Freese, Katherine; Newberg, Heidi Jo; Lewis, Matthew
Effects of the Sagittarius dwarf tidal stream on dark matter detectors
The Sagittarius dwarf tidal stream may be showering dark matter onto the solar neighborhood, which can change the results and interpretation of direct detection searches for weakly interacting massive particles (WIMPs). Stars in the stream may already have been detected in the solar neighborhood, and the dark matter in the stream is (0.3–25)% of the local density. Experiments should see an annually modulated steplike feature in the energy recoil spectrum that would be a smoking gun for WIMP detection. The total count rate in detectors is not a cosine curve in time and peaks at a different time of year than the standard case.