Baby girl, Emma Pearl, born to Frihoff and Emma Nielson.
May 30, 1880
Conference subjects at this session: word of wisdom, education, economy, humility, charity, United Order, speaking evil, political rights, etc.
September 1, 1880
Relief Society organized at Sunset
September 8, 1880
Made adobies. Five men made about eight hundred bricks in one day. Will build a new dining hall sixty feet by thirty-two feet of frame and adobies.
September 27, 1880
Apostles Erastus Snow and Brigham Young, President F. M. Lyman, W. D. Dame, Brother Gillispie, James Houston, and others arrived from Snowflake conference.
March 25, 1882
Read semi-weekly News of March 18--the law against polygamy (Edmunds Bill).
June 30, 1882
Had harsh words with Lot Smith
July 13, 1882
A fair settlement given those who are going away, most of them taking considerably more than they brought in.
February 3, 1883
Another son born--Joseph Frihoff.
March 26, 1883
"Done my work in the kitchen and sorted out beets. Done some trading with the Moqui Indians, . . . Sent to Montgomery Ward & Co. for goods for my own use. Killed and dressed a sheep . . . . Fixed some shoes. Shingled 3 boys hair. Chopped wood for the kitchen and for home. Read some."
April 10, 1883
". . . At the table Lot Smith and H. R. Burke got into words about womens work. Lot proposing women do baking of bread, etc. and Burk opposed it . . . . I told them I regretted to see this jangling and ill feeling and said I would sooner live by myself . . . .Hitched up 2 mules, 2 oxen, and with Alva Porter, Peter Mortensen, 5 cows, 4 calves, 1 bull, 6 hens and 1. rooster started for a new place 50 miles south in the mountains . . . ."
April 13, 1883
Reached St. Joseph. Drove up the creek or canyon five miles and began clearing ground. Four families here.
May 23, 1883
Gave notice (back at Sunset) he wished to be settled with and withdraw from the company. Lot Smith, J. H. James, and I. Call promised him a settlement.
June 11, 1883
"Got my things together and loaded up and about 4 o'clock p.m. hitched up and left Sunset with my family and a little over half my things . . . ."
June 19, 1883
Arrived at Navajo, New Mexico, where father and family lived.
July 9, 1883
Got city lot and ten-acre lot today.
August 2, 1883
Went back to Sunset to settle up accounts with Lot Smith. Collected money due for justice of peace job.
August 9, 1883
"Bid the folks there [Sunset] goodbye and started for Navaho, New Mexico."
August 18, 1883
Accepted into the Navaho Ward.
September 1, 1883
". . . Plastered the house in the morning . . . . In the afternoon I fixed up a bedstead, etc. . . . and we moved my things into the house for the first time."
September 3, 1883
". . . Boarded at my own table with my family for the first time."
September 8, 1883
Navajo Reservoir and Irrigation Company organized.
October 17, 1883
Voted in as president of Young Men's Mutual Improvement Association.
September 28, 1884
Post Office Department will establish a post office here named Ramah and will appoint Nielson as postmaster.
December 5, 1884
Taught school--twenty-three or twenty-four pupils.
May 21, 1885
"Sacked up 1000 1bs. potatoes and loaded them in the wagon, also about 100 doz. eggs, 8 1bs. butter and 14 chickens for Wingate and Coolidge."
June 8, 1885
Left for Snowflake to attend conference.
January 2, 1886
Arrived at St. George to visit and do temple work.
July 28, 1886
Received a letter from Erastus Snow and George Teasdale notifying him of his appointment as one of the committee of five to settle up and dispose of the property of the Sunset United Order.
August 28, 1886
"Spent nearly the whole day in conversation with Lot Smith on one side and us three brethren as sub committee on other side . . . . Brother Smith although treating us kindly today, yet seems to want to blind us and through shrewdness endeavor to get more property than would rightfully belong to him."
September 13, 1886
All five members of the committee members met and attended to business related to Sunset United Order.
December 7, 1886
"Met with the Committee throughout the whole day. Planned the settlement for Lot Smith. Total capitol for L. Smith $28, 844. 58."
July 13, 1887
Bushman, Udall, Brookbank, Webb, and Nielson met to work on Sunset United Order accounts.
July 14, 1887
Attempted to settle accounts. "Lot Smith being very obstinate and disagreeable."
August 31, 1887
Began to gather up and deliver stock of United Order.
September 3, 1887
Received three bulls, forty-two cows, thirty calves, nine yearling heifers, four yearling steers, five two year-old steers, five three-year-old steers, and six four-year-old steers.
September 4, 1887
Lot Smith very abusive.
September 26, 1887
Met all day as a committee.
October 4, 1887
Moved Mary (second wife) to mother's. Too trying to Emma for them to live together.
October 20, 1887
"Had a good dinner today in honor of our 10th anniversary of being married to Emma. Had conversation with my wives in evening they do not feel right good, but are feeling better."
October 24, 1887
Emma to teach school.
December 19, 1887
In Woodruff in the evening. Met with Udall, Bushman, and Burk on committee of Sunset United Order business.
December 20, 1887
Committee met. Lot Smith present all day.
January 9, 1888
Visited day school. Twenty-eight pupils enrolled.
May 20, 1888
Emma expressed a desire to separate from Frihoff, but withdrew the complaint.
November 19, 1889
Made out $40.00 bill to send to Montgomery Ward and Company for goods for the family.
February 4, 1890
Bought a house for Mary Ellen in St. Johns.
August 26, 1891
Took a trip to Wingate to sell farm products--corn, peas, beets, radishes, onions; fifty-five dozen eggs; twenty-four pounds of butter; eight chickens; fifty-two pounds of pelts; and two pounds of goat skin.
October 13, 1891
Loaded up 1,900 pounds of potatoes to take to Gallup to sell.
October 15, 1891
Realized $39.00 for the load of potatoes.
April 17, 1892
News of the services of the laying of the capstone of the Salt Lake Temple
May 1, 1892
Subscription taken for completion of the temple. Nielson gave $25.00, Emma $4.00, Pearl $1.00, Freddy $. 75.
November 8, 1892
"Drove into Wingate disposed of load of potatoes, $23.25. Voted there, Republican ticket."
January 1, 1893
"Have donated during the past year to the completion of the Salt Lake Temple $36.00, to the Stake Academy $40.00 . . . ."
March 4, 1893
Attended conference at St. Johns. Speakers were Elders Dalton and Cluff, and B. H. Roberts of the Seventies.
March 31, 1893
Took the train at Wingate for Salt Lake City. The route from Wingate was Albuquerque, LaJunta, Colorado Springs, Grand Junction, and Salt Lake. Three days travel.
April 4, 1893
Attended conference in Tabernacle.
April 6, 1893
Admitted to the Salt Lake Temple. "A grand, magnificent building in all its parts and interesting services were held including the hosanna shout."
April 12, 1893
Went to Morgan City to visit families.
June 30, 1893
Visited the Zuni school. Purchased twenty-two good school desks and ten broken ones to be used in school at Ramah.
July 1, 1893
Visited around the Zuni Village.
November 6, 1893
Getting big room of house ready for a store.
November 13, 1893
Took a load of vegetables to sell to the Zunis at school.
December 25, 1893
Christmas. Gave children in my family presents. Got house ready for children's dance.
January 2, 1894
Visited with Brother H. E. Baker, a missionary sent down by the First Presidency to investigate for external evidence concerning the Book of Mormon. Spent the year in the usual way, raising and selling farm products. Negotiated for purchase of Bluewater place with E. A. Tietjen and W. F. McLaughlin.
January 1, 1895
Noted the depression--crop failure, unemployment, and the strike of the railroad workers. Emphasis by the church on the Word of Wisdom and tithing. "The church advanced $6400 for purchase of land from Box S Company on conditions we would incorporate. Ramah Land and Irrigation Co. incorporated under the laws of New Mexico."
September 19, 1895
Met George Q. Cannon in Albuquerque. Visited the fair with Mary Ellen and children.
September 20, 1895
Farmed at Bluewater and at Ramah. Attended to church duties, store, and supervising post office.
January 1, 1896
Notified that his name had been suggested as one to go on a mission.
December 31, 1896
He summarized the year: "One of struggle to obtain means. Crops very short through lack of water . . . . Much damage done by prairie dogs . . . . Not enough to pay expenses of my family. At Ramah we have built a reservoir . . . . At Bluewater have done nothing except raise a little hay mostly of poor quality.
"In the world, war with Cuba . . . corruption abound both among the masses and in official circles.
"In the church, . . . the gospel among the na tions is progressing with great success, the spirit of opposition having lost much of its power to harm or molest . . . . A. H. Cannon died, beloved and honored by all. Moses Thatcher, through rebellion having been expelled from his quorum and priesthood."
March 19, 1897
Mutual improvement meeting in St. Johns. John Henry Smith and Heber J. Grant were principal speakers.
Same type of entries. Worked at Ramah and Bluewater.
July 22, 1899
Received "call" to go on a mission to the northern states.
September 30, 1899
Made preparations to leave for mission.
October 1, 1899
Entry by son Joseph Frederic Nielson telling of the departure of his father. Nielson blessed his wives and children and left by train for Salt Lake City with J. B. Bond and W. J. Winsor.
October 8, 1899
In Salt Lake City. Attended Sunday School Jubilee in the Tabernacle. Very beautifully lit up with electric lights.
October 9, 1899
Was "set apart" for mission to the northern states.
October 12, 1899
Left Salt Lake City for Chicago and mission. Headquarters in St. Louis, Missouri.
Reported his mission experiences.
September 21, 1901
Released from his mission
September 26, 1901
Visited the Hedrickite church in Independence.
September 28, 1901
Arrived home in Bluewater where wife Emma lived with six children.
October 3, 1901
Left for Ramah to visit wife Mary and children.
From 1902-1907 Nielson divided his time between his family at Ramah and his family at Bluewater. Trains and automobiles made it easy to travel to St. George and Salt Lake City, Utah; Albuquerque, New Mexico; and Mesa, Arizona, and Frihoff frequently visited his married children and went through the temple. Emma died January 15, 1920.
From 1927 to 1935 when the diary ends, Nielson has a home at Mesa where he worked in the temple during the winter and in the summer went to the ranches in Ramah and Bluewater. Mary died December 29, 1934.
volume 4: Nielson, Frihoff Godfred
Extracts from the diaries (1876-1889). The notes from these thirty diaries have been made by George S. Tanner from the originals and are very brief with the subject of most entries listed in the margin. The original diaries are at Brigham Young University.
Nielson left Morgan County, January 31, 1876, with three teams and six men. They arrived in Orderville on March 3 where he filled his bed tick with straw. On May 7 they reached Ballinger's camp and drove on over to Lot Smith's camp the same day. He gives an accounting of his provisions and turned them over to the commissary.
Nielson records disagreements and discontent in the camps--"some work and some don't." June 16 he writes that there was quite a lot of opposition to signing the articles of association. Nielson becomes clerk of the company. July 6 the directors were chosen by ballot: Lot Smith, Edward E. Jones, James T. Woods, William Hayes, Dan David, F. G. Nielson, and Henry Hobbs.
For the next three months he tells of digging water wells; building dams, forts, houses, and fences; setting up the sawmill sent them by Brigham Young; and planting crops.
