Institute of Public and International Affairs (IPIA)
Zick, Cathleen D.; Srisukhumbowornchai, Sivithee;
Bryant, W. Keith
Does housework matter anymore? The shifting impact of housework on economic inequality
In recent years, American women’s housework time has declined while American men’s housework time has risen. We examine how these changes have affected economic inequality in America. Using time-diary data from the Time Use in Economic and Social Accounts, 1975-76 (N=1,484) and the American Time Use Survey, 2003 (N=5,534), we assess the economic value of adults’ housework and its influence on households' real access to goods and services in both years. Results suggest that housework reduces economic inequality. But, between 1975-76 and 2002-03, economic inequality rose largely because of the growing money income inequality and also, in part, because of modest growth in housework nequality. Demographic change, principally the rise in women’s employment, partially inhibited the growth in inequality.
University of Utah
Demography; Socioeconomic status; Household duties; Female; Male; United States; Economics;
Housekeeping; Income distribution
Zick, C. D., Bryant, W. K. & Srisukhumbowrnchai, S. (2006). Does Housework Matter Anymore? The Shifting Impact of Housework on Economic Inequality. Institute of Public International Affairs (IPIA).
Institute of Public and International Affairs Working Papers