Three-dimensional regularized focusing inversion of gravity gradient tensor component data
We develop a new method for interpretation of tensor gravity field component data, based on regularized focusing inversion. The focusing inversion makes its possible to reconstruct a sharper image of the geological target than conventional maximum smoothness inversion. This new technique can be efficiently applied for the interpretation of gravity gradiometer data, which are sensitive to local density anomalies. The numerical modeling and inversion results show that the resolution of the gravity method can be improved significantly if we use tensor gravity data for interpretation. We also apply our method for inversion of the gradient gravity data collected by BHP Billiton over the Cannington Ag-Pb-Zn orebody in Queensland, Australia. The comparison with the drilling results demonstrates a remarkable correlation between the density anomaly reconstructed by the gravity gradient data and the true structure of the orebody. This result indicates that the emerging new geophysical technology of the airborne gravity gradient observations can improve significantly the practical effectiveness of the gravity method in mineral exploration.