On January 1, 1877, he started back to Orderville for supplies. January 27, 1878, a stake of Zion was organized: Lot Smith, president; Jacob Hamblin and L. H. Hatch, first and second counselors; Jesse 0. Ballinger and _________ Gardner, members of the High Council; F. G. Nielson, clerk; L. M. Savage, bishop of Sunset; George Lake, bishop of St. Joseph; Jacob Hamblin, Ira Hatch, C. L. Christensen, William B. Gardner, Joseph B. Wakefield, and Charles Reidhead, missionaries to the Lamanites. John W. Young gave some instructions and made many pointed remarks.
For the rest of this volume, Nielson records the activities of the settlements: making molasses, planting corn and melons, church activities, and general attitudes of the people many of whom are having trouble adjusting to the United Order. Nielson as clerk is responsible for keeping records of property coming with settlers and the final settlements if they leave the United Order.
These extracts continue to July 1, 1889.
box 8a: Diaries, Histories
volume 1-2: Rogers, Andrew Locy (1854-1943)
Andrew Locy Rogers, the son of Thomas and Aurelia Spencer Rogers, was born in Salt Lake City, Utah, on December 19, 1854. He grew up in Farmington, Utah. In 1876 he settled on the Little Colorado River in Arizona. He married Clara Maria Gleason in 1879. Ten children were born from this union, three of whom died in infancy from diphtheria. Clara Maria died in December of 1933.
Rogers fulfilled a mission for the Mormon church to Great Britain from 1908 to 1910. He also served a second mission to California from 1927 to 1928.
He married Isabella Wells in 1933, but they were soon divorced. He married Florence T. Blain in 1937. Andrew Locy Rogers died in St. Johns, Arizona, on November 20, 1943.
Andrew Locy Rogers, Jr., the oldest son of Andrew Locy and Clara M. Rogers, was born on November 16, 1880, in Sunset, Arizona. He served a mission in Europe in 1901. His first wife, Nellie May Smith, died in 1910. He married Rebecca Smith in June 1912. The writings of his second wife appear at the end of his journal.
Further biographical information can be found in the autobiographical sketch by Andrew Locy Rogers.
These two volumes include the journal kept by Andrew Locy Rogers between 1882 and 1897 and a transcription of the journal. The transcription notes that the journal dates from 1882 to 1902. However, the last journal entry was made in 1897, but additional genealogical information was made after that date.
The journal was not kept on a regular or daily basis but rather important incidents and observations by the writer were entered. The journal also includes a lengthy section on incidents in the writer's youth up to the date the journal was begun. Genealogical information is included in the front and the back of the volume.
The xerox copy of the original journal is difficult to read, thus the register was prepared from the transcription. The pages listed below indicate pages from the transcription.
A genealogical list of the relatives of Andrew Locy Rogers
An account of the birth of Andrew Locy Rogers in Salt Lake City, Utah, in 1854, and recollections of moving south during the Utah War of 1857-1858.
Various experiences of growing up in Farmington, Utah.
The failure of the 1873 mission of the Mormon church to settle Arizona. Called as a missionary in January 1876 to attempt to settle Arizona again. Of all the families in Andrew Locy Rogers's company, he was the only one unmarried.
Company reaches Circle Valley on the Sevier River where heavy snow impedes progress. Company passes through Panguitch, Orderville, and Kanab. Crosses the Colorado River at Lee's Ferry.
Company arrives on the Little Colorado River on May 7, 1876. Camp set up and crops planted, but rations low and the people subsisting on dried apples and bread.
In the summer of 1876 settlers visited by Daniel H. Wells, Erastus Snow, and Brigham Young. During the first year crops flooded by the river, forcing a move down stream. The next year, 1877, there was a good harvest.
John W. Young visiting settlements, organizing the communities and named them Brigham City, Obed, St. Joseph, and Sunset. Lot Smith set apart as stake president.
Account of Andrew Locy Rogers finding $6,000 in gold coin and returning it to its rightful owners. Also included is an account of it printed in the Deseret News on September 8, 1882.
Items related by Wilford Woodruff and John Taylor.
Left Sunset, Arizona, in November 1882 and went to Farmington, staving a year. Second son born in May 1883 and named Spencer Chase. Returned to Sunset in December 1883.
United Order at Sunset disbanded in July 1884. Andrew Locy Rogers received 1,500 sheep and other property valued at $4,000.
Spent winter of 1884 in St. Joseph and purchased property in Snowflake next year.
Appointed counselor to President Paul Smith of the Eastern Arizona Stake High Priest Quorum. In May 1886 traveled to Mexico with Brigham Young, Jr. Returned to Snowflake in July 1886.
Hauled freight in 1888 between Holbrook and Fort Apache. Appointed a delegate to a Republican convention in Holbrook.
Trip to New Mexico to retrieve sheep in danger of freezing. Another son, Alvirus 0., born in June 1889. Elected justice of the peace of Snowflake Precinct in 1888.
Account of persecution of polygamists, and signing of the manifesto against polygamy in 1890. Birth of another son on January 2, 1892.
Dedication of the capstone of the Salt Lake Temple.
Mission to Tuba City, and a visit to Lot Smith's grave.
Trip to Salt Lake City in 1893 to attend the dedication of the Salt Lake Temple. Called to attend the Brigham Young Academy to take normal school courses.
Twentieth year anniversary celebration of the settlement of Arizona. Early hardships and dangers recounted.
Mission to Tonto Basin in June 1896.
Genealogical information of the family of Andrew Locy Rogers.
volume 3: Rogers, Andrew Locy
This volume, a xerox copy of the original, is the missionary journal of Andrew Locy Rogers. Although the cover sheet in the bound volume indicates that it is the journal of Andrew Locy Rogers, Jr., there is no doubt that it is, in fact, the journal of his father. Similar incidents appear both in the journal and in the autobiographical sketch of Andrew Locy Rogers.
The format of the journal is similar to the previous journal, i.e., an irregular account of incidents and observations. The journal mainly covers the latter part of the mission in Scotland and the trip home to Arizona. Roughly the dates of the journal are April to August 1910.
The original journal is in the possession of Spencer Rogers of Snowflake, Arizona. The journal is not paginated.
volume 4: Rogers, Andrew Locy
This is an autobiographical accunt, written by Andrew Locy Rogers, entitled "Life Sketch of Andrew Locy Rogers." According to a subtitle, this account was written in Salt Lake City, Utah, in December 1937, when the author was eighty-three years old. From an introductory statement it is obvious that the sketch was written for his family in order to leave a record of his life but also to relate incidents for spiritual development. This copy was a gift of Thora R. Lambert.
The parentage of Andrew Locy Rogers and early memories of growing up.
Took care of the family while his father was on a mission for the Mormon church in the 1870s. Hauled ore in Bingham and Little Cottonwood canyons.
Called with two hundred others to settle Arizona in 1876. Sold his land in Farmington, Utah, and started in the winter. Arrived on banks of the Little Colorado in May. Described various incidents in settling the country.
Statements of faith and belief.
Courtship and marriage to Clara Maria Gleason.
The United Order and the reasons for its failure in the Arizona settlements.
Incidents while living under the United Order, such as promptings of the spirit to move from a cabin which was later attacked by hostile Apaches. An account of finding $6,000 and returning it to its lawful owners. Incidents while tending sheep.
The United Order broke up; Andrew Locy Rogers received 1,500 sheep and other property. A trip to Rama, New Mexico. Hauled freight between Fort Apache and Holbrook, Arizona.
Various experiences while hauling freight.
Experiences of three missions for the Mormon church. First mission and lifelong experience was the settling of Arizona; second mission was to Great Britian, 1908 1910; third mission was to California, 1927-1928. He was also a home missionary to various places in Arizona.
Incidental stories and sketches about Indians, his sons' services in World War I, and letters to notable persons such as William Lyon Phelps. W. Star Jordan, Bruce Barton, etc.
Two prophecies made by Andrew Locy Rogers about his son, Spencer Chase.
Helped organize the first Republican party in Snowflake. Elected justice of the peace. Reminiscences of mock trial while a student at Brigham Young Academy. Interest in sports.
The death of his two daughters who died days apart from diphtheria. Also death of his son John Thomas. Account of his first wife's death in December 1933.
Incidents while on a trip to the World's Fair at Chicago.
Observations on health. The dedication of the bridge at Lee's Ferry. Tithing to the Mormon church. Copy of a poem entitled "Uncle Joe's Cotton."
Selection of stories to build faith and inspiration.
Account of his marriages to Clara M. Gleason in 1879. to Israbelle Wells in 1933 who divorced him shortly thereafter, and final marriage to Florence T. Blaine in 1937.
volume 5: Rogers, Andrew Locy, Jr., and Rebecca Smith Rogers
This book contains the writings of Andrew Locy Rogers, Jr., and his second wife, Rebecca Smith Rogers. Andrew Locy Rogers, Jr.'s, writings consist of a journal kept between September 1900 and April 1901. This period covers a trip from Snowflake to Pleasant Grove, Utah, his enrollment in the Brigham Young Academy, and the first part of his trip across the United States prior to sailing for Europe on a mission for the Mormon church.
After the journal of Andrew Locy Rogers, Jr., his wife Rbecca apparently used the rest of the volume to record a selection of her own writings. These writings fall into two categories. The first category is composed of three synopses and criticisms of literary works, probably school assignments. Following these writings are copies of poetry, songs, and other verse, composed by her. The copy of this journal was given to the University of Utah Libraries by Mrs. Thora R. Lambert.
Left Snowflake, Arizona, on September 3, 1900, with his mother and younger sister. Traveled to Marysvale, Utah, by wagon, and the proceeded by train to Pleasant Grove, Utah, where they stayed with relatives.
Attended the semi-annual conference of the Mormon church in Salt Lake City, Utah, in October 1900.
Wrote to fathere in Arizona and asked to be allowed to remain in Utah to attend school. Return letter to his mother directed Andrew Locy Rogers, Jr., to take the missionary course at Brigham Young Academy.
Returned to Marysvale and brought wagon to Pleasant Grove. Mother and sister left for Snowflake while Andrew, Jr., was bringing the wagon north. Enrolled in Brigham Young Academy on November 1, 1900.
Set apart as a missionary for the Mormon church on April 16, 1901, Made arrangements for transportation to East Coast and Liverpool.
Decription of trip eastward across the United States. Passed through Denver, Colorado; Lincoln, Nebraska; Chicago, IIIinois; Buffalo. New York; and Boston, Massachusetts.
Boarded an oceanliner for Liverpool, England.
Rebecca Smith Rogers's writings.
folder 6: Allen, Andrew W.
"Dawn and Sunset," by Andrew W. Allen. A short history of the Sunset United Order which relates the problems encountered raising certain crops and the experiments until adjustment could be made to climate, water, etc. The supply of honey came from a large oak tree burned in a forest fire and after twenty-six gallons of honey were extracted this swarm of bees and others became the constant supplier of this "royal luxury."
Turkeys, antelope, and bear supplied much of their meat. Allen tells of picnics, target shooting, horse racing, steer riding, and other amusements. Building and rebuilding the dame was a constant labor. Each person worked according to his talents and abilities. Also included with this short history is a list of people buried in the Sunset cemetery and a map of the Little Colorado settlements.
folder 7: Call, Israel
A history of the Sunset United Order by Israel Call. A statement of his affiliation with the United Order in Sunset; the length of time he belonged; and the property he was issued in 1884 when he withdrew from the Order.
folder 8: Committee for the Settlement of Affairs of Sunset
A copy of the handwritten minutes and a typescript made by George S. Tanner are avalilable in this collection.
These are the minutes of a special committee appointed in August 1886 to 1888 to review and disburse the property of the Sunset United Order after the Order was disbanded.
Chosen for the committee were John Bushman, F. G. Nielsen, H. R. Burk, T. W. Brookbank, and David K. Udall. John Bushman was elected chairman of the committee; Thomas W. Brookbank was to act as temporary chairman. The committee was to receive, list, appraise, and provide for the proper care of all property and to dispose of the same for cash. "To make out a statement of the assets and liabilities of the late Sunset United Order, to adjust equitably all individual accounts; to make collections of all accounts due the United Order." his involved livestock--horses, cows, and sheep--machinery, ranches, and outstanding accounts with St. Joseph for the gristmill, dairy, ranch, sawmill, thresher, wool presses, and the accounts with ACMI.
At the end of the minute book are listed all accounts handled by the committee.
series: VII. Taylor, Tuba City, Winslow, Woodruff
box 9: Diaries, Histories
folder 1: Standifird, John Henry
Two bound volumes, 1862-1908. 659 pages. The first volume begins in 1862 and ends in 1890.
April 29, 1862
"Was selected to go as a soldier to protect the mail line. Arrived in Salt Lake City at 8 p.m."
May 2, 1862
Met at the mouth of Emigration Canyon by Brigham Young and the Twelve. Instructions given. Lot Smith in command.
May 11, 1862
Arrive at Fort Bridger.
May 14, 1862
Came to Green River, to L. Robinsen Ferry.
May 21, 1862
William S. Godbe is in camp. On his way to the States. The few pages that follow record the excursion which ends with their arrival in Salt Lake City, August 15, 1862. Except for a few entries in 1863, the journal Skips to 1872.
April 15, 1872
Start on a visit to the southern country to look for a home with a good range.
May 3, 1872
Panguitch Lake--bought, cleaned, and salted about 350 pounds of fish. Returned home.
April 10, 1873
Start to Arizona to fill a mission.
May 6, 1873
Arrive at Kanab where Bishop Levi Stewart, who had heard from Joseph W. Young, instructing the Colorado brethren to proceed to Houserock Springs, there to wait until twenty-five or thirty gather before crossing the Colorado.
May 7, 1873
Bought two hens at fifty cents each, one and a half bushels of potatoes at $1.00 per bushel, and one pig(fourteen days old) for $4.00.
May 11, 1873
Elected chaplain of the company.
June 2, 1873
". . . the horse teams have left us and gone to Moan Croppie [sic]."
June 8, 1873
"This morning some of the Brothers went to Tooby's [Tuba's] village or farm." Standifird examined some large petrified trees, five feet six inches in diameter. He also found fragments of broken pottery. " I believe the feelings of the brethren generally is to return home as they think that they cannot live in this country. I do not see any inducements for me to stay if I am released from any further duties of this mission, though I expect to make a home in this southern country."
June 21, 1873
Standifird is forty-two years old--still waiting for word from Brigham Young. The report has reached them that the ferry on the Colorado has been lost. Timber to replace it will have to be hauled one hundred miles.
June 23, 1873
A number of teams start for Navajo Springs. The rest, thirty-two, move and camp by Jacob Hamblin's place.
July 17, 1873
"Bishop Levi Steart arrived with instructions from the President for the Arizona missionaries to locate at Patharia [sic], Johnson or Kanab." July 18, 1873 Standifird feft for Kanab.
July 19, 1873
Arrive at Kanab at noon. July 24, 1873 Celebration held at the bowery.
August 9, 1873
Start for home.
August 28, 1873
Arrive in Salt Lake City. Found wife Mary and her children well. Wife Fanny was in Ogden Valley.
August 28-September 20, 1873
Worked for Brother Donelson [sic] and paid some of the debts incurred while in Arizona. Prepares for trip south again.
November 13, 1873
"At 10:00 a.m. I bid Mary and her children good day and commended them to the Lord of Hosts and took Fann and her children with me and started out to make a home in the south country according to the council of President Brigham Young."
December 3, 1873
Arrive in Panguitch and try to find a house to live in. Could find only a room.
January 5, 1874
Commence an evening school at James Henrie's house. Continue to work in the shop (lumber and building).
January 24, 1874
Receive letter from John L. Blythe inviting him to join his company at Moenkopi.
January 25, 1874
Standifird's reply from Panguitch was, in part: "I am here with a portion of my family, destitute of clothing and provisions for the expedition."
Spent the winter months at carpentering, painting, ect., in Panguitch.
April 12, 1874
Spoke in Sunday school on the curse of Cain and Ham. Talks of intermarriage of races.
May 15, 1874
Start for Long Valley with William Osbourn and O. Elmer.
May 16, 1874
Arrive at Glen Dale [sic] the upper settlement in Long Valley (thirty-two families and a gristmill). Most of the people have joined the United Order.
May 17, 1874
"Kanab--the settlement contains about 30 families, the most of them has joined the United Order."
May 23, 1874
Back to Panguitch,.
June 27, 1874
"Missionaries arrived in Panguitch. J. A. Young talked and read the articles of agreement of the St. George branch of the United Order."
July 11, 1874
Moved to co-op ranch about fourteen miles from Panguitch.
August 16, 1874
Concludes to live in Kanab.
September 9, 1874
Erastus Snow and George Q. Cannon preach in Kanab.
October 20, 1874
Start north to Bountiful to get the rest of his family.
November 5, 1874
Arrive in Bountiful.
November 9, 1874
Sold his place to Ben Noble. Selling off furniture and settling up his business.
December 12, 1874
Arrive in Kanab where his family are all together again.
January 5, 1875
Attend a meeting for the organization of the United Order of Kanab--Levi Stewart, president; J.H. Standifird, first vice-president; Taylor Crosbie, second vice-president; Standifird, Crosbie, and F. M. Hamblin, executive committee; F. M. Farnsworth, secretary.
March 29, 1875
Plant twenty apple trees, twenty plum trees, and beds of asparagus, strawberries, and rhubarb.
July 8, 1875
John A. Young and Lorenzo Young held meetings.
July 12, 1875
"Today the font and oxen leave salt Lake City for St. George temple."
July 16, 1875
"John D. Lee I understand has turned states evidence in the Mountain Meadows Massacre of 1857."
November 21, 1875
James S. Brown preached this afternoon. He and his party on their way to Arizona to preach to the Indians.
January 1, 1876
Directors for the United Order for the year--L. John Nuttall, Levi Stewart, J. H. Standifird, James Lewis, Thomas Robertson, Taylor Crosby, A. A. DeWatt, James G. Brown, John Rider.
March 10, 1876
"For several days the brothers have been arriving and departing for Arizona . . . ."
March 29, 1876
Planting trees--almond, plum, peach, apple, and pear.
April 2, 1876
In the evening attended the organization of the Kanab Library and Literary Association.
April 24, 1876
Planting three hundred grape vines and dwarf cherry trees.
April 26, 1876
Planting lucerne and garden stuff.
June 7, 1876
"Spent most of the day branding stock for the Order."
June 21, 1876
Start work on the St. George Temple.
December 7, 1876
"This eveing in conversation with Bro. Truman O. Angel, sen. He said the Lord showed three witnesses the pattern for the Kirtland temple. F.G. Willian was one of the said witnesses who testified that the house was built in every particular after the pattern given."
December 19, 1876
"In conversation with President Young. He said he wished me to go to Lot Smith camp on the Little Colorado in Arizona."
Since June 21 has been at work on the St. George Temple and an office for Brigham Young.
January 1, 1877
Attends dedication of St. George Temple
January 30, 1877
Returns to his home in Kanab.
February 15, 1877
Went to the temple in St. George for endowments for his father and mother.
March 23, 1877
John D. Lee executed.
April 13, 1877
"I was adopted to Wilford Woodruff."
August 29, 1877
"This afternoon at four p.m. President Brigham Young departed this life. He has been a mighty man in Israel, kind, fatherly, and wise in his counsels."
January 26, 1878
"I dedicated my family to the Lord and took my leave of them and started to Arizona."
February 8, 1878
February 17, 1878
Arrives at Lot Smith's camp. Dined at the "big table." The people are living in the United Order. "In my judgement there is enough land here. . . to sustain many thousands of saints."
February 18, 1878
"I learned that there is no person to be admitted to the Order unless they consecrate everything and dine at one table."
March 11, 1878
Moves to Beaver Dell in Pleasant Valley on a ranch he bought.
April 7, 1878
Feeling lonesome--longs for the company of the Saints and would like to join the United Order "where I can have society and meetings. I desire the Lord to send a man to buy me out and let go where the Saints are."
May 4, 1878
Took a span of mules and starts to conference at Smith's camp. Daughter Ann with him.
May 9, 1878
Visits Lake's old fort on the return trip to Pleasant Valley.
May 21, 1878
Standifird is forty-seven years old. Made bee hives and divides his bees.
July 1, 1878
"This morning I started for Utah."
July 11, 1878
Arrives home (Kanab)--480 miles in eleven days.
July 30, 1878
Trades four colonies of bees for a wagon, turning lathe, and hand mill.
November 5, 1878
Starts from Kanab to Salt Lake City for goods. Arrives on the twelfth.
December 4, 1878
Arrives home. Absent for three months.
December 7, 1878
The population of the stake is 1,642--over one-third are children under eight years of age.
January 12, 1879
"I learned yesterday that the Supreme Court of the U. S. has decided against plural marriage."
January 17, 1879
"Gentiles flocking to the Parrea [sic] mines."
January 20, 1879
Trades a colony of bees to James H. Lewis.
February 6, 1879
"... brethren spoke on plural marriage and the efforts of the government of the U. S. to hinder the Saints from keeping the commandments of the Lord."
March 3, 1879
James Watson bought his place in Kanab for a span of work mares and colts, harness, wagon, one hundred bushels of grain, and a few bushels of potatoes.
May 6, 1879
Daniel H. Wells released from jail--a grand procession was seen in Salt Lake City.
June 29, 1879
Camps at the Orderville farm at Moccasin Springs with Brother Esplain.
Standifird lives and works at jobs and on his ranch in Kanab.
October 7, 1879
Third District Court has excluded all Mormons from the Grand Jury.
November 1, 1879
Trip to St. George to do temple work for the dead.
November 25, 1879
Starts for Arizona after settling his business in Kanab.
December 19, 1879
Arrives at Sunset.
December 26, 1879
"Moved up to my place on Silver Creek."
January 3, 1880
"I agreed to pay James Pear $150.00 for his interest in the ranch."
January 19, 1880
"Went to St. Johns and done some business .... The Saints are locating about two miles from here. They have bot [sic] up the most of the water rights. In the afternoon went up the river about 12 miles. We find there are places suitable to build reservoirs."
February 1-November 15, 1880
Standifird busy with the business of farming. His entries mention planting, farming, fencing, ditching, plowing, and the weather.
November 15, 1880
"Surveyed the town of Milton."
November 16, 1880
"Drove to Fort Apache. Sold some vegetables, butter and eggs."
November 17, 1880
"Made a contract with the quartermaster to do some carpenter work for them. $125.00."
December 25, 1880
Attends the quarterly conference at Snowflake. J. N. Perkins and N. Brimhall appointed to act with a like committee of Snowflake to take into consideration the water question of Silver Creek.
January 1-February 1, 1881
Busy with church activities.
February 1, 1881
Sent Tithing Schedule, Balance Shhet, and Ledger Account by letter to President John Taylor. Asks for use of the tithing wheat, potatoes, and corn for seeding and bread "as there is a number of families who are in need of both seed and bread and are not able to buy."
February 7, 1881
"Agricultural meeting at my house at night."
March 11, 1881
Sold 1,108 pounds of barley to John W. Young for $60.94 in merchandise.
March 28, 1881
Solomon, Allen, Thomas, and Standifird talked on the subject of the Co-operative Mercantile Institution which they were trying to start. Standifird appointed agent for the institution.
April 29, 1881
Building a bowery at the end of the meetinghouse.
April 30, 1881
Sabbath school outing. Eighteen wagons loaded with adults and children have gone on a picnic.
June 1, 1882
Indian depredations reported. Killing of N. B. Robinson by Indians reported.
July 4, 1882
Celebrates the Fourth of July "in a becoming manner. Dancing by juveniles in afternoon; in evening by adults."
September 12, 1882
Working on the tithing house.
September 17, 1882
President J. N. Smith, J. Fish, and J. Hunt visit. Wish the people to hold a caucus and appoint delegates to the St. Johns convention.
September 24, 1882
James Pearce charged with trespassing upon the rights of a Mexican.
December 4, 1882
Working on new meetinghouse.
December 7, 1882
Addresses the sisters on obedience and plural marriage.
December 30, 1882
Quarterly conference--Standifird reports the condition of the Taylor Ward.
February 4, 1883
J. N. Smith instructs Standifird to see about preempted or homesteads and look after certain water privilege in the interest of the Saints and call faithful brethren for this mission.
February 12, 1883
Smallpox in town.
February 17, 1883
Trying to make a hospital about one and a half miles to the south of town.
June 21, 1883
Standifird is fifty-two years old today.
December 4, 1884
Standifird indicted for polygamy and unlawful cohabitation. Edmund Ellsworth arrested on the same charge.
December 5, 1884
Asks Levi M. Shumway to assist his family during his absence. Standifird is going underground rather than face a polygamy charge.
December 6, 1884
". . .I was expected to be on the move as we had information that I may be wanted at Prescott. Some of our brethren have been indicted for polygamy and unlawful cohabitation and been convicted on the flimsiest evidence . . . therefore I do not feel like submitting to so unjust proceedings. I left home about 4 p.m. ...."
December 7, 1884
At Sunset, dined with Lot Smith.
December 8, 1884
Start for Utah.
December 14, 1884
Arrives at Colorado River. Put up with David Brinkerhoff.
December 15, 1884
"Brother Henry Tanner is added to our party here."
December 19, 1884
"We learned today that J. Christoffersen, C. I. Kesorp, and A. M. Tenney have been sent to the Detroit House of Corrections for three years and six months and $500 fine. . . . Also that W. J. Flake and P. M. Skousen were sentenced to 6 months and fined $500.00. There was no direct evidence against any of these brethren but merely circumstantial and furthermore their offences should of been barred by the Statute of limitations."
December 24, 1884
Back in Utah, dined with J. L. Heywood.
December 27, 1884
Monroe, Utah, stayed with Brother Christensen. Brothers Bushman and Hatch with Standifird.
January 10, 1883
Arrives in Salt Lake City. Brother Argyle (his father-in-law) sent one hundred pounds of dried fruit, etc., to his family in Arizona.
January 14, 1885
Visits the temple in Salt Lake.
January 15, 1885
Left Salt Lake City on the Utah Central Railroad, south. H. J. Grant on train. Arrives in Manti at 6 p.m. where he was to work on the temple.
January 16-February 26, 1885
Working on temple.
February 27, 1885
Receives letter from J. N. Smith in Arizona (by way of L. H. Hatch at Logan). Men are ready to leave for Mexico--Brothers Thatcher, L. P. Cardon, J. S. Cardon, S. H. Rodgen, Johnson, P. N. Skousen, E. L. Taylor, L. Hamblin, S. Jarvis, E. A. Noble, G. C. Williams, W. B. Maxwell, W. C. McClellan, Jacob Hamblin, Lot Smith, J. James, Isaac Turley, and J. H. Willis. Brother Udall in financial trouble--must raise $1,200 to $1,400 for fines. The ACMI is in serious trouble. Lot Smith has not helped from his stake. Credit has been allowed those leaving for Mexico. Judge Howard has been lecturing in Prescott on the Mountain Meadows Massacre--charging the whole responsibility to the church.
March 2, 1885
Letter to Presiding Bishopric in Salt Lake City from Standifird asking for help for Saints in Taylor, Arizona--the right to use the tithing grain. Letter from bishopric in Salt Lake City, February 28, 1885, granting the request of the Arizona Saints to use the tithing grain if it is paid back after the harvest (this year) with ten percent interest.
March 3, 1885
Standifird sent letter to W. H. Solomon to carry out loaning of wheat to Saints.
March 12, 1885
Standifird receives a temple order of $30.00 for grain to help his family in Arizona. Still working on temple.
March 14, 1885
"May the Lord speedily remove the more bitter branches of our enemies, notably Sumner Howard, S. C. Zane, J. S. Boreman, Lawyers Marshall and other who acted so unjustly."
March 12, 1885
The following letter received by Standifird.
Office of Utah Commission
Salt Lake City, Utah
February 18, 1885
John James Esqr.
St. George, Utah
Sir, I have the honor to acknowledge the receipt of your communication of the 13th instant, to the Honorable Chief Justice C. S. Zane which has been referred to me for attention. In reply I have to say that Section 6 of the Edmunds Act provides for amnesty; and the Attorney General requires that persons desiring amnesty should subscribe to the oath contained in the enclosed blank form of application, which you can do, provided you did not enter into bigamy or polygamy since March 22, 1882, and can otherwise take oath above said. By careful perusal of the blank form herewith you will readily understand your present status before the law.
On receipt of your application in due form, I shall forward the same to Washington.
Arthur L. Thomas
Sec. of Utah Territory
Form and oath included in the journal on page 256.
March 16, 1885
Working on the temple.
March 22, 1885
Letter from Standifird to W. H. Solomon. He is pleased that the brethren responded to the "defense fund." Notes the "rules laid down by the presidency of the Church for the government of dancing parties . . . ."
March 29, 1885
Sent order for the Orion Era published at St. Johns, Arizona.
April 29, 1885
"Quite a hot persecution in Idaho."
May 2, 1885
"Read the grievances of the Saints and a protest to the President and people of the U. S. against the present crusade of federal officials against the Saints--I signed the petition."
May 18, 1885
Erastus Snow informs Standifird that Apostles B. Young and Moses Thatcher had gone to Mexico City to see what could be done for the Saints. He warned the Saints "to keep out of the clutches of the officers and not plead guilty etc."
June 18, 1885
"It seems the Railroad Company has sold their lands along the Atlantic and Pacific R. R. in Arizona to a company of stockmen and by this means the Saints may be defrauded of their homes in that country."
June 21, 1885
Standifird is fifty-four years of age.
August 8, 1885
Memorial services for General Grant. . The citizens of Utah take quite an active part in the ceremonies.
August 23, 1885
"I learn through Bro. D. Milne by letter from St. George that Ammon M. Tenney has become demented. He was serving an unjust sentence in the Detroit House of Corrections."
November 30, 1885
"I hear today that a deputy Marshall shot Joseph McMurrin in Salt Lake City on Saturday without any cause, also that Judge Zane has made very unjust ruling in the Vanderhook case."
December 20, 1885
". . . President George Q. Cannon has been arrested on a charge of polygamy and two charges of unlawful cohabitation. He was arrested in Nevada and on the way to Salt Lake City he fell from the rear platform of a car while the train was under way .... Quite a number of the brethren have been convicted in the Crusader's mill this week under the packed jury system and the 'Weather Cock' judge . . . ."
March 21, 1886
"Persecutions of the Saints continues by Federal officials. The president has removed E. H. Murray, Governor of Utah. President George Q. Cannon failed to appear in court on the 17th inst. and his bond of $2500 has been forfeited by Judge Zane . . . ."
September 26, 1886
"Judge C. S. Zane continues his unjust rulings and the imposing of unjust sentences of fine and imprisonment upon the aged and poor who are brought before him for violations of the Edmunds law . . . ." Jacob Hamblin died.
October 17, 1886
President Cleveland pardoned Ammon H. Tenney, Peter J. Christofferson, and C. I. Kemp.
November 20, 1886
Goes to Moab hoping to move there. Moab settlers are Mormons, Gentiles, and apostate Mormons. ". . .I am quite pleased with the appearance and outlook of this place . . . ."
December 26, 1887
Arrived home in Taylor, Apache County, Arizona, after an absence of three years and twenty days.
January 10, 1888
Receives a report that a truss supporting the ceiling and floor above the garden in the temple at Manti had given way. The roof also leaking.
March 11, 1888
The Deseret News reports Elizabeth Ann Brown Argyle committed to the penitentiary for refusing to testify to the Grand Jury against her husband for unlawful cohabitation.
June 2, 1888
"Myself and family quite destitute for clothing."
September 23, 1888
George Q. Cannon surrendered to the U. S. marshal on two charges of unlawful cohabition.
February 6, 1890
". . . President Smith [Jesse N.] informed us that the Supreme Court of the U. S. has affirmed the decision of the Idaho Courts in the matter of the test oath which prohibits any Latter-Day Saint the franchise either to vote or sit on a jury or hold any civil office or teach in the public school etc. The thing is a damnable outrage!"
folder 2: Standifird, John Henry
The second volume of Standifird's journal begins in 1889 and ends in 1923. Only a few of the entries have been noted since they relate much the same daily activities. Standifird moved to Moab where he spent his declining years with his wife Fannie, both were in failing health.
November 9, 1890
Heavy floods took out dam on Silver Creek again.
January 29, 1892
"Brought home a load of wood. While on the road I thought how long will the Lord require me to remain in indigent circumstances? We have been hard pressed for these many years and it is a serious matter with us to get the common necessaries of life."
February 14, 1892
"I am at a loss to know how to controll my family affairs as there is discord in my family, fault finding with the mothers and rebelliousness and disobedience with some of the children . . . ." Standifird is now sixty-two years old.
During the next years he lives in Taylor, working hard to earn a living for his family. He farms, runs a threshing machine, works for other farmers, takes the census but never is able to rise above his poverty.
June 1, 1904
Receives U. S. patent to his homestead of 160 acres.
April 3, 1907
Receives letter from D. K. Udall notifying him that the presidency of the church had granted him a mission to visit his people in Missouri.
May 23, 1907
Arrives in Kanses City, Missouri, and visits family.
July 26, 1907
Goes to Nauvoo. Here he visits the buildings still standing and the sites of those no longer standing. Describes Nauvoo.
August 15, 1907
Arrives at Holbook, Arizona, and to Taylor where he visits his wife Mary and family.
September 7, 1907
Arrives home in Alpine. Found his wife Fannie and family well.
October 9, 1907
Starts with Fannie on a journey to Utah.
October 26, 1907
Arrives at Moab to live.
April 1, 1908
Took the train to Salt Lake City where he performed temple rites.
folder 3: Hatch, Lorenzo Hill (1826-1910)
This journal is a bound typescript copied from the original journals by Ruth Savage Hilton. The diary covers the period between December 11, 1855 to December 10, 1906. Included in the front of the journal is a detailed table of contents and a complete name index. 290 pages.
folder 4: Tuba City
Miscellaneous material regarding Tuba City and its settlement and a twenty-page article, "Mormon Difficulties at Tuba City." The materials in this folder are copies by P. T. Reilly and E. M. Reilly. They include correspondence; a history of Tuba, Arizona; a list of settlers and their properties; and correspondence dealing with the final land and water settlement between the United States Indian Bureau and the settlers.
folder 5: Winslow
Two pamphlets dated December 5, 1951, and March 7, 1971, which are tributes to Winslow Ward, Snowflake Stake. Included in these are program outlines for the dedicatory services and brief histories of Winslow.
series: VIII. Eastern Arizona and Snowflake Stakes
box 10: Biographies, Diaries, Histories
folder 1: Petersen, Joseph Lorenzo
Biographical sketches of Niels Petersen and Mary Mortensen Petersen, by Joseph Lorenzo Petersen. Bound volume. 19 pages.
Niels Petersen, born in Denmark, always had a desire to live in America. In 1867 he landed in New York and learned that the railroad was being built across the continent. He got employment on the railroad and headed West. He crossed the country as far as Utah by May 1869 and was present at Promontory when the Golden Spike was driven. From Utah he went to Nevada, California, Oregon, and returned to northern Utah. It was while in northern Utah that he met and married Mary Mortensen. They lived for almost a year in Stockton, Utah, and then in Leamington, Utah.
In the fall of 1878 the call came from the leaders of the church to settle in Arizona. The Mortensens, Petersens, and Larsons left Circleville. On Christmas Eve 1878, they reached the place called Joseph City. From there they traveled to Snowflake where the Larson family stopped. The Mortensen and Petersen families went on to Show Low Creek, where they rested about two weeks and finally settled on Mortensen Wash.
The remainder of the biographical sketch relates their years in the Arizona settlements. Niels served as bishop, worked on the railroad, farmed, and raised horses and cattle on a commercial basis.
Niels died in July of 1902, leaving Mary with six children to raise. All of the children received their education at Snowflake Academy. In 1919 Mary moved to St. Joseph with two sons who had purchased a store. Mary went to Mesa in 1929 to work in the temple. She spent many years living in Mesa during the winter and in Joseph City during the summer. She died in 1936.
folder 2: Stowell, Brigham (1854-1943)
Sketch of the life of Brigham Stowell compiled for the Stowell reunion held April 23, 1966.
April 24, 1854
Brigham Stowell was born in Fillmore, Utah. His father worked on the State House for Utah Territory. Congress had appropriated $20,000 for the building.
The family moved back to Bingham's Fort (a few miles from Ogden). They suffered from the loss of crops from the grasshoppers.
Brigham's father was ordered to the mountains to meet the United States troops. His father was captured and held prisoner for "many long winter months."
The family consisting of the mother and seven children moved south to Provo.
The family returned to Ogden where Brigham grew to manhood.
Brigham Young called 150 men (some single) to go to Arizona. Brigham Stowell was twenty-one years of age. His partner was John Chambers.
In February Brigham left Ogden and started south. He describes the trip south. He arrived at the Little Colorado in May. Late in the summer nine wagons returned to Utah for supplies. Brigham Stowell was among those who returned.
In early spring they returned to Arizona. While camped at the river John D. Lee spent the night with them. After his second trip to Arizona, Brigham was released from his mission. He had a contract with the Union Pacific Railroad to furnish ties. He worked at this in Mountain Green.
He married Olive Bybee and lived in Ogden for ten years where he farmed.
Because the United States marshals were hunting polygamists, Brigham decided to sell his farm and move to Mexico where a flour mill had been built for them. The dust from the flour mill was unhealthy for Brigham so we was assigned to take care of the cows and dairy for the settlement of Juarez.
Brigham took another wife, Ellen Marie Skousen.
The beginning of trouble for colonists in Mexico; President Junius Romney put in prison.
Brigham describes in detail the exodus of the Mormons from Mexico (July). The United States government sent food to El Paso, Texas, where the Mormons were temporarily housed.
In the spring Brigham Stowell returned to Mexico but could salvage nothing. He was shot in the face by a Mexican.
Brigham began work on Senator A. B. Fall's ranch in New Mexico caring for the sheep.
Brigham had typhoid fever; the family moved to Thatcher, Arizona.
Brigham purchased the Heber Maxham place in Thatcher where they lived twenty-two years.
Rhoda Bybee Stowell died.
Olive Bybee Stowell died.
July 29, 1943
Brigham Stowell died at ninety years of age, an honored pioneer of the State of Arizona.
In August Ella Skousen Stowell died.
folder 3: Fish, Joseph (1854-1943)
Extracted entries covering many important events of Snowflake Stake and some information on the United Order in Parowan Stake. The John D. Lee trial is included.
folder 4: Fish, Joseph (1854-1943)
From the introduction, by Silas Leavitt Fish, it is learned the journal from which this typescript was made was copied by Joseph Fish into a large leather-bound record book of 480 pages. He copied the journal from the beginning "amplifying much of it." The book was filled in 1895 and a small record book of 202 pages served for his entries from 1896-1919. These two record books are contained in the typescript copy.
Joseph Fish's mother was baptized into the Mormon church.
The Fish family arrived at Joliet, Illinois.
Joseph's father was baptized.
The family moved to Nauvoo where his father worked on the temple.
Joseph was six years old when Joseph and Hyrum Smith were martyred.
The family crossed the river on May 23, and got as far as Farmington, where they stopped for the winter.
On May 8 the family left for the West. They arrived at Council Point on the Missouri River where they remained for three years.
On June 1 the Fish family left Council Point under Milo Andrus, the company captain. They arrived in Salt Lake City August 29. The Fish family settled in Parowan.
William Horne Dame was named president of Parowan Stake. The Reformation began in the fall. The Law of Consecration was being observed.
The Mountain Meadows Massacre occurred, and news of Johnston's Army reached Parowan. Fish and William Davenport started a school.
Saints from San Bernardino arrived. Many settled at Beaver. Thomas L. Kane passed through Parowan on his way to Salt Lake City. Joseph gathered salt from the lake near Parowan. Dancing was the principal amusement.
Joseph married Mary Campbell Steele.
Philo Dibble put on a show of paintings.
Joseph taught school.
President Young and company visited in southern Utah. He urged them to arm themselves and take measures to defend themselves against the Indians. Joseph taught school.
George A. Smith in Parowan and Panguitch. He cautioned against Indian raids. The company of militia passed in review for him. Panguitch was abandoned.
August 22, 1866
Joseph started with a company of men to explore the Colorado River south and east of Parowan for crossings.
September 7, 1866
The telegraph wire has connected all the main settlements of the territory.
May 8, 1867
President Young and company arrived at Parowan on his return to Salt Lake City. President Young said he would cut Amasa Lyman off from the Quorum of the Twelve. Indian depredations continue. Guards stationed regularly with the stock.
January 11, 1868
Organized to start a library. Seven hundred dollars was raised for the Emigrating Fund.
January 26, 1868
Dramatic Association still active, and they presented the play Pizarro.
April 25, 1868
Cavalry and brass band are preparing for Brigham Young's arrival.
May 23, 1868
Inspections of militia by Generals Snow and Pace.
July 25, 1868
Attended meetings in Salt Lake City. "A number of prominent men from the East were at the meeting, some of them members of Congress."
July 26, 1868
Married Eliza Jane Lewis. "My wife Mary was willing . . . but still took the matter a little hard."
August 7, 1868
A general muster of the Iron County Military District held at Harmony.
September 30, 1868
A mass meeting was held for the purpose of petitioning Congress to admit Utah into the Union as the State of Deseret.
November 6, 1868
Joseph W. Young met with a select group to organize a class of the School of the Prophets.
Navajo Indians commenced depredations in southern Utah.
April 7, 1870
President Brigham Young stopped at Parowan on his way north.
June 12, 1870
Amasa M. Lyman held a meeting and quite a number went to hear him. He has been cut off from the church. "He preaches a kind of infidel or universal doctrine that would save all mankind."
September 5, 1870
Brigham Young stopped at Parowan on his way to Kanab.
September 18, 1870
Brigham Young and company arrived. Said he intended to have a ranch and dairy at Pipe Spring.
December 5, 1870
Brigham Young and company stopped on this way to St. George for the winter. Much prospecting for gold and silver this fall.
September 28, 1871
Much excitement over the arrest of President Brigham Young for polygamy.
October 30, 1871
Brigham Young arrived. He "is out on bail."
June 1, 1872
Joseph W. Young called a meeting to organize the Republican party.
August 7, 1872
Joseph arrives in Salt Lake City on his way to visit relatives in Canada. He describes Salt Lake and compares it to Salt Lake of 1850. Was given the certificate of a missionary to preach to his kindred in the states and Canada. Took the train East and here he describes in detail his trip. Back in Salt Lake, he meets his wife Mary and buys some supplies for the co-op store before starting back to Parowan.
December 20, 1872
President Young and party arrive with Thomas L. Kane (traveling to better his poor health).
February 19, 1873
President Young and party return from the south.
December 12, 1873
President Young and party going south.
April 9, 1874
President Young and party going north.
April 10, 1874
Meeting called to organize the United Order for Parowan Stake. William H. Dame was elected president of the United Order, Jesse N. Smith vice president, and William Adams secretary.
April 12, 1874
United Order organized in Beaver.
June 14, 1874
Beaver is full of apostates.
July 9, 1874
H. B. Clawson passed through on railroad business.
November 16, 1874
John D. Lee arrested.
November 17, 1874
William H. Dame arrested on an indictment for the Mountain Meadows Massacre.
July 17, 1875
It is claimed John D. Lee has turned state's evidence.
July 23, 1875
Trial for John D. Lee began.
October 1, 1876
The famous Lee trial is finished. He was convicted and sentenced to be shot. William Nelson, U. S. marshal, said the authorities of the church were innocent of the Mountain Meadows Massacre.
March 1, 1877
Joseph's little company (United Order) paid a dividend of seven per cent after the company settlement.
March 23, 1877
John D. Lee was taken from Beaver to Mountain Meadows where he was executed.
April 18, 1877
Brigham Young was in Parowan to organize a stake, but the people were divided on the choice for president so the organization was postponed.
December 3, 1878
Started for Arizona.
January 1, 1879
Noted the ruins on the Colorado near Grand Falls.
January 15, 1879
Arrived at Snowflake and purchased land from Brother Flake.
June 28, 1879
The first quarterly conference of the stake was held. Jesse N. Smith is president.
July 25, 1879
Started back to Utah for the rest of his family.
November 12, 1879
Arrived back at Snowflake, business as usual.
October 15, 1880
"J. W. Young's trips are quite expensive and he spends about all the company makes trying to secure favor with the railroad officials."
May 26, 1882
Interview with Solomon Barth about political matters.
June 3, 1882
Indian depredations reported.
July 7, 1882
Admitted to the bar.
August 4, 1882
Started for St. Louis to purchase goods for the ACMI.
August 8, 1882
In St. Louis purchasing $12,000 worth of merchandise for the store.
September 24, 1882
In St. Johns for a political convention. Samuel H. Rogers, John W. Freeman, John Kartchner, and Solomon Barth were present.
September 30, 1882
ACMI paid a dividend of thirty-five per cent.
November 7, 1882
Went to Holbrook for the election.
August 6, 1883
Started for St. Louis to purchase goods. Bought about $15,000 worth.
April 1, 1884
Arrived in St. Louis where he again made purchases.
August 29, 1884
The anti-Mormons are making a "general move against the Mormons . . . for polygamy." Udall, Kempe, Christofferson, Tenney, Flake, Skousen, and Wilhelm indicted.
December 2, 1884
Total business for ACMI for the year was $85,000.
January 1, 1885-January 10, 1885
Avoiding U. S. marshals who are looking for him for polygamy charges.
January 31, 1885
Jesse N. Smith came to invite everyone in danger of being arrested to go to Mexico.
February 1, 1885
Anti-Mormon party becoming quite bitter.
February 5, 1885
With Jesse N. Smith started for Mexico on horseback in advance of the wagons and families. Waited at Nutrioso for them. The companies organized.
February 5, 1885-March 7, 1885
Covered the distance to the Mexican border. Settled their revenue tax and camped to wait for a land permit.
September 16, 1885
David K. Udall sent to prison in Detroit for perjury. Company still waiting on the border of Mexico. There are about twenty families.
February 25, 1886
Arrived back in Snowflake after being gone a year. Family in Snowflake in a destitute condition.
March 6, 1886
Started working in the store in Woodruff again.
August 10, 1886
David K. Udall, F. G. Nielsen, H. R. Burke, and John Bushman were appointed as a committee to settle up the Sunset United Order.
September 9, 1886
Quit working for ACMI.
Jesse N. Smith has returned after being in Washington trying to secure their lands.
April 8, 1890
"I had my father adopted to the Prophet Joseph Smith."
April 18, 1891
Took the train to Los Angeles to obtain a government freighting contract from Holbrook to Apache. He won the contract. In Los Angeles when President Harrison and party arrives.
July 11, 1893
Left for Mexico with his wife Julia, her three children, and his son Joseph C. and John L.
July 31, 1893
Arrived at LaMorita, but could not get through customs. They were told their papers would have to go to Mexico City to be signed.
August 6, 1893
Got a thirty day pass into Mexico by leaving one team and wagon.
September 18, 1893
Decided to return to the Gila River when Brother G. C. Williams did not start his business that Fish was planning to help with.
October 9, 1893
Bought a piece of land at Layton and began building a house.
December 31, 1893
"The year of 1893 has gone and with it many joys and disappointments .... I buried one of my children in a foreign land, have lived poorly and worked hard ... my trip to Mexico was hard on me .... I was not financially able to make such a trip for pleasure only."
June 10, 1894
Working on the store he and Zundel are building. In priesthood meeting the subject of financing the academy always comes up. People are tired of hearing about it.
September 1, 1894
Attended the Republican convention at Solomonville. Got up a fair ticket but cannot hope to elect many of them. Burt Dunlap for the Council, Joseph Fish and T. E. Williams for the House, Wight for sheriff, Frank Diphart for treasurer, Moorman for prosecuting attorney, Leon for recorder, George Cluff for probate judge, Logan for surveyor, and Hill and Hayes for supervisors.
November 6, 1894
Election day--Republicans won.
January 16, 1895
Started for Phoenix to attend the legislature.
February 7, 1895
"Lawmaking does not move very fast."
February 11, 1895
"The Woman's Suffrage Bill was up before the house today and occupied the afternoon .... It passed the house by a vote of 16 to 7, but was finally killed by a council."
March 21, 1895
"I have introduced some 5 or 6 bills, all of which I have got through. One in relation to schools; one in relation to highways; but my main work was the classification bill . . . ."
September 21, 1895
Started for Phoenix to attend the Irrigation Congress.
September 30, 1895
Zundel sold the store leaving Fish with no job and no income.
November, 1895-December, 1895
Working in the mill.
May 29, 1896
Jesse N. Smith wrote Fish his "views on the late manifesto and how Utah got to be a state."
June 17, 1896
Many in Snowflake are urging him to go back and work in ACMI. Fish is now fifty-six years old.
July 1, 1896
Sold his place in Thatcher and Layton.
July 17, 1896
Returned to Snowflake.
August 13, 1896
Went to work at Holbrook in the ACMI.
October 22, 1896
Plans to begin gathering notes and write a history of Arizona.
June 11, 1899
Subpoenaed for United States Grand Jury. While in Prescott he gathered stories for his history.
June 26, 1900
The family celebrates Joseph's birth. His wives Adelaide and Julia, eleven of his thirteen living children, and fifteen of his twenty-five grandchildren were present.
September 23, 1900
Sent to Heber J. Grant and got himself a Blickensderfir typewriter to begin copying his History of Arizona.
June 16, 1901
Requested Whitney to return his manuscript to his History of Arizona from Salt Lake City. Fish does not have the money to get it published.
September 15, 1902
Mailed his manuscript to Arthur H. Clark Company. The publisher thought it good but too long.
March 24, 1903
Revised manuscript and returned to Arthur H. Clark Company.
November 11, 1903
His wife Adelaide asked for a divorce.
March 13, 1905
Adelaide granted her separation from Joseph. She had not lived with him for "a long period of time."
August 14, 1905
Arrested for unlawful cohabitation. Others arrested were Henry M. Tanner, Levi M. Savage, C. P. Anderson, and James W. LeSueur. They were let out on bond.
December 8, 1905
Polygamy cases came up and they were each fined $100.
April 1, 1910
Left the store and took the U. S. census for 1910.
There are no entries until 1916. Fish summarizes the six intervening years, "I got the Post Office .... I built a small room for the Post Office. I soon got several others offices crowded upon me such as the School Trustee, Clerk of the Irrigation Company of Woodruff, Justice of the Peace . . . and several things in this line such as High Counselor, and teacher in the ward." These were lean years for Fish.
February 1, 1916
Begins to sell his property. Gave up the post office.
April 12, 1916
Left for Utah with his wife Julia and her children, three wagons, and seven horses.
May 12, 1916
In Salt Lake City visiting friends and trying to get his history published. Andrew Jenson suggested that he revise the history to include only the Mormon settlements in Arizona and then perhaps the church would publish it.
July 6, 1916
After much looking, purchases a place in Beaver. His wife Eliza joins him again.
March 1, 1917
Moves to Enterprise. He is seventy-seven years old.
June 9, 1918
The ward in Enterprise was expected to buy $9,200 in war savings stamps. This is about $77.00 for each family.
October 18, 1918
At a meeting a few of the brethren talk about trying to control the influenza epidemic. All public gatherings were cancelled.
December 10, 1918
Elected justice of the peace of Enterprise.
January 13, 1919
The first meeting in three months was held. All other meetings had been cancelled due to the flu.
March 3, 1919
Received his pension papers for serving with Captain Andrews Company. He would receive $420.00 to December 4 and $20.00 per month from that time forward.
March 14, 1919
Four deaths from influenza--no meetings and no school.
March 29, 1919
Nine deaths from the flu epidemic.
April 20, 1919
Meeting held. The flu seems to be abating.
June 27, 1919
Joseph's seventy-ninth birthday.
January 22, 1920
Spends his time rewriting and revising his history.
October 22, 1920
Mr. Rich, a Republican, talked against the League of Nations and extravagance of the Democratic party.
October 24, 1920
"Grant Ivins read the League of Nations Covenant and commented on it from a Democratic point of view."
November 4, 1920
Utah went Republican at the election.
From this date to September 10, 1926, Joseph Fish's entries concern his church work, his family, his histories, and the house and lot in Enterprise he calls home. He died December 10, 1926, at eighty-six years of age.
folder 5: Fish, Joseph (1854-1943)
When the Eastern Arizona Stake of Zion was organized June 28 and 29, 1879, Joseph Fish was chosen stake recorder. This position he held for about fourteen years. Besides keeping the stake records and taking minutes of stake functions, he began in a separate book, a history of the organization and growth of the wards and the stake as a whole. Joseph Fish wrote this history as the events occurred, therefore, there is not a consecutive history of each ward in any one section of the book. He wrote of the founding of the various wards, the stake organization, and political conditions up to 1883 or 1884. He then summarized the conditions of the stake in 1884, 1886, and 1887 (as explained by typist Melvin S. Fish).
The histories cover the following organized wards of the Eastern Arizona Stake: Woodruff, Snowflake, Tayior, Showlow, St. Johns, Erastus (Concho), Ramah (Navajo or Savoia), Meadows, Omer (Eagar), Amity, Nutrioso, Alpine (Bush Valley), Luna (Heber, New Mexico), and Pleasanton, New Mexico.
Included in the volume is a ten-page history of the Snowflake Stake.
folder 6: Tanner, George S.
Historical notes made by George S. Tanner on the Eastern Arizona Stake and the establishment of the Snowflake Stake.
folder 7: Tenney, Jocie B., and Nola Ellsworth
"Diamond Jubilee Gems--Snowflake Stake of Zion," compiled by Jocie B. Tenney, et al. 1 bound volume, n.p.
This volume was compiled from stories collected from the wards of Snowflake Stake of Zion and covers the period 1887-1962. The stories are those handed down orally and taken from diaries. They relate incidents in the lives of the settlers.
series: IX. Little Colorado River Stake
box 11: Histories
folder 1: Deseret News
Articles from the Deseret News, 1876-1878. One bound volume.
The items in this volume are xerox copies of typescripts of news articles appearing in the Deseret News between 1876 and 1878, concerning the Mormon settlement of northeastern Arizona. The original transcript is in the library of Arizona State University.
The articles, mostly letters, record the development of the Mormon communities in the vicinity of the Little Colorado River region of Arizona. The letters were either written directly to the editor of the Deseret News or to others in Salt Lake City who permitted all or portions of the text to be printed. Also included are news reports, announcements of conferences, and some journal extracts. Many of the letters were written by major individuals in the Arizona settlement including Lot Smith, Jesse O. Ballinger, George Lake, and Joseph W. McMurrin.
Another portion in the volume is a two-part account of the Little Colorado River Stake and its history, written by J. H. Richards, one of the original settlers, for Mormon church historian Andrew Jenson. This account was written in 1911.
folder 2: Minutes of the Little Colorado Stake (1876-1887)
A microfilm copy of the original minute book (held at the University of Arizona in Tucson), a copy flow of the microfilm, and a typescript copy by Gaorge S. Tanner are in this collection.
The first portion of the minute book is a brief summary of the Little Colorado Mission from 1876 to 1882. The minutes actually cover the period January 27, 1878 to February 27, 1887.
At the end of the minutes are additional ones kept by the stake clerk which were sent to the church historian in Salt Lake City. This set of minutes covers the same period and contains much of the same information. However, they are briefer and some material is included here that is not found in the minute book.
folder 3: Minutes of the Little Colorado Stake (1876-1887)
Copy flow of the microfilm of the original minute book.
folder 4: Miscellaneous
Map of the Little Colorado River Missions. Population statistic sheet of the Little Colorado Stake. History notes, 1876-1887. 12 pages. No indication of the source.
series: X. Little Colorado River Settlements (General)
box 12: Correspondence, Diaries, Genealogical Records, Histories
folder 1: Ballenger, Jesse O.
To his brother and sister, September 3, 1859, from Green River. En route to Great Salt Lake in a large company consisting of four wagons and three hundred souls. He hopes they will lay down their prejudices and search for the truth. The wagon train is within 365 miles of their destination.
To Brigham Young, June 2, 1876, from Sunset Crossing, Arizona. Describes the problems of building the dam. Hopes they can get water to the crops yet this summer. They are not living the United Order and are waiting for D. H. Wells and Brigham Young, Jr., to come and organize them in the "Order of Heaven." Building corrals and a stockade. Many of the brethren who want to return to Utah to settle up their business affairs will not return to Arizona.
To Brigham Young, July 13, 1876, from Sunset Crossing, Arizona. Dam and ditch are nearly completed and fifty acres of ground are plowed and ready to plant corn. They need a good blacksmith and tools. Again asks for counsel and encouragement from Brigham Young.
To Brigham Young, September 7, 1876, from the Little Colorado. Another report of progress in the settlements. Have moved into the fort. Decided corn will be a good crop in the area. Other crops planted are wheat, corn, squashes, melons, and tomatoes.
To President John Taylor, December 24, 1877, from Sunset Crossing, Arizona. Two hundred souls in camp now, all enjoying good health and plenty of work. Building a dining room. Asks for counsel about all eating together. They have forty acres of fall wheat planted. Fine climate, no snow, and little frost.
folder 2: Brookbank, Thomas W.
To Thomas W. Brookbank from John A. Widtsoe, James E. Talmage, Ezra Taft Benson, and William A. Morton. Four letters written in the 1920s congratulating Brookbank on his writings.
folder 3: Brown, James S.
To James S. Brown from his father Daniel Brown, 1854 and 1866.
folder 4: Haight, Horton D.
To and from Horton D. Haight and Brigham Young, 1873, describing the Arizona country.
folder 5: Lyman, Francis M.
To the editor of the Deseret News, October 8, 1880, giving instructions to people who plan to go to Arizona Territory.
folder 6: Miller, Jacob
To Anthon H. Lund, February 1901, defending the accomplishments of the missionaries to the Little Colorado in Arizona.
folder 7: Roundy, Lorenzo W.
To Brigham Young, March 7, 1873, describing the country of the Little Colorado in Arizona.
folder 8: Young, Brigham
To John R. Murdock, January 17, 1877, asking that John Hunt be sent to Arizona.
To Albert Carrington, February 5, 1876, describing the method of selection of the missionaries for the Little Colorado.
folder 9: Young, Jr., Brigham
To John W. Young, May 20, 1886, from St. Joseph, Arizona, telling of his mission there, having been called by President John Taylor.
folder 10: Nuttall, John L.
Extracts dating from 1876-1904, dealing mainly with church finances. 6 pages.
folder 11: Solomon, William Henry
Two different typescripts of the original Solomon diary exist. One was done by Mary Lou Warner DeWitt and one by Elizabeth Shumway. The DeWitt edition begins May 2, 1873, and ends August 31, 1874, supplementing the Shumway edition which begins June 16, 1873, and ends August 22, 1874. Both show different interpretations of the diary entries.
Mrs. P. T. Reilly has typed an addendum to the typescript of the Shumway version including the diary entries that begin May 2, 1873-June 16, 1873, and adding entries at the end from August 22, 1874-August 31, 1874.
The diary begins with an introductory statement by Solomon about his mission call in April, 1873; his partnership with his brothers in a shoe and boat business; and his preparations for the trip to Arizona.
The diary entries begin May 2, 1873, and record the hardships of the journey by ox team. May 24 he crossed the Colorado River and May 25 all teams and wagons were across. By June 3, they had traveled to the Oraibi farm and villages where they would await further instructions from Brigham Young. Solomon writes:
June 3, 1873
"There is only a few acres that can be cultivated so there is no prospect of settling here. The Moquis and Navajo Indians look far superior to any others that I have seen."
June 4, 1873
"About half the teams which have been down to the Little Colorado have returned, their report is that it is impossible to get a country from here in which we could settle without coming back again, there being no food nor water . . . ."
June 5, 1873
Solomon describes the petrified trees lying about ". . .as though it was once an immense forest. But now is a dry, barren, rocky and sandy desert."
June 9, 1873
Some members of the company visited the Oraibi villages.
June 12, 1873
"Four Oraibi Indians came into camp today. Also Jacob Hamblin and Curtis E. Bolton."
June 15, 1873
"No messengers [from Brigham Young] returned yet .... A meeting was held this evening . . . good spirit prevailed and all, I believe, felt anxious to fill the mission honorably, though our way seemed to be edged up, and none of us can see our way .... The Indians have several villages and some deserted villages along the Little Colorado, thus showing they cannot live on it."
June 17, 1873
Orders arrived for missionaries to locate at Kanab, Johnson, or Pahreah [sic].
June 19, 1873
Solomon is back in Kanab and states, "I have no desire to again cross the Colorado."
July 24, 1873
Celebration in Kanab commemorating the arrival of the pioneers into Salt Lake Valley. Message from Brigham Young received instructing the missionaries "to hold themselves in readiness to still proceed on their mission after October conference when he would come along himself."
During the ensuing months until February 6, 1874, Solomon lived in Kanab trying to make a living making adobes, making and repairing shoes and harnesses, and any kind of work to support himself.
February 6, 1874
Started for MoenKopi with John L. Blythe who had been appointed president and acting bishop of the Arizona Mission.
March 14, 1874
The Indians demanded of the Mormons, through Jacob Hamblin, two hundred head of horses and two hundred head of cattle as restitution for the Indians killed at Circle Valley.
March 18, 1874
Helped John D. Lee put rails on the boat for the crossing.
March 30, 1874
Tuba allotted them about twelve acres of land to farm near the Oraibi village. Work began on the farm allotted by Tuba; but the Indians still sullen and demanding horses and cows. Ira Hatch, John L. Blythe, and Jacob Hamblin meeting to work out an agreement. A message was sent to Brigham Young regarding Indian troubles.
April 30, 1874
A petition was signed and sent to the Indian agency, Fort Defiance, seeking advice on the Indian troubles.
May 1, 1874
Message from Brigham Young stating that he would pay the Indians none of their demands, and that the missionaries were to return until the Indians learned who their friends were.
May 5, 1874
"Started out, two ox teams taking the lead .... Tuba and his squaw ... to come with us."
May 21, 1874
Arrived at Kanab. Solomon is happy to unite with the Kanab family (United Order).
Solomon volunteered to fill a mission in Arizona and settled in Taylor, later becoming high priest of the Snowflake Stake of Zion.
folder 12: Whipple, Willard
Extracts, 1879. These entries relate a trip from Arizona to Utah to work in the temple. 3 pages.
folder 13: General
This folder contains genealogy sheets with brief biographical information on the following men: John Law Blythe, Thomas Walter Brookbank, John Porter and Mary Ann Bryant Porter, James Parkinson, Samuel Shepherd, Moses Beckett Steele, Jewell Tanner Woodward.
folder 14: Perkins, Jesse Nelson
A publication, Hi-Light, regarding the Jesse Nelson Perkins, Sr., Family Organization. Included in this bound volume is volume 1, numbers 1-4 and volume 2, number 1. A table of contents is included in every issue of the publication.
folder 15: Miscellaneous Notes (Excerpts)
1. Reminiscences of the Pleasant Valley War: The Hackknife group; cattle rustling; and horse stealing. 5 pages.
2. "A United Order in Arizona." 6 pages.
3. "Mormon Settlements in Navajo Country." 6 pages.
4. "Settlement of the Little Colorado Country," by Samuel
6. Ladd. 6 pages.
5. Minutes of Springville Ward Meeting, January 30, 1876. 2 pages.
6. "Stories of Pioneers," by Delbert and Alice Hansen.
folder 16: Porter, Kenneth E.
"Little Colorado River Settlements," a master's thesis by Kenneth E. Porter. This thesis was completed at Arizona State University at Tempe, Arizona, in 1965.
In the preface, Mr. Porter states that the thesis covers the first four settlements established by the Mormon church: Brigham City, Joseph City, Obed, and Sunset. This mission to northern Arizona was under the direction of Lot Smith, George Lake, William C. Allen, and Jesse O. Ballenger.
Included in the thesis are the following headings: Early Explorations of the Area; Making the Settlements; Life in the Settlements; Decline of Obed, Brigham City, and Sunset; and Survival of Joseph City. There are also a bibliography, appendix, maps, and diagrams of the settlements.
series: XI. Little Colorado River Settlements (History)
box 13: Histories
volume 1: Porter, Rulon E.
The Little Colorado River Valley: Its Description, Its History, Its Settlement by the Mormons. 116 pages.
Xerox copies of histories of the Little Colorado River settlements written by Rulon E. Porter. Basically the same information is covered in all four volumes. Each succeeding book appears to be a revised or edited copy of the preceeding one.
volume 2: Porter, Rulon E.
History of the Little Colorado River Valley: "This is My Own, My Native Land." 380 pages.
This history is partially autobiographical and includes some Porter and Leavitt family history. It includes a name list of pioneers and visitors of the Little Colorado Mission and Stake; minutes of the quarterly conference meetings held in the Little Colorado Stake of Zion from 1878-1887; minutes of meetings of St. Joseph United Order, 1877-1887; and the minute book for the William C. Allen Company, 1876-1877.
volume 3: Porter, Rulon E.
Mormon Settlement of the Little Colorado River Valley. 239 pages.
This is a complete history of the Little Colorado River Valley beginning with Spanish exploration and containing a history of the Mormon church up to the time of the Arizona Mission.
volume 4: Porter, Rulon E.
History of Mormon Settlements, Little Colorado River Valley. 167 pages.
This history appears to be the most complete of all four books. Minutes of stake conferences have been left out and extracted diary entries of several people have been added at the end.
series: XII. Indians
box 14: Biographies, Correspondence, Diaries, Histories
folder 1: Brown, James S.
Miscellaneous biographical material relating to James S. Brown and his involvement in the Mormon settlement of Arizona.
folder 2: Hamblin, Jacob
To the Department of Interior, Indian Affairs, February 23, 1871. Refers to a letter from Colonel John W. Powell requesting that Jacob Hamblin be appointed as special agent for the Indians.
To Brigham Young, May 18, 1863. Tells of his trip to the Moquis.
To Brigham Young, February 11, 1871. Suggests MoenKopi as the best place for a settlement.
To Brigham Young, March 19, 1873. Gives attitudes of Oraibis and Moquis toward Mormons.
To W. F. M. Arny, Navajo agent. Several letters between Hamblin and Arny.
To W. F. M. Arny, March 7, 1874. Relates to the killing of three Navajos by White men. Arny wants the settlement mae at and by the agency.
To superintendent of Indian affairs from Arny, March 28, 1874. Tells of the incident of the killing of the Navajos.
To the Indian agency, April 20, 1874. An appeal from members of the Indian Mission headed by Jacob Hamblin for consideration.
To the chiefs of the Navajo Nation from a committee headed by Jacob Hamblin, May 3, 1874. In answer to the demand for four hundred head of cattle in payment for killing of three Navajos (not by Mormons).
To Colonel J. Irvin Gregg from W. F. M. Arny, agent of the Navajo Indians, Commanding District of New Mexico, June 3, 1874. Asks for a company of troops to accompany him for a meeting between Gentiles, Mormons, and Indians over the killing of three Navajos.
folder 3: Hatch, Ira
To President John Taylor, March 15, 1886. Gives suggestions for improving the Indian Mission "as it seems that the Indian Mission is almost forgotten."
folder 4: Christensen, Christian Lingo
A bound typescript of Christensen's diary. Entries begin in 1883 and end in 1887. A table of contents and a name index accompany the diary. 160 pages.
Christian Lingo Christensen called to go to Arizona to help establish the United Order and work among the Indians.
The company arrivs in February at Ballenger's camp with serventy-five pounds of flour and four pounds of fruit.
Christensen called to serve as Indian missionary at MoenKopi.
After years of working among the Indians, Christensen moved to Muddy Creek in Castle Valley. He lived there for several years.
Christensen called back to Arizona to help the Indians during an epidemic of smallpox. He devoted many years to the cause of the Indians.
folder 5: Hamblin, Jacob
Journals and letters from 1819-1886. This volume is a bound typescript consisting of an autobiography from his birth to 1854, at which time he was assigned to go on a mission to preach to the Lamanites. The diary, 1854-1857, was written while he was at Santa Clara, Cedar City, and Harmony. Also included are a letter of instruction from Brigham Young to Jacob Hamblin, one from George A. Smith to Erastus Snow describing the Indian Mission, and separate diary entries for 1863 on the Moqui Indians. 73 pages. In his diary Hamblin writes:
"We arrived in Harmony the first of May and commenced preparing a place to plant seeds..."
May 27, 1854
The First Presidency--Brigham Young, Heber C. Kimball, Parley P. Pratt, and Ezra T. Benson--and about thirty others met. Brigham Young organized the colony into a branch with John D. Lee president. Some were organized to travel as missionaries to the Indians.
During this time Hamblin, Haskell, Allen, and the rest of the missionaries spent their time visiting the Indian tribes in southern Utah.
The second part of the diary begins August 17, 1871
Hamblin was sent to explore the Dirty Devil River.
Only notes on supplies.
Started for Fort Defiance with a company to form a settlement in Arizona. Began visiting the Indian settlements in MoenKopi and surrounding areas.
Records temple work done.
Exploring the Dirty Devil River area again.
folder 6: Hinckley, Azra E.
Bound volume, covers the period between 1882-1884. Set apart October 9, 1882, for a mission to the Indians: Mojaves, Pimas, Maricopas, Moquis, and Wallapis. Hinckley visited chiefs of all the tribes in the Arizona Territory, and established friendly relationships with them. 29 pages.
folder 7: Merrill, Horatio
Diary extracts, 1869. Gives a good description of Oraibi village. Merrill was on one of the early exploration missions. Very brief. 3 pages.
folder 8-9: Christensen, Christian L.
Articles from the Times-Independent, Moab, Utah, written by Christian L. Christensen between 1875-1936. These articles cover some of his experiences with the Navajos, Hopis, Apaches, Zunis, and Utes.
folder 10: Deseret News
Xerox copies of miscellaneous articles published in the Deseret News between 1867-1875, related to the Arizona Indian missions at Muddy River and southern Utah.
folder 11: Flake, David Kay
"Early Mormon Missionary Work with the Indians of Northern Arizona," a senior seminar paper by David Kay Flake, 1964. 35 pages.
series: XIII. Miscellany
box 14: (Continued)
folder 12: Johnson, Warren M.
To Erastus Snow, January 28, 1880. Acknowledges his assignment by Snow to take charge of Lee's Ferry purchased from Mrs. John D. Lee.
To L. John Nuttall, May 12, 1880. Concerns charges recommended by church council.
To John Taylor, July 1, 1880. Encloses a statement of the business conducted on the ferry.
To Wilford Woodruff, December 24, 1880. Statement of business conducted on the ferry.
To John Taylor, January 10, 1880. Sends a statement.
The new boat is now in use.
To John Taylor, April 15, 1881. High water and poor accommodations. Railroad surveyors at Lee's Ferry.
To John Taylor, December 21, 1881. Defends his (Johnson's) decisions and actions.
To John Taylor, April 3, 1882. Encloses the business report and requests time off for a mission to the Eastern States.
To John Taylor, May 9, 1883. Encloses a statement of business.
To John Taylor, March 8, 1884. River high.
To John Taylor, April 3, 1884. Report of business on the ferry. New road paid for and funds for further improvements.
To John Taylor, May 1, 1884. Requests time off when necessary.
To John L. Nuttall, June 2, 1884. Considerable flour on hand at the ferry for Taylor to issue orders on.
To L. John Nuttall, June 14, 1884. Water higher than in nine years.
To L. John Nuttall, July 7, 1884. Acknowledges statement of Johnson's account and the order of flour for C.L. Christensen.
To John Taylor, July 30, 1884. St. Johns missionaries complain about charges for ferrying.
To Wilford Woodruff, July 19, 1891. Reports the loss of four children with diphtheria.
folder 13: Reilly, P.T.
To Yndia S. Moore, October 19, 1964, from Hollywood, California, telling of possible destruction of buildings at Lee's Ferry. Answer to letter attached.
To John Wesley Williamson, November 9, 1964, from Hollywood, California.
folder 14: Lee's Ferry
"Changing Name of Lee's Ferry Bridge," Coconino Sun, November 30, 1928.
"Sketch of Lee's Ferry," written for George S. Tanner by P. T. Railly (May, 1968).
Lee's Ferry, Glen Canyon National Recreation Area, historical text based on materials compiled for the National Park Service, United States Department of the Interior by Dr. C. Gregory Crampton and W. L. Rusho (September, 1965).
folder 15: Livestock
"Riding for the Old C. O. Bar," a paper written by Earle R. Forrest and read at the Fourth Annual Historical Convention sponsored by the University of Arizona and Arizona Pioneers' Historical Society, Tucson, March 15-16, 1963.
"Trouble with the Hashknife Cattle Company," no author, no date.
folder 16: Kilmartin, J. O.
To P. T. Reilly from J. O. Kilmartin, United States Department of the Interior, April 15, 1969, replying to a letter in which Reilly questions the spelling of "Pierce" on the maps. The ferry was named for Harrison Peace.
Kimball, David P.
To the Deseret News, March 4, 1880.
To John Taylor, December 10, 1882, giving his age as sixty-four and describing his financial problems. He wants to be released from care of the ferry.
Stevens, J. E.
To the Deseret News, March 23, 1881, describing the ferry and surrounding area.
To and from George S. Tanner and Slyvia Philagios, May 1971, concerning the Pearce family and Pearce's Ferry.
folder 17: Young, John R.
To Brigham Young, March 1875. Three letters describing the Kanab United Order.
series: XIV. George S. Tanner--Correspondence
box 15: Correspondence
Correspondence between George S. Tanner and the descendants of missionaries and church leaders of the Arizona settlements soliciting diaries, correspondence, and other related materials. The acquisition of most of this collection was a result of this correspondence.
folder 1: Albrecht, Sterling J.
folder 2: Ballard, Verna A.
folder 3: Bushman, Martin D., et al.
folder 4: Collinwood, Sarah P.
folder 5: Fish, Silas L.
folder 6: Flake, David K.
folder 7: Flake, S. Eugene
folder 8: Fullmer, Marjorie
folder 9: Gardner, Afton
folder 10: Hunsaker, Emma
folder 11: Lewis, Verna B.
folder 12: Luke, Emma S.
folder 13: McCallister, Daniel H.
folder 14: McCallister, Seymour Y.
folder 15: McLaws, John
folder 16: Morris, J. Richard
folder 17: Nielson, F. Ellis
folder 18: Petersen, Lauritz G.
folder 19: Peterson, Charles S.
folder 20: Peterson, Joseph L.
folder 21: Peterson, Lydia
folder 22: Philagios, Sylvia Pearce
folder 23: Porter, Kenneth W.
folder 24: Randall, Harvey
folder 25: Reilly, P.T.
folder 26: Rowe, Lucile B.
folder 27: Shelley Family
folder 28: Shumway, Elizabeth
folder 29: Smith, Oliver R.
folder 30: Stewart, Elizabeth S.
folder 31: Tanner, Faun M.
folder 32: Tanner, George S.
folder 33: Terry, Eva A.
folder 34: Trottier, Robert O.
folder 35: Udall Family
folder 36: Westover, John L.
folder 37: Williams, J. Stewart
folder 38: Zobell, James B.
Biographical Note/Historical Note +/-
George S. Tanner began collecting materials on the early Arizona settlements in 1964. His first major project was the collection of the diaries of John Bushman. These diaries had been the source for John Bushman's Journal, which Bushman finished in 1918. Upon completion of the Journal, the diaries were scattered among family members in Utah, Arizona, and California. George S. Tanner began the task of gathering these diaries (more than forty in number) which he typed and bound into two large volumes. This was the beginning of a long and fruitful search for diaries, journals, correspondence, and other items relating to the history of the Mormon settlements in Arizona. George S. Tanner's interest in this subject was a personal one. He was born and raised in Joseph City, Arizona, where his parents were early Mormon pioneers--Henry Martin and Eliza Ellen Parkinson Tanner joined the settlement of Joseph City in May 1878 and spent their lives there. In 1964 George S. Tanner wrote a short biography of his father, Henry Martin Tanner, and since his father did not keep a diary or journal, it was necessary for him to gather information concerning his family from other diaries and sources. This added impetus to his collecting. Other writings to Mr. Tanner's credit are a biography of his grandfather, John Tanner, and a history of Joseph City. The latter is a complete study of the settlement and incorporates the wealth of information he has gathered.
Content Description +/-
The Mormon settlements in Arizona collection (1857-1986) is a collection of primary sources relating to the Mormon colonization efforts along the Little Colorado River and the surrounding area. Included in the collection are diaries, journals, autobiographies, biographies, correspondence, and histories covering the earliest settlements of 1876 (Brigham City, Joseph City, Obed, and Sunset) to present-day communities. There are brief accounts of early Indian (1867-1873) and exploratory missions to Arizona. With the exception of four original account books from Joseph City, 1880-1907, the collection is made up of xerox copies of originals and typescripts. Several of the typescripts have been done by George Tanner painstakingly transcribed from faded copies and faint microfilms. A copy of "The Minutes of the Little Colorado River Stake, 1878-1887," gives a detailed account of the quarterly conferences of the Little Colorado River Mission where the problems of the United Order, dams, crops, etc., were aired. Also, there are the minutes of a special committee appointed in August of 1886 to review and disburse the property of the Sunset United Order after the Order was abandoned. This committee functioned for two years in an attempt to settle all accounts equitably. The materials have been organized by settlement with the categories (autobiography, biography, diary, etc.) arranged alphabetically and then chronologically within each category.
Collection Use +/-
Restrictions on Access:
Twenty-four hours advance notice encouraged. Access to parts of this collection may be restricted under provisions of state or federal law.
Administrative Information +/-
Processed by Della L. Dye and Kathryn Conrad in 1973.
Tanner, George S.
10 linear feet
Language of the Finding Aid:
Author of the Finding Aid:
Della L. Dye and Kathryn Conrad
EAD Creation Date:
Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints. Little Colorado Stake-- History--Sources
Form or Genre Terms:
Little Colorado River (N.M. and Ariz.)