Smith, Stacy R.; Daynes, Todd; Hinckley, Michael; Wallin, Trevin R.
Effect of lens edge design versus anterior capsule overlap on posterior capsule opacification
PURPOSE: To determine whether lens edge design or anterior capsule overlap on the intraocular lens (IOL) has greater effect on posterior capsule opacification (PCO). DESIGN: Retrospective cohort clinical study. METHODS: Retrospective. SETTING: Academic clinical practice. PATIENT POPULATION: The patient population consisted of 259 uncomplicated surgical patients (259 eyes) with no confounding comorbidity and at least 1 year of follow-up after surgical placement of a silicone or hydrophobic acrylic lens. OBSERVATION PROCEDURES: Digital retroilluminated photographs were taken to ascertain PCO, anterior capsular opacification (ACO), previous neodymium:YAG capsulotomy and degree of anterior capsule overlap on the IOL optic. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: PCO, ACO, YAG capsulotomy rate, and anterior capsule overlap on the IOL optic. RESULTS: One hundred forty-eight digital images (74 silicone and 74 acrylic) were measurable for both anterior capsule overlap and PCO. Complete 360 degrees of anterior capsule overlap on the IOL was associated with decreased PCO (P = <.001). A significant negative correlation was found between the degree of anterior capsule overlap and PCO (P = <.001). Evaluation of PCO, and YAG capsulotomy rates were similar between acrylic and silicone lenses. Minimal anterior capsule overlap may also be associated with PCO prevention. CONCLUSIONS: Implanting a lens with complete anterior capsule overlap on the IOL was found to significantly reduce PCO, which advantage appeared to be greater than PCO prevention by a truncated, sharp edge IOL design.