Complex Systems and Archaeology
Empirical and Theoretical Applications
Edited by R. Alexander Bentley and Herbert D. G. Maschner
Foundations of Archaeological Inquiry
James M. Skibo, series editor
Anthropology / Archaeology
Complexity science transects many fields ranging from physics to economics to biology. Its focus is the study of systems of interacting factors, which has lately been extended to include behavior in human societies. In prehistoric societies, whether these agents are defined at the scale of individuals, groups, households, or villages all agents are connected in such a way that change in the actions of one affects many others.
Complex Systems and Archaeology presents a useful introduction to complexity theory followed by a series of case studies in which human societies and environments are viewed as open systems into and out of which matter or energy can flow. Examples of such systems include the introduction of new crops, the creation of new artifacts, or the flux of products in a market.
This volume will have important implications for how archaeologists understand the dynamics of culture change and how they think about chronological stages, unique events, and the role of human agents.
R. Alexander Bentley is a postdoctoral fellow and lecturer at the Centre for Evolutionary Analysis of Cultural Behavior at University College and a reader in the Department of Anthropology at Durham University.
Herbert D.G. Maschner is an anthropology research professor at Idaho State University, senior scientist and affiliate faculty at the Idaho Accelerator Center, and director of the Idaho State University Center for Archaeology, Materials, and Applied Spectroscopy.
Alexander Bentley, University College, London; John Bintliff, Leiden University, The Netherlands; Peter Bogucki, Princeton University; Christopher Bronk Ramsey, Oxford University; Robert Layton, University of Durham; Herbert D. G. Maschner, Idaho State University; James McGlade, University College, London
Table of Contents:
Preface: Considering Complexity Theory in Archaeology ~ R. Alexander Bentley and Herbert D. G. Maschner
1. An Introduction to Complex Systems ~ R. Alexander Bentley
Part I: Scale-Free Networks
2. Scale-Free Network Growth and Social Inequality ~ R. Alexander Bentley
3. The Power Law of Rank and Household on the North Pacific ~ Herbert D. G. Maschner adn R. Alexander Bentley
4. Avalanches of Ideas ~ R. Alexander Bentley and Herbert D. G. Maschner
Part II. Punctuated Change and Agency
5. Searching for Structure in the Past—or Was It "One Damn Thing After Another"? ~ John Bintliff
6. Punctuated Dynamic Equilibria: A Model for Chronological Analysis ~ Christopher Bronk Ramsey
7. The Neolithic Settlement of Riverine Interior Europe as a Complex Adaptive System ~ Peter Bogucki
8. Agency, Structuration, and Complexity ~ Robert Layton
9. The Map Is Not the Territory: Complexity, Complication, and Representation ~ James McGlade
Praise and Reviews:
"A significant pioneer effort."
—John H. Bodley, Washington State University