Effect of the translational diffusion mechanism on the low-field NMR spin-lattice relaxation time in the rotating reference frame: calculation of order parameter
The effect of the translational-diffusion mechanism on the low-field NMR spin-lattice relaxation time in the rotating reference frame is calculated for simple cubic, body-centered cubic, and face-centered cubic lattices. The results of these calculations suggest a new method for determining the preferred diffusion mechanism. Previously NMR has been able to provide a direct measurement of the activation energy only; a theory has always been needed to determine the jump frequency from the experimentally measured relaxation time. Recently Slichter and Ailion developed a new technique for the study of ultraslow diffusion which is applicable when the mean time r between atomic jumps is less than the spin-lattice relaxation time T\. In their theory, an order parameter p appears in the relationship between the experimentally measured relaxation time and r. This parameter p depends upon the diffusion mechanism and the angle 6, which describes the orientation of the crystal with respect to the external magnetic field. In this paper we have calculated p versus 6 for vacancy diffusion, interstitialcy diffusion, and interstitial diffusion in bcc, fee, and sc lattices for two cases. In the first case, we have assumed that r;, the mean time that an interstitial atom occupies a particular site between jumps, is longer than T2, the spin-spin relaxation time, and we have found that the angular dependence of p is quite different for different mechanisms. In the second case, we have assumed that r% < T% and have found that the angular dependence of p for interstitialcy diffusion differs from the vacancy results by approximately 10% for the three lattices considered. These theoretical results, when combined with experimental measurements of the angular dependence of the low-field relaxation time, provide a method for the direct determination of the mechanism responsible for diffusion in these crystals.
American Physical Society
NMR; Nuclear magnetic resonance; Lattices; Relaxation time;
Nuclear magnetic resonance; Atoms; Lattice dynamics
Ailion, D. C., & Ho, P. P. (1968). Effect of the translational diffusion mechanism on the low-field NMR spin-lattice relaxation time in the rotating reference frame: calculation of order parameter. Physical Review, 168, 662-71