Resnick, Daniel K.; Choudhri, Tanvir F.; Groff, Michael W.; Khoo, Larry; Matz, Paul G.; Mummaneni, Praveen; Watters III, William C.; Wang, Jeffrey; Walters, Beverly C.; Hadley, Mark N.
Guidelines for the performance of fusion procedures for degenerative disease of the lumbar spine. Part 7: intractable low-back pain without stenosis or spondylolisthesis
Standards. Lumbar fusion is recommended as a treatment for carefully selected patients with disabling lowback pain due to one- or two-level degenerative disease without stenosis or spondylolisthesis. Guidelines. There is insufficient evidence available to support a treatment guideline. Options. An intensive course of physical therapy and cognitive therapy is recommended as a treatment option for patients with low-back pain in whom conventional medical management has failed.
American Association of Neurological Surgeons (AANS)
Fusion; Lumbar spine; Degenerative disease; Low back pain;
Lumbar vertebrae -- Surgery;
Resnick, D. K., Choudhri, T. F., Dailey, A. T., Groff, M. W., Khoo, L., Matz, P. G., Mummaneni, P., Watters III, W. C., Wang, J., Walters, B. C., & Hadley, M. N. (2005). Guidelines for the performance of fusion procedures for degenerative disease of the lumbar spine. Part 7: intractable low-back pain without stenosis or spondylolisthesis. Journal of Neurosurgery: Spine, 2(6), 670-2